France is one of the most fascinating nations, rich in history and culture, which is why it is considered the artistic center of Europe.
Made up of several regions, it is a destination that satisfies everyone: the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Atlantic Ocean in the north, villages and picturesque landscapes in the center, not to forget the Alps and the Calanques.
The climatic conditions of the various French regions are quite different, therefore moving from certain areas to others, in the same period of the year, it is possible to find significant climatic differences.
Before embarking on a trip to France, therefore, possible goals should be evaluated, in addition to the beauties they offer, too in relation to the climate that characterize them.
- Climate, temperatures and rainfall
- User questions and comments
Best time for a trip
The best time to travel to France is what goes from April to September, then at the turn of spring and early autumn.
- Atlantic coasts (Normandy, Brittany): from May to September, especially in the summer months, the climate is particularly favorable, with frequent sunny days and maximum temperatures of 22 °.
- Inland areas (Ile de France, Burgundy, Loire, Grand est): from April to October, since the temperatures are very pleasant, in summer the maximum is 25 °, while in autumn it drops to 15 °.
- Southern areas and Corsica (Acquitaine, Provence-Côte d'Azur): mild and sunny climate all year round, but the best time is from May to September, with maximum summer temperatures up to 28 °.
Climate, temperatures and rainfall
In general it can be said that France is characterized by a temperate weather.
However it is possible to divide the nation into some areas, within which regions are grouped similar to each other for climatic conditions, let's see what they are.
Average temperatures and precipitation - Île-de-France (Paris, Boulogne-Billancourt, Meaux)
In this region the climate is temperate, with cold but not freezing winters and hot summers. However, the influence of the Atlantic Ocean can cause lower than usual temperatures in winter and higher peaks in summer.
Precipitation occurs all year round, and the season with the most are autumn and winter, but it is not excluded that sudden snowfalls and rains occur even in early spring (around May).
- Recommended period: From April to August, temperatures are mild and sunny days very frequent.
- Period not recommended: from December to March the weather is not good, temperatures are rather low, particularly in January and February, with highs of 8 °, snow and up to 30 days of rain.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Normandy (Roune, Le Havre, Bayeux)
In this region winters are quite cold and humid but not freezing, while the summer is quite cool. Rainfall, due to Atlantic influences, is frequent and is concentrated between autumn and winter. Wind is also a recurring phenomenon all year round and in summer there are significant temperature variations at night.
- Recommended period: from June to August the climate is perfect, with numerous sunny days and highs of 22 °.
- Period not recommended: from December to March the temperatures are quite low, with highs of 13 ° and several days of rain.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Far East (Strasbourg, Colmar, Mulhouse)
The eastern regions of France are characterized by a continental climate, with harsh winters and frequent snowfalls, while summers are cool and subject to continuous rainfall, as in the case of Strasbourg. In some areas, such as those around Mulhouse, snowfalls are more abundant.
- Recommended period: from June to August, maximums of 24 ° are reached and the sultry days are interrupted by occasional rain showers.
- Period not recommended: from December to March, during which the minimum temperatures drop below zero and the maximum reach 5 °. During the winter, snowfalls are frequent phenomena.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Provence-Côte d'Azur (Marseille, Avignon, Nice)
The climate is mild, and becomes Mediterranean on the French Riviera. The winters are therefore cool and slightly rainy and the summers are particularly hot and dry, with sunshine practically all year round, as in the case of Nice.
In the Provence region, on the other hand, therefore in the west, winter is more rigid as it is influenced by the Mistral wind, and summer can be very sultry, with days that reach even 40 ° (just think of Marseille or Avignon) .
- Recommended period: from June to August the climate is perfect, with many hot days and maximums of 26 °, even from September to October the temperatures are very pleasant with few rainy days.
- Period not recommended: no period is strongly advised against, however from December to February the temperatures are quite low, with highs of 14 °.
What to bring in your suitcase
- for the Île-de-France region it is advisable to pack quite heavy clothes and sweatshirts and coats to dress in layers, do not forget the umbrella, since it often rains;
- for the Normandy region it is better to protect yourself from the winds that blow on the coasts, with jackets and k-way, along with hiking boots and clothes;
- for the regions of the Grand Est it is advisable to bring mid-season clothes and sweatshirts and heavy jackets for the evening;
- for the Provence-Côte d'Azur region we must focus on mid-season clothes and sweatshirts and jackets for the evening and night hours.
- for the Île-de-France region it is better to bring very light clothes and some sweatshirts for the evening, even an umbrella is highly recommended;
- for Normandy I recommend light clothes for the day, without forgetting some sweatshirt and jacket for the evening and for the winds that blow all year round, as well as trekking clothes and shoes for excursions;
- for the regions of the Grand Est you have to pack quite light clothes, without forgetting the raincoat and some sweatshirt for the night hours;
- for the Provence-Côte d'Azur region I recommend to bring very light clothes in natural fibers, t-shirts, tank tops, open shoes and some light jackets for the evening.
- for the Île-de-France region I recommend heavy clothes, coats and jackets;
- for Normandy you need to equip yourself with fairly heavy coats and jackets and an umbrella;
- for the Grand Est region it is preferable to bring warm clothes, especially for the evening;
- for the Provence-Côte d'Azur region I recommend bringing sweaters, anoraks, rain shoes and an umbrella.
- for the Île-de-France region it is necessary to bring very heavy clothes, coats, hats and gloves;
- for Normandy it is necessary to bring coats, gloves and hair, without forgetting the umbrella;
- for the Grand Est you have to wear heavy woolen clothes with coats, sweatshirts, hats and gloves;
- for the Provence-Côte d'Azur region sweaters, coats, hats and scarves.
- Capital: Paris
- Population: 66,99 million
- Area: 643.801 sq. Km
- Languages: French
- Currency: euro (€)
- Documents: Italian citizens and citizens of EU countries must have a valid identity card for expatriation or a passport
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