What to see in Romania: cities, regions, attractions and recommended itineraries

Who I am
Martí Micolau

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

A wonderful land, rich in history, culture and testimonies of fascinating traditions, Romania offers a unspoiled landscape made of rocky mountains and rolling hills, interrupted by rugged stone churches and dazzling monasteries.
The capital Bucharest is modern and constantly growing, Transylvania has a magical atmosphere thanks to its castles (Dracula's Castle and Peles Castle) and its legends, on the Black Sea there are pleasant golden beaches, the territory of the Danube Delta is all to be explored.
Cities will make you do it a real leap into the past and unique views can be found along the Transfagarasan road, one of the most spectacular routes in the world. If you want to discover a country where, in many of its corners, time seems to have stopped, here what to see in Romania.


  1. The main tourist regions
  2. The main cities of Romania
  3. 10 things to see: the most important places of interest in Romania
  4. The main routes in Romania
  5. Where it is
  6. Travel informed: useful information
  7. What to do in Romania: activities, excursions and tours
  8. User questions and comments

The main tourist regions

It has been divided for centuries into 4 great historical Regions, which still today constitute an essential subdivision also for tourism. The most famous ones are certainly there Wallachia and Transylvania, related to the legend of Dracula, followed by the moldova (land of encounter between Russian and Romanian culture) and the Dobruja (where the Danube Delta is located).

1 - Dobruja

È the southeastern region of Romania crossed by the Danube, the one in which the river creates an extraordinary delta before flowing into the Black Sea. It borders on Wallachia and can boast a wonderful blue sea, defined by the Greek Scythians Axaina in 800 BC, and several ancient cities such as Callatis, Constanta and Histria, today a very important tourist destination thanks to a remarkable archaeological site. On the other hand, Tulcea and Cernavoda are very popular seaside resorts.

  • Reference airports: Constance-Mihail Kogălniceanu
  • Main towns: Constanta, Histria, Mangalia, Cernavoda, Tulcea
  • Main attractions: Danube Delta, Castles of Capidava, National History and Archeology Museums of Constantia, Acropolis of Histria
  • Best time: from May to October, due to the favorable climate both for seaside tourism and for visiting cities and archaeological sites
  • Getting around: the region is served by an efficient railway line (from Bucharest in about 2 hours and 20 min - about € 20,00) and by several bus lines (from Bucharest in about 3 hours - € 15,00) that allow you to reach all cities

2 - Moldova

Historic Moldova is now divided between Romania, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. The Romanian part is located between the Carpathians and the Prut River and is a border area and meeting place between Romanian and Russian culture, made up of wooded hills and verdant valleys.

Appreciated by tourists for its abundance of natural beauty, traditions and folklore, it is famous for its churches and monasteries, mainly located in the so-called Bucovina. Today these monasteries, such as Voronet, Moldovita, Arbore, the church of San Giorgio di Suceava and many others, keep inside them frescoes so beautiful and precious that they have become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Reference airports: Iași International Airport
  • Main towns: Iași, Botoşani, Piatra Neamţ
  • Main attractions: monasteries of Moldovita, Voronet, Humor, Arbore, Patrauti, Probota and Church of San Giorgio di Suceava
  • Best time: from May to September, when temperatures are generally pleasant, although in July and August the days can be very hot
  • Getting around: the most common means that are used are trams, trolley buses and buses. The latter also connect all the main cities of the country. Alternatively, you can rent a car

3 - Transylvania

It is perhaps the most famous region among those of Romania.
Banat, Crisana and Maramures are the areas of ancient Transylvania, as well as the richest ones in the whole country. The first two are located in the north, are crossed by the Mures River and here are cities such as Arad, Timisoara and Oradea, nestled between the mountains. Maramures is located on the border with Ukraine and is rich in woods and valleys, famous are its wooden churches with towers up to 70 meters high.

At the foot of the Carpathians, Transylvania evokes legends and mysteries, such as those related to the Gothic Castle of Dracula, but not only. Its medieval towns of Brasov and Sighisoara are among the most beautiful in Europe: in the latter, moreover, a famous and evocative medieval festival takes place in July.

  • Reference airports: Timișoara-Traian Vuia Airport
  • Main towns: Timisoara, Oradea, Cluj-Napoca, Brasov, Sighisoara
  • Main attractions: Castle of Dracula, medieval festival of Sighisoara, thermal baths of Baile Herculane
  • Best time: from May to September, when temperatures are generally pleasant, although in July and August the days can be very hot. In July there is the medieval festival of Sighisoara
  • Getting around: the railway line is very efficient, as well as the rest of public transport (buses, coaches and micro-buses). Taxi is rather expensive

4 - Wallachia

South of the country, this is made up of two other historical regions, Muntenia and Oltenia. In this part of Romania there is a strong call to history and local traditions, but there are also particularly characteristic and picturesque natural landscapes, preserved in parks located in the Carpathian mountains, a destination especially appreciated by hikers and enthusiasts.
Important is the historical and architectural heritage, with many churches and monasteries. There are many cities to visit, Bucharest is located in this region together with Craiova, Călimăneşti (known for its spas) Horezu and its monastery.

  • Reference airports: Bucharest-Otopeni Airport
  • Main towns: Bucharest (capital), Craiova, Călimăneşti and Horezu
  • Main attractions: Bucharest, Curtea de Arges Monastery, Peles Castle, Horezu Monastery, Olănesti Thermal Baths
  • Best time: between May and September, with the exception of the months of July and August because in the Bucharest area it can also be very hot, with temperatures reaching 35 ° C
  • Getting around: the railway line is very efficient, as well as the rest of public transport (buses, coaches and micro-buses). Taxi is rather expensive

The main cities of Romania

  1. Bucharest: the capital, is an ancient and fascinating city where ancient and modern coexist in harmony. Full of museums and theaters, it has a very lively nightlife - find out more
  2. Braşov: most picturesque medieval city in all of Transylvania, with the fairy-tale towers of Peles Castle. Don't miss the Biserica Neagra (black church), the largest Gothic religious building in the country and in southeastern Europe - find out more
  3. Sibiu: founded by the Saxons in 1190, it was European Capital of Culture in 2007. It is located near the famous Dracula's Castle in Bran and a few km from Sighisoara.
  4. Sighișoara: it is the Pearl of Transylvania, one of the best preserved fortress cities, a Unesco World Heritage Site. During the last weekend of July, the Medieval Festival is celebrated with traditional music, dances and period costumes.
  5. Cluj-Napoca: old capital of Transylvania and third largest city in Romania, it is a tourist destination appreciated above all by hiking and mountain enthusiasts.
  6. Constanta: it is a seaside tourist center with a very lively nightlife where an important festival of popular music takes place every year.
  7. Timisoara: rich in splendid Baroque style buildings, it has a particularly harsh climate during the winter but is particularly fascinating during the Christmas period.
  8. Suceava: here is the Church of San Giorgio, a UNESCO World Heritage Site thanks to the statues and frescoes inside. nearby are the famous painted monasteries of Bucovina.
  9. Iaşi: university town, it is the second most populous city in the nation and is famous for its numerous scientific and cultural events.
  10. Alba Iulia: considered the spiritual capital of Romania, it was the residence of the princes of Transylvania. Here, in 1922, King Ferdinand was crowned.

10 things to see: the most important places of interest in Romania

  1. Parliament building: it is the symbol of Bucharest, one of the largest buildings in the world, consisting of a thousand rooms, not to be missed.
  2. Peles Castle: in Sinaia, it has a neo-Renaissance style structure typical of Bavarian castles and the interiors are inspired by the Florentine, French and Moorish styles.
  3. Bran Castle: known as Dracula's castle, known throughout the world. Bram Stoker set his novel "Dracula" here, in fact the building is somehow linked to the mysterious figure of Vlad the Impaler.
  4. Danube Delta: the river enters Romania flowing into the Black Sea, creating a fluvial ecosystem near its delta where thousands of species of plants, birds and animals live together in harmony.
  5. constancy: important port on the Black Sea, it is a destination chosen for its beautiful promenade and beaches, as well as for its lively nightlife and for a series of interesting monuments.
  6. Turda salt mine: in Transylvania, it is a visitable mine divided into 4 galleries where there are real salt caves and some medieval machinery on display, to understand how salt was extracted centuries ago.
  7. Painted monasteries: in the Bucovina region there are the so-called painted monasteries, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with frescoes dating back to the th and th centuries.
  8. Transfăgărășan road: built by the dictator Ceaucescu, this route of over 150 km crosses the Carpathians between breathtaking views, valleys, snow-capped peaks and many hairpin bends, pure fun for the most adventurous motorists, motorcyclists and cyclists.
  9. Medieval Festival of Sighisoara: hometown of Vlad Tepes, the alleged Count Dracula, is famous for a beautiful medieval festival held every year in late July.
  10. Biserica Neagra: the black church, one of the most famous gothic religious buildings in Romania. Among the pastel-colored houses of the city of Brasov is this must-see destination in Transylvania.

The main routes in Romania

In this land there are many things to see and the time available always seems too little, also because some destinations are truly unmissable.
If you are planning a trip to Romania and time is short, here are some itineraries to be able to better enjoy this fantastic country.

  1. 4 Days Medieval Transylvania Tour: a tour to discover the most important medieval monuments in Transylvania, which includes the famous castle of Peles, that of Dracula, the fortified church of Biertan and the historic citadel of Rupea - Book online
  2. One week tour in Romania: the main stops include Bucharest, Transylvania with Dracula's castle, the fortified church of Biertan and Sighisoara, the Tampa Mountain Nature Reserve and the city of Brasov - Book online
  3. 2 days tour in Bucovina and painted monasteries: to discover the region of transylvania where the painted monasteries are kept, a UNESCO World Heritage Site - Book online
  4. Learn about the history and traditions of Bucharest: you cannot visit a country without immersing yourself in the two traditions and without knowing its history. Thanks to this tour you will be able to visit the most beautiful, interesting and culturally significant buildings in Bucharest - Book online

Where it is

Romania is located in the northeastern part of Europe adjacent to the Balkan Peninsula. It borders to the north-east with Moldova, to the north and for a short distance to the east with Ukraine, to the south with Bulgaria, to the south-west with Serbia (546 km) and to the north-west with Hungary.

Travel informed: useful information

  • Inhabitants: 19.638.000
  • Capital: Bucharest
  • Languages: Romanian
  • Local currency: Romanian leu (€ 1,00 = 4,83 Romanian lei)
  • Weather: continental, with cold winters and hot summers. In winter, the average temperatures range between 0 ° C and -2 ° C, in the Carpathians the average in January is -3 ° C. In summer they range between 23 ° and 35 °
  • Travel / health insurance: recommended.

    What to do in Romania: activities, excursions and tours

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