Senegal is a West African country of modest size overlooking the Atlantic Ocean with 531 km of coastline and an inland rich in treasures, such as forests, savannahs, salt lakes, rivers and dune deserts.
Senegal, even if little valued, therefore has a lot to offer, for example national parks, nature reserves, traditional villages and a lot of culture and hospitality, without forgetting the possibility of boat trips along the rivers and safaris to discover African flora and fauna. Find out with us when to go to Senegal, the climate, the best time and months to avoid.
- Best time
- Period to avoid
- Climate and seasons
- User questions and comments
Senegal, although small compared to other imposing African states, is still a fairly large country and we can divide it into three main areas: the north, the south and the coast. The climate is tropical and it doesn't change much from area to area in fact there are two seasons throughout the territory, the dry one from October / November to May and the rainy one from June to October during which the rainy days are however few.
- North Senegal (Matam): the best period is the dry season from mid-October to mid-June, during which rain is absent and rarely occurs on a few days in the winter months
- South Senegal (Zinguinchor, Tambacounda): the best period is from November to mid-May, i.e. during the dry season during which it never rains
- Senegal Costa (Dakar): on the coast, from north to south, the climate is milder thanks to the presence of the ocean and the best period is always from November to May during the dry season that never sees rain
The best months to visit Senegal are November to May. Precisely these two months (November and May) are the best to have a good climate and take advantage of advantageous prices, as they represent the beginning and the end of the Senegalese tourist season. In these two months, which respectively follow and precede the summer, the temperatures are high and the rains do not exist.
Period to avoid
From June to mid-October, or the rainy season, is the period not recommended to visit Senegal. Although the rainy days are generally few and not abundant, this does not allow you to enjoy the beautiful Senegalese beaches and any safaris or interesting boat trips on islets, along the rivers and among the beautiful lagoons.
Senegal is hardly ever affected by tropical cyclones because hurricanes form at a good distance, however it can always happen, especially in August and September, that a hurricane forms closer and hits the coast with heavy rain and rogue waves causing considerable damage, as happened in 2015 with Hurricane Fred.
Climate and seasons
The climate of Senegal is tropical and does not change much moving around its territory. The substantial difference is given by the temperatures, mitigated on the coast by the currents of the Atlantic Ocean and higher instead in inland areas. Specifically, along the coast the temperatures are between 20 and 30 ° C, while in the south they reach 37 ° C, finally in the north they exceed 42 ° C.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - North (Matam)
The northern area of Senegal can be defined as the hottest. Here we find Matam, the city that we will take as a reference from the climatic point of view. In Matam, daytime temperatures are always very high, between 34 and 42 ° C, while in the evening they drop considerably, remaining between 16 and 26 ° C. During the rainy season, it actually rains little, with the maximum peak being 10 days in August.
Recommended period: from October to May, with a preference for December-January
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - South (Tambacounda)
In the southeast of Senegal is Tambacounda. Here the climate is also very hot but the temperatures are slightly lower than in the north. However, there is talk of daytime temperatures around 37 ° C and night temperatures that drop below 20 ° C. As for the rains, on the other hand, they are decidedly more frequent and abundant, but always limited only to the months of the rainy season.
Recommended period: from October to May, with a preference for November-December
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Costa (Dakar)
Along the coast, from north to south, temperatures are more pleasant and bearable than the rest of the territory, thanks to the presence of the Atlantic Ocean which mitigates them with its currents. Dakar, the capital of Senegal, is located in the coastal area overlooking the sea and its temperatures slightly exceed 30 ° C during the day, while in the evening they drop below 20 ° C. Even here the rainy season is limited to the summer months but it is not so abundant and intense.
Recommended period: from October to May, with a preference for November-January
What to bring in your suitcase
- Capital: Dakar
- Population: 15.410.000
- Area: 196.712 sq. Km
- Languages: French and Wolof
- Currency: African Franc (CFA - $) / Exchange rate: € 1,00 = 657 CFA
- Documents: Passport with residual validity of at least 6 months
- Time zone: -2h compared to Italy
- vaccinations: no compulsory vaccination, but yellow fever, typhus and hepatitis A are recommended