When to go to Egypt: climate, best time and months to avoid

Who I am
Joel Fulleda

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Egypt has a great variety of natural environments to offer you several alternatives. In addition to being bathed in the North by the Mediterranean Sea and in the East by the Red Sea, its hinterland and the South touch the Sahara Desert, while the Sinai Peninsula has a mountainous area that exceeds 2000 meters in height.
In short, Egypt can satisfy everyone's tastes and you just have to choose your ideal Egyptian destination based on your interests among the blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the coral reef of the Red Sea, the mountains of Sinai and the peace of the desert, without forgetting the real attraction of Egypt, namely the famous and ancient Pyramids of Giza and Cheops which are definitely worth a visit, as well as the two main cities Cairo, which is the capital, and Alexandria in Egypt. Therefore, given the different natural environments, below we have divided Egypt for you according to its zones, talking about the climate and suggesting the best times for a trip.


  1. Best time
  2. Period to avoid
  3. Climate and seasons
  4. User questions and comments

Best time

Egypt has a very extensive territory and therefore has different climatic zones. Here are the main areas and the best times to visit them based on the climate of each.

  1. Northern Egypt (Mediterranean coasts, Cairo, Alexandria, Sinai Peninsula): the ideal seasons are spring and autumn, during which the heat is not yet intense and the rains are scarce.
  2. Central-Southern Egypt (inland and desert areas): from November to February, when the temperatures, although still warm, are acceptable.
  3. Eastern Egypt (coasts of the Red Sea, marsa alam and Sharm el-Sheikh): in the spring and autumn months when temperatures are not too high yet.

The best time to visit Egypt is in spring and autumn, or in winter for inland areas and the desert.
Spring (between March and April) and autumn (between October and November) are the ideal times to visit cities free from the sultry summer heat and winter rains, albeit scarce. These periods are also perfect both for days of trekking on the Similan heights without the presence of snow, and to spend the days on the beach on both coasts, taking advantage of the lower influx of people and the pleasant heat that is never excessive like that of the summer months. .

As for the desert areas, it is preferable to choose the period from November to February, when temperatures are around 20 ° C or a little more and will allow you to enjoy a pleasant tour in the desert.

In economic terms, however, early spring and late autumn are the times with the lowest prices to travel to Egypt very low season for Egyptian tourism. Therefore you can combine the advantage of the favorable climate for each activity with the possibility of low cost travel.

Period to avoid

The periods not recommended are winter and summer.
Winter is a good time to just visit the desert. For the rest, it is to be avoided if you want to visit the mountains that you will find snowy and freezing, the cities that become slightly rainy but very humid, and the beaches that have average temperatures around 18 ° C not exactly ideal for spending days at the beach. .

On the other hand, summer is too hot for the desert and the coasts. In those months, temperatures of up to 50 ° C are reached.

Climate and seasons

The Egyptian climate is mainly arid and desert and that rains are practically absent in most of the territory with the exception of the northern area which, influenced by the Mediterranean currents, enjoys a climate, albeit warm, slightly different and less dry. On the coasts of the Red Sea, however, the influence of the sea means that the desert climate takes on slightly milder temperatures than in inland areas. Now let's see in detail the climate of each area listed above.

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Northern Egypt (Cairo and Mediterranean coasts)

Northern Egypt is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, which mitigates its climate by making summer slightly above 30 ° C and winter around 15 ° C with rainy days alternating with good weather. This helps to refresh the environment even if the area is always very humid, and the presence of the Nile river as well as the sea contributes to this. In particular the climate of the city Cairo is subtropical, characterized precisely by mild winters and hot summers, without great excesses as it happens further south.

Recommended period: spring (March-May) and autumn (October-November)

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Central-Southern Egypt (Luxor)

In the south and in the center of the country lies the great Sahara desert. One of the main cities of this area is Luxor which we have taken as a reference to tell you about arid and dry climate, with practically no rains, always clear skies and high temperatures that gradually rise as you head south. In the Egyptian desert, winters are mild with pleasantly warm days around 22 ° C and cool nights that sometimes reach 0 Summers on the other hand, as expected, are hot with peaks of 50 ° C.

Recommended period: spring (March-May) and autumn (October-November)

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Eastern Egypt (Red Sea)

In the easternmost area, Egypt is also bathed by the Red Sea. Here the climate is always desert and arid, but the presence of the sea increases the humidity and influences the temperatures which are certainly more pleasant than those of the desert. In fact, in summer temperatures are around 30 ° C, while in winter around 20 ° C. As for the rains, even in this area of ​​Egypt it never rains or at most one or two days during the whole winter. Let's see specifically the climatic situation of the famous seaside resort Marsa Alam.

Recommended period: spring (March-May) and autumn (October-November)

What to bring in your suitcase


  • Capital: Cairo
  • Population: 104.798.827
  • Area: 1.207.450 Km2
  • Languages: Arabic, English, French
  • Currency: Egyptian Pound £ / Exchange rate: € 1,00 = £ 20,20
  • Documents: Passport or identity card valid for expatriation, the latter accepted only for tourist purposes and accompanied by two photos in order to obtain the visa to be requested from the local authorities. Both documents must have a residual validity of at least six months.
  • Time zone: + 1h compared to Italy, except in the months in which daylight saving time is in force
  • vaccinations: It is mandatory to present a yellow fever vaccination certificate for travelers from countries where the disease is at risk of transmission. For those coming from Italy, no vaccine is generally required.

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