When one thinks of visiting Brazil, one usually imagines the crowded and sunny beaches of Rio de Janeiro, but this country is huge and includes a large part of South American territory and most of the Amazon rainforest. It follows that, in particular for the passage of the equator, climates differ greatly from area to area and may also present intense phenomena. It is right then to understand well when to go to Brazil: climate, best time and months to avoid.
- Best time
- Period to avoid
- Climate and seasons
- User questions and comments
Brazil can be divided into three zones of very variable size and which differ from each other for the characteristics of their climates. Keep in mind that the country is almost completely in the southern hemisphere, then the seasons are upside down compared to ours:
- Northern Region (Manaus, Salvador, Fortaleza): this region is characterized by the equatorial climate so it is very rainy. The best time to visit is from June to November, with a preference for the month of October
- Central Region (Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte): this vast region is characterized by a tropical climate. The best time to visit is from May to October
- Southern Region (San Paolo, Porto Alegre): this subtropical region, on the other hand, has an almost Mediterranean climate, which makes it ideal to visit in the months of January and February
It is difficult to establish a period that is perfect for all regions of Brazil, but surely if you choose September-October you have a good chance of finding the most pleasant and least rainy climate.
Period to avoid
None in particular, but December is the wettest, particularly in the northern area.
Hurricanes do not usually pass through Brazil, however there may be some tropical storms from November to March, in the coastal area of Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre, Florianopolis, San Paolo. In any case, consider that in the last ten years there has been only one hurricane that has affected Porto Alegre with intensity.
Climate and seasons
There are three basic types of climate that correspond to the three areas of Brazil: equatorial, tropical, subtropical. The differences are mostly due to precipitation, which consistently characterizes some areas at certain times. Temperatures do not generally undergo significant thermal excursions, only in the south there will be minimums tending to low.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - North Region (Manaus, Salvador, Fortaleza)
This area includes northwestern Brazil, where the equator passes, but also a small part of the coast, where Salvador de Bahia is located. There is no really dry season here, because it rains all year round, but a period when rainfall is less abundant, in the austral winter from June to November. The humidity, especially in the Amazon rainforest, is 100%, but here the temperatures usually remain below 30 °, because it is sheltered by impenetrable vegetation, while in the city it is warmer.
In Manaus the temperature is 30-32 ° all year round, but it can also increase by 5 ° on the hottest days. Between December and May it can rain up to 20 days a month.
In Salvador de Bahia, on the coast, temperatures remain equally constant, they can drop slightly in winter, between June and August the average is 26-27 °. Here too it rains a lot, but between September and March there are sunny days.
On the coast, in Fortaleza, temperatures are high all year round but the ocean breeze mitigates the heat. From January to June there is a rainier season, with an average of 15-20 days, in the second half of the year the climate is drier, with 5 days of precipitation. The temperature does not undergo significant thermal excursions: all year round the maximum is around 30 °, the minimum at 23 ° -25 °. Furthermore, the sea of Fortaleza is warm all year round.
Recommended period: the least rainy season, therefore from June to November, to avoid the heat caused by high humidity. Considering that Salvador will offer more hours of sunshine between September and March, the best time may be October, when the maximum temperature will be 28 ° on the coast and 30 ° in the interior.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - Central Region (Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte)
This area is very large indeed and foresees climatic changes also within it, in general, however, we can speak of tropical climate by dividing the seasons between dry and rainy. The temperatures, in any case, do not undergo great excursions between summer and winter. The dry season in the hinterland is very short, from May to August, the peak of the rains is between December and February. In the dry period, temperatures are higher, but the lower humidity level makes them more bearable.
In Brasilia there are pleasant temperatures all year round due to the altitude, but the lows undergo more variations than the coast. Between June and July there will be 3 days of precipitation with a minimum of 13 ° and a maximum of 25 °. In January, however, there are about 20 days of rainfall and temperatures are 17 ° -27 °.
Moving south, in Rio de Janeiro, in winter there can be more consistent drops in temperature: from May to October the maximum is around 25 °, and the rains are rare, while from January to March it can even reach 37 ° -38 °. However, it must be said that in winter the sea is cooler here, and for some, diving could become difficult, but if you can stand the heat well, you can choose to visit Rio even in summer: in January and February, however, beware of the showers that form in the late afternoon. At this time, the rains are frequent, with 10-11 days a month.
Recommended period: pleasant temperatures and a drier period from May to October, especially in the middle of winter. Avoid the first part of the year, rainier and muggy, in which, however, in Rio de Janeiro there is a warmer sea and carnival.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation - South Region (San Paolo, Porto Alegre)
In this region in the extreme south of Brazil, small compared to the others, there is an almost Mediterranean subtropical climate, with winters during which temperatures drop substantially compared to other areas. Rainfall is more frequent in winter, but they are quite distributed, and they are not rare even in summer.
São Paulo is located right on the border between tropical and subtropical climate, and here the temperature changes are felt more: it goes from the average 23 ° in January and February to 16 ° in July. The period from June to August is the driest, with 6-7 days of precipitation. From October to March, however, the season is rainier, with 13 days on average. The nights can become cold in the period from May to September, the temperature even approaches zero, and in summer, however, peaks of 38 ° can be reached. To consider that the city of São Paulo is very polluted and under an almost constant hood that covers the sun.
Florianopolis is located further south and on the coast, temperatures range from 14,5 ° in July to 24,5 ° in January-February. Rainfall is constant throughout the year, with peaks of 13 days per month in February.
Recommended period: between January and February or October, when the minimum and maximum temperatures are around 15 ° -25 °, therefore quite pleasant. Between July and August there are the lowest lows, which can also drop a lot at night. Differences in rainfall between seasons are not important here.
What to bring in your suitcase
- Capital: Brasilia
- Population: 209.278.543
- Area: 8.514.877 sq. Km
- Languages: Portuguese
- Currency: Brazilian real (R $) / Exchange rate: € 1,00 = R $ 4,36
- Documents: passport
- Time zone: -4 h compared to Italy
- vaccinations: yellow fever. Dengue and malaria not compulsory, but recommended
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