Working in the USA

Who I am
Joel Fulleda
@joelfulleda
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Index

  • Visa for non-immigrants - suitable application for temporary work
  • Category J and Q visas for researchers, students, or cultural exchange programs
  • Visas of category H, L, O, P
  • To know
  • Category E, I, C1, D visas
  • Categoria I, C1/D
  • Visa for immigrants - suitable request for permanent employment
  • How to get a Green Card
  • In-depth links

Is working in the United States your dream? Surely the goal to be achieved is not the simplest, but with a lot of determination and with the right advice you will be able to get what you yearn for. First of all it is good to know that to be able to work in the USA you must necessarily have a visa, which changes according to the duration of the employment contract and the relative permanence in the territory.



Visa for non-immigrants - suitable application for temporary work

American Immigration Law provides certain categories of non-immigration visas for people who want work for a temporary period in the United States. In order to apply for a non-immigrant visa for temporary work, one must maintain one's residence in the country of origin e not relocate therefore stably USA.

Category J and Q visas for researchers, students, or cultural exchange programs

There are two categories of non-immigration visas for participants in exchange-visit programs in the USA

J - Program of exchange-visit sponsored by the US State Department to encourage exchange between people with special skills and knowledge of the arts, sciences and education. This includes students, trainees, teachers, professors, researchers, students of professional medical and paramedical courses and international visitors. The J visa allows you to accept employment only if foreseen in the exchange program (internship, research, teaching, au pair).
Requirements: adequate level of education and disposition of economic resources necessary for its maintenance.



Q - international cultural exchange program promoted by the BCSI. The Q visa allows you to carry out a paid job at the host institution or company.
Requirements: age of majority and knowledge of topics belonging to the culture of the country of origin.

Documents to be submitted when applying for a category J, Q visa

- Receipt of payment of the consular fee at a BNL bank;
- DS-160 visa application form;
- For the J visa, the original of the DS-2019 form and the SEVIS payment receipt (SEVP program administration fee);
- For the Q visa, the original I-797 form (petition approval or period extension issued by the US Immigration Office);
- Valid passport. Each person included in the passport must submit a separate visa application;
- Passport photo.

Visas of category H, L, O, P

H-1B - for professions with highly specialized personnel, cooperation projects of the US Department of Defense, or government development and research projects. In order to apply for this type of visa, you must first obtain a Labor Attestation, approved by the US Department of Labor.
H-2A - for temporary or seasonal agricultural workers.
H-2B - for temporary or seasonal non-agricultural workers. In order to obtain this visa, a temporary Labor Attestation approved by the US Department of Labor is required
H-3 - for non-medical or academic trainees, it falls into the "education of children with disabilities" category.
L - for the transfer of managers, executives and highly professional profiles within a company. One year of continuous work is required for the same company during the three years preceding the visa application. For the L1 blanket face there is an additional $ 500 fee to be paid at the Consulate where the visa is applied for.
O 1 - for people with extraordinary abilities or merits in the arts, sciences, athletics or film and television.
O 2 for accompanying visitors with an O-1 visa, for assistance during artistic performances or athletic events.
P-1 - for athletes, for sports teams or internationally known members and entertainment groups.
P-2- for artists and entertainers who will have to perform during twinning shows, international exchanges.
P-3 - for artists or entertainers who will have to perform in a program to be considered culturally unique.



Documents to be submitted for the H, L, O, P visa application

- Receipt of payment of the consular fee at a BNL bank;
- DS-160 visa application form;
- Valid passport. Each person included in the passport must submit a separate visa application.
- A passport photo;
- Original Model I-797 issued by the US Immigration Office

To know

The US employer must submit the model I-129 to the US Citizenship and Immigration Service. This form requires the admission of the non-immigrant worker to the US territory.
Only if approved, the application will be forwarded to the competent consulate.

Category E, I, C1, D visas

Category E

Non-immigration visas to be able to carry out significant commercial activities (including the technology and services sector) between your home state and the USA, or to run a company where large capital is invested or is about to be invested.
E1 - for trade (Treaty Trader) reserved for supervisors, managers or holders of professional qualifications deemed essential for the good running of the company;
E2 - by investment (Treaty Investor) reserved for the investor or his supervisor delegate.

Documents to be submitted for category E visa application

First make sure that the company, firm or investment meets the required requirements.
- Receipt of payment of the consular fee at a BNL bank,
- DS-160 visa application form,
- Valid passport,
- A passport photo.


Documentation to be presented in English

- presentation and delegation of the employer to the person to be sent to the USA;
- Deed of incorporation and corporate organizational minutes;
- account statement or US company movements;
- Corporate licenses and concessions;
- Tax returns and business volume documentation;
- Certificate of Participation and relationship with the Spanish company;
- for the Treaty Trader, attach 6 months of invoices for the turnover of US companies and Spanish companies;
- a copy of Form W-2 for each employee sent.


Applications for category E visas must be sent or delivered exclusively to Consular Section of the Embassy of Rome.

Categoria I, C1/D

Category I non-immigration visas are reserved for press officers or radio and cinema employees.
Non-immigration category C1 / D visas are reserved for ship or aircraft crew members.

Documents to be submitted for the application for a category I, C1 / D visa

- Receipt of payment of the consular fee at a BNL bank;
- DS-160 visa application form;
- Valid passport;
- A passport photo;
- work contract for category C1 / D visa;
- presentation and delegation of the employer to the person to be sent to the USA for a category I visa.

Visa for immigrants - suitable request for permanent employment

The rules related to obtaining the Residency permit (Green Card) for those who want to settle permanently on US territory are even more complex than those concerning temporary visas.
With the Green Card you can access health and education services, but you do not obtain American citizenship. The "permanent residents" (those who have acquired the right of citizenship thanks to the Green Card) do not have the right to vote, to be elected to institutional office, but must pay taxes like all American citizens. For each state there is a maximum amount of Green Cards available.

How to get a Green Card

1) Having a job.
2) For family reunification.
3) Diversity Visa Lottery (the famous Lottery).

1) Employment-based Green Card
First of all you need to have a "sponsor" or an employer who requires in a very precise way to be able to use your skills for a specific job. Generally the "sponsors" do not look for work figures for common tasks (for example waiter, clerk, etc.) but are always available to hire highly specialized personnel (most requested sectors in the medical-pharmaceutical and scientific sector, the technological and IT sector). In order to start the Green Card application procedures, an employment contract is therefore necessary, but not only must possess the requisites required by law and pass a medical examination. The procedure is long, it can last up to two years. Usually the employment-based green card is requested by people already in possession of a temporary visa (the bureaucratic times for carrying out the practice are significantly shortened).

2) Family reunification
A “permanent resident” or a US citizen can sponsor a direct relative, that is, a spouse, son or daughter, parent, brother or sister. The duration of the practice lasts according to the degree of kinship, the spouse almost immediately, brother or sister for several years of waiting.

3) Diversity Visa Lottery
Unbelievable but true, the Green Card can be obtained through a lottery, the “Diversity Visa Lottery”. Participation, to be carried out exclusively online, on the official website of the American State Department is completely free. The requirements are minimal, to be part of a State adhering to the program (Spain participates), have a high school diploma, be of legal age, have no mental problems and have not been convicted of criminal offenses.


add a comment of Working in the USA
Comment sent successfully! We will review it in the next few hours.