Ecuador owes its name to its geographical position, corresponding to the earth's equator. However the warm equatorial climate all year round it is not present throughout the territory, which is divided into three distinct areas. Here you will come into contact with the peoples who lived in South America before colonization, who still retain their traditional alpaca wool clothing today. Choose this destination if you are a lover of non-traditional travels and in contact with local realities.
- Best time
- Period to avoid
- Climate and seasons
- User questions and comments
Ecuador can be divided into three climatic zones, depending on the physical characteristics of the territory. Temperatures are generally high all year round.
- Coast and plain (Esmeraldas, Manta, Guayaquil): temperatures remain constant, a visit from July to November is recommended
- Andes (Quito, Cuenca): hot all year round, with less rainfall in July and August
- Amazon Rainforest (Puyo): equatorial climate, hot and humid all year round. We recommend the months between August and November, when rainfall is relatively low
By choosing the month of August you will be able to organize an itinerary that includes all three areas without encountering adverse or risky weather conditions. Although it adopts the US dollar, Ecuador remains an economic destination, where the biggest expense will be the flight: accommodation, as well as meals, are quite cheap.
Period to avoid
Avoid the months from December to May, in which rainfall is more frequent in all three climatic zones and the heat in the Amazon area becomes suffocating due to the high humidity.
Also every five to seven years, in the wet season, the El Niño phenomenon occurs. This is a rise in ocean temperature that causes floods and possible floods in the areas adjacent to the coast and drought in the more distant ones.
Climate and seasons
Ecuador has three distinct climatic zones, although it is not a particularly extensive territory. Two seasons characterized by rainfall alternate, therefore a wet season and a dry season, with higher temperatures. The wet season generally runs from October to May, with some variations depending on whether you are in the coastal or mountainous area. In the Amazon region, however, there is no real dry season, as rainfall is abundant throughout the year.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Coast, plain (Esmeraldas, Manta, Guayaquil)
The plain between the coast and the Andes is characterized by a tropical climate throughout the year. The dry period varies slightly from north to south, with the north just a little wetter. At the coast, the climate is mainly dry, and it gets wetter as you move west, near the Andes.
Recommended period: the months from July to November, when rainfall is low and the climate is drier. From January to June, rainfall is abundant, increasing the humidity of the air which consequently makes the perceived temperature higher.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Andes (Quito)
In the central area of the country, the climate becomes cooler, maintaining a spring temperature throughout the year. In the mountains of the Andes is also the capital Quito, at an altitude of 2.850 meters. In the winter months of the wet season, nights can reach a minimum temperature close to zero.
Recommended period: in July and August you will find less rain and warmer days, sometimes above the average indicated. From October to December the temperatures drop and the rains become very frequent.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Amazon Rainforest (Puyo)
In the easternmost area of Colombia they meet jungles and typical environments of the Amazon rainforest, where it rains almost every day. Temperatures are on average around 20 ° C given the altitude, however the high humidity considerably increases the perception.
Recommended period: it is difficult to choose a better period as the conditions remain almost the same throughout the year, but by choosing the month of August the temperatures will be slightly cooler and you can combine the visit to this area with the rest of the country.
What to bring in your suitcase
- Capital: Quito
- Population: over 16 million
- Area: 283.560 sq. Km
- Languages: Spanish as official language, Quechua and Shuar as recognized indigenous languages
- Currency: US dollar / Exchange rate: € 1,00 = $ 1,12
- Documents: Passport with residual validity of at least six months, visa for travel lasting more than three months
- Time zone: UTC -5, six hours behind Italy
- vaccinations: no compulsory vaccinations, however those against yellow fever, typhoid and hepatitis A are strongly recommended