How many times have you dreamed of a warm winter holiday? One of the most popular destinations to fulfill this desire is Cuba. The large Caribbean island, with its white paradisiacal beaches and a sea of a thousand shades of blue, is perfect for give warm days on the beach in the months that correspond to our winter, but also wanting pleasant moments in its cities discovering their colonial charm.
However, it's not always a good time to go to Cuba! The tropical climate we imagine is sometimes no friend of the holidays and there are in fact gods months in which the island is not recommended.
Find out with us when to go to Cuba: climate, best time and months to avoid!
- Best time
- Period to avoid
- Climate and seasons
- User questions and comments
From a climatic point of view, the large island of Cuba can be simply divided into two large areas, that of the north-west, where the capital Havana is located, and that of the south-east, where the reference city is Santiago de Cuba. Both are characterized by tropical climate, hot and humid all year round, with a dry and rainy season during which there is a strong possibility of hurricanes. However, although the two areas are climatically similar, there are small differences in terms of temperatures and rainfall. Here are the details:
- Northwest Region (Havana): from November to May the climate is pleasantly warm with mild temperatures; the humidity is high, typical of the tropical climate, but is compensated by a cool evening breeze and some light drizzle
- Southeast Region (Santiago de Cuba): from November to May is the best period, but temperatures are higher than in the north-west area, with more dryness and almost no rain
We have seen that the best time to visit both is from November to May. However, if you choose the central months of this time frame, such as the end of December, January, February and March, the holiday could be quite expensive as it is the peak of the Cuban tourist season, as it is a very popular destination especially during the holidays. Christmas to escape from the European cold.
A good compromise between savings and climate is in the second half of November until mid-December or between April and May, with splendid sea and high temperatures but not excessively. The island is not yet (or is no longer) besieged by tourists, at a time when it is known that the prices of flights, accommodation and food are particularly high. But pay attention to the month of November, the transitional period. Sometimes it happens that the rainy season goes on for a while, causing still storms and cyclones. It is therefore important, if you have chosen the month of November to travel to Cuba, to keep up to date on the climatic situation.
Period to avoid
The period absolutely to avoid is the rainy season, from June to October, paying a little attention to the month of November as well. This season is characterized by temperatures around 32 °, frequent and abundant rains, but above all tropical hurricanes. The rains often turn into violent storms causing damage and forcing people to stay indoors.
The position of Cuba in the middle of the Caribbean Sea, in fact, penalizes the island with intense tropical hurricanes and cyclones, often violent and disastrous, due to the currents arriving from the east, affecting especially the area of Santiago de Cuba. In this regard, we recall the most damaging hurricanes in the history of Cuba: Flora, Sandy, Irma, Ike, Georges and Gustav.
Il full period of these phenomena runs from June to October, sometimes even early November, with their peak of activity in the months of August, September and October.
Climate and seasons
The whole island of Cuba enjoys a tropical climate, warm all year round, characterized by temperatures between 20 ° and 30 ° depending on the seasons which are essentially two, dry in winter and rainy in summer, and a few months of transition comparable to our spring and our autumn, mostly November and May.
For in the dry season the rains are almost non-existent and those few times are light, simple afternoon thunderstorms, and temperatures rarely exceed 30 ° C. The rainy season, on the other hand, is not only very abundant with frequent showers but, as we have already said, the intensity is sometimes so strong that become real tropical storms until they turn into dangerous cyclones. In this season the temperatures are particularly high, with 25 ° in the evening and 35 ° during the day.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Northwest Region (Havana)
The Cuban area of Havana, in the northwest, is less hot than the rest of the island, with temperatures between 20 ° and 27 ° during the dry season and between 23 ° and 32 ° during the rainy season.
Furthermore, this area is also less affected by violent cyclones that arrive during the rainy season, although it still rains often and a lot. As for the sea temperature, it is always very pleasant with its beautiful 25/28 °.
Recommended period: from November to April, with preference for the second period (February-April) to enjoy beach life; in May, however, the very high temperatures begin to return and some rain more frequently to prepare for the next season.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Southeast Region (Santiago de Cuba)
The southeast area of Cuba is the hottest on the island, with temperatures from 21 ° to 28 ° in the dry season and from 25 to 30 ° during the rainy season, in which thunderstorms are more frequent and of greater intensity. The sea temperature often approaches 30 °.
Recommended period: from November to April, with preference for the central ones (December-February) with less torrid temperatures; finally in May the torrid heat starts again with the rainy season.
What to bring in your suitcase
In both areas, bring everything you need for the beach (swimsuit, beach towel, flip flops, sunscreen, sunglasses, hat); as for clothing, summer garments will suffice (shorts, tops and t-shirts); a light jacket for the evening might come in handy; don't forget the insect repellent!
- Capital: Havana
- Population: 11.239.004
- Area: 110.922 sq. Km
- Languages: Spanish
- Currency: Cuban Peso (CUP) / € 1,00 = 32,56 CUP - Cuban Convertible Peso (CUC) / € 1,00 = 1,15 CUP
- Documents: passport with residual validity of at least six months; tourist visa valid for 30 days to be obtained exclusively before travel at the Cuban consular offices in Italy
- Time zone: -6 hours compared to Italy
- vaccinations: no compulsory vaccination, anti-malaria prophylaxis recommended
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