When to go to Colombia: climate, best time and months to avoid

Who I am
Joel Fulleda

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Colombia is the northernmost state in South America, just below the Panama Canal.Its views are very varied depending on the region, crossing the mountain ranges of the Andes to the coffee plantations that economically support the country. The variety that characterizes the country makes it the perfect destination for all tastes, whether you are a lover of white Caribbean beaches or you want to test yourself with trekking routes in the high mountains.


  1. Best time
  2. Period to avoid
  3. Climate and seasons
  4. User questions and comments

Best time

Colombia does not have a great variety of climates throughout the year, where temperatures remain constant. However, it has different climatic zones, which differ in altitude and exposure to the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

  1. Caribbean coast (north - Cartagena de Indias, Barranquilla): The best time is in the dry season, from December to April
  2. Pacific Coast (west - Cali, Pasto, Buenaventura): Choose the two months July-August, where the risk of precipitation is minimal
  3. Andes (Bogotà, Medellìn): The Andes area enjoys a temperate climate all year round, the most suitable months for a visit is in July and August
  4. Amazon rainforest (Leticia, Purto Caiman): The months with the most hours of sunshine and least rainfall are from July to September

Period to avoid

Since Colombia is subject to different climatic influences due to its geographic conformation, there is no absolute period to avoid for all areas: however, in general the different areas are united by rain in spring and autumn, from April to June and from October to November.

Climate and seasons

In Colombia "there are no half seasons" is not a saying, but a fact. There are only winter and summer, but there is never a cold comparable to what we are used to at home. The alternation is given, in addition to the hours of light and dark, to a dry and a rainy season.

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Caribbean Coast (Cartagena de Indias)

In the Caribbean area there are no great differences in temperatures during the year, which always remain summer, with a minimum of 23 ° C and a maximum of 32 ° C in all months. However, the months from June to November are characterized by more frequent rains, especially in October, where it rains on average 14 days.

Recommended period: from December to April, with a maximum of two rainy days throughout the month in December and April and no precipitation between January and March.

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Pacific Coast (Cali, Pasto, Buenaventura)

In the west, rainfall is much more abundant than on the Caribbean coast, and especially in the months between October and April. In October, as happens on the north coast, rainfall is at its maximum, with two weeks of rain. On the Pacific coast, the average temperature is lower, and is between 13 ° C and 25 ° C throughout the year.

Recommended period: from July to August: in July there are 7 hours of daylight, the maximum reached by the region, while the temperatures remain almost unchanged compared to the rest of the year.

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Andes (Bogotà, Medellìn)

Even in the Andes area, where the capital Bogota is located, temperatures remain unchanged throughout the year, but the altitude of the region lowers them compared to the rest of Colombia, with a maximum of 20 ° C throughout the year.
The month to absolutely avoid in this case is April, with 16 days of rainfall.

Recommended period: July and August due to less rainfall, but to avoid the high season a good compromise could be the month of December, where there are 8 rainy days but there are as many hours of daylight as in the summer months.

Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Amazon Rainforest (Leticia)

In the Colombian Amazon rainforest it is not possible to think in terms of dry and wet seasons, as rainfall is high all year round, as well as the high temperatures due to the tropical climate. Even in this case, however, it is possible to take advantage of the summer months to enjoy a few more hours of light.

Recommended period: the two months July-August it turns out to be the best even in this case, although there are at least ten days of monthly rainfall, but with a pronounced heat and humid.

What to bring in your suitcase

The following tips are valid and useful at any time of the year, regardless of the season.


  • Capital: Bogota
  • Population: 49,07 million
  • Area: 1.142.000 sq. Km
  • Languages: Spanish
  • Currency: Colombian Peso / Exchange: € 1,00 = $ 3687,71
  • Documents: Passport, return ticket (preferably paper to avoid misunderstandings) and tourist visa valid for 90 days
  • Time zone: UTC - 5, six hours behind Italy
  • vaccinations: there are no mandatory vaccinations to enter the country

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