Germany is without a doubt a fascinating land, which has a lot to offer to those who visit it and which can satisfy every type of traveler: from big cities to landscapes along the Rhine, from small historic villages to marvelous castles, from the Bavarian Alps in the south to the coastal area in the far north of the Country. But there is one thing to watch out for when planning a trip to Germany: the climate. Indeed, this great variety of landscapes also involves a different climatic aspects for each region! If the climate is mainly continental, each area has certain characteristics, such as more or less cold winters and more or less rainy summers.
Let's see specifically everything you need to know about when to go to Germany: climate and best period region by region. Don't let your vacation spoil!
- Best time for a trip
- Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Coastal Zone (Hamburg, Bremen, Kiel)
- Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Harz Massif (Brocken)
- Average Temperatures and Precipitation - West Germany (Düsseldorf, Cologne, Frankfurt)
- Average Temperatures and Precipitation - North East Germany (Berlin, Leipzig, Dresden)
- Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Bavaria and Southern Germany (Munich, Nuremberg)
- Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Bavarian Alps (Garmisch)
- What to bring in your suitcase
- User questions and comments
Best time for a trip
In Germany the climate is mainly continental type, with severe winters and relatively hot summers and with thunderstorms. However, being a very large country with one great variety of landscapes (from the city to the countryside, from the sea to the north to the mountains), depending on the area you visit you will find a certain climate which, while maintaining these characteristics common to the whole territory, has different facets.
Germany is divided into 16 Länder, i.e. in 16 federal states, but from a climate point of view can be divided into 6 regions, continuing from north to south: the coastal area, with reference to the city of Hamburg; the area of the Harz massif, the whole mountainous area of the central north of the country; the western region, which includes the whole area of Frankfurt and North Rhine-Westphalia; the north east, where the reference city is Berlin; Bavaria, or the south of Germany with Munich; and finally the area of the Alps, again in the south of the country, towards the border with Switzerland and Austria.
- Coastal area: recommended from mid-May to September, for long and sunny days; Winter is not recommended due to the few hours of light and cold temperatures
- Harz massif: recommended from May to September for excursions and outdoor activities; recommended in winter for skiing and snow sports
- West Germany: recommended from April to October for milder temperatures; winter is not recommended due to cold temperatures and numerous showers, including snow; if you do not fear the cold, Christmas time is recommended
- North Eastern Germany: recommended from April to October for milder temperatures; winter is not recommended due to cold temperatures and numerous showers, including snow; if you do not fear the cold, Christmas time is recommended
- Bavaria: from April to October the temperatures are milder and the days sunnier; Winter is not recommended because the temperatures are harsh, but if you don't fear the cold, Christmas is recommended
- Alps: recommended from May to September for excursions and outdoor activities; winter recommended for skiing and snow sports (presence of many ski resorts)
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Coastal Zone (Hamburg, Bremen, Kiel)
The north of Germany, especially the coastal area and the area that extends to the cities of Hamburg and Bremen, has a continental climate influenced by the presence of the sea. In fact, the country overlooks the Baltic Sea and the North Sea.
It follows that the climate here is often humid and rainy, in any period, but from May to September the temperatures are milder (maximums of 22 °) and therefore it is easier to visit the area and the cities, while in winter it even drops below 0. Beware of the wind, which blows mainly in winter, making the perception of cold higher. As for rainfall, it is well distributed throughout the year, with a minimum in spring. In winter there can also be snow.
- Recommended period: from May to September, with a minimum of 11 ° and a maximum of 22 °; April and October are two cut-off months, with temperatures higher than winter, but still cold
- Period not recommended: the winter period, from November to March, with minimums that fall below 0 and maximums of 5 °, including snow
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Harz Massif (Brocken)
Despite being in the center-north of the country, therefore with a typically continental climate (cold winters and mild summers), the area of the Harz massif, where the main mountain is the Brocken, deserves an in-depth discussion. Here we have indeed a typically alpine climate, with much colder winters and snowfall. This area can be visited all year round: in summer for outdoor activities and excursions, in winter for snow sports.
Specifically, in summer the temperatures are certainly the most pleasant, with a minimum of 6 ° and a maximum of 14 °. On sunny days it will be warmer, while with overcast skies it is recommended to bring some heavier clothes. In the other seasons the lows fall below 0, in winter it reaches -6 °, with maximums of 0 °. But this area is perfect to visit during this period if you are a fan of winter sports.
- Recommended period: from June to September for mild temperatures, with a minimum of 6 ° and a maximum of 14 °; winter if you love winter sports like skiing
- Period not recommended: winter, spring and autumn if you suffer a lot from the cold, in fact the minimums always fall below 0 and the maximums reach 10 ° in autumn / spring
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - West Germany (Düsseldorf, Cologne, Frankfurt)
Let's move now to the western part of Germany, more precisely to the North Rhine-Westphalia region (where cities such as Düsseldorf, Cologne and Bonn are located) and the entire Frankfurt area. This area is the one with the milder climate from all over the country thanks to the influence that comes from the Atlantic Ocean.
Specifically, thewinter is the mildest of all Germany, but also the wettest. Temperatures hardly drop below 0, but the strong wind that could occur on some days makes the perception of cold higher. Summer is, on the other hand, cooler, with some heat waves lasting a few days at most. Precipitation, on the other hand, is distributed evenly throughout the year.
- Recommended period: from April to September, milder temperatures, with possible heat waves, and sunnier days, with well-distributed rainfall
- Period not recommended: if you fear the cold in winter, with a minimum of 0 ° and a maximum of 7 °, with possible showers and snow
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - North East Germany (Berlin, Leipzig, Dresden)
From the western part, we pass to the north-eastern part of Germany, where the capital Berlin and some large cities such as Leipzig and Dresden are located. Here you will find the typical continental climate, with cold winters and warmer summers. Given the distance from the ocean, rainfall is scarcer, but in winter there is no lack of snow.
In the winter season, the minimum temperatures quietly drop below 0, while the maximums are around 4 °. Autumn and winter are two intermediate seasons, in which the temperatures begin to be pleasant, while in summer they oscillate between minimum and maximum of 12 ° and maximum of 24 °. Possible some heat waves that last a few days. Rainfall is well distributed throughout the year.
- Recommended period: from April to October, mild temperatures and, in the central months, minimums of 12 ° and maximums of 24 °
- Period not recommended: winter, as temperatures often drop below 0; if you do not fear the cold, however, the Christmas period is recommended
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Bavaria and Southern Germany (Munich, Nuremberg)
Let's move now to the southern part of the country, mainly occupied by the region of Bavaria, where there are some very visited cities such as Munich and Nuremberg, but also attractions that attract many tourists, such as Neuschwanstein Castle. Here the climate is continental, with cold winters and mild summers, as there is no influence of any sea or ocean.
In Bavaria there is in fact thelonger and colder winter from all over the country. This is because, in addition to the distance from the sea, the altitude also begins to rise. The temperature drops quietly below 0, reaching a minimum of -3 ° and a maximum of 4 °. In summer, however, it reaches a maximum of 24 °. Autumn and spring are in between seasons, but temperatures can still be quite cold. Precipitation, on the other hand, is abundant and distributed throughout the year.
- Recommended period: from May to September for the most pleasant temperatures
- Period not recommended: winter for cold temperatures and often below 0; but if you don't fear the cold, the Christmas period is recommended
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Bavarian Alps (Garmisch)
Although part of the Bavaria region, the Bavarian Alps deserve an in-depth discussion. Here the climate is typically alpine: in fact the altitude rises and, consequently, the temperatures in winter become much more rigid. But this is the real paradise for winter sports lovers. With a high presence of ski resorts, winter is considered a high season.
Let's see specifically the temperatures, starting precisely from winter: the minimums touch -6 ° in areas such as that of the city of Garmisch, but the higher the altitude, the lower the temperatures. Furthermore, there is no shortage abundant snowfall. In summer, however, the climate is cooler, with a minimum of 10 ° and a maximum of 21 °. However, rainfall remains well distributed, as in all of Bavaria.
- Recommended period: summer for mild temperatures and the possibility of practicing outdoor sports and excursions; winter for the snow and the presence of numerous ski resorts
- Period not recommended: winter if you fear the cold and don't like snow sports
What to bring in your suitcase
- Capital: Berlin
- Population: 83,02 million
- Area: 357.578 sq. Km
- Languages: German
- Currency: euro (€)
- Documents: valid identity card for expatriation or valid passport; a tourist visa is not required for Italian and European citizens