If you have long dreamed of making a journey that will take you to discover distant cultures, unspoiled landscapes and testimonies of the past, Jordan is exactly the place for you.
As well as allowing you to visit closely one of the seven wonders of the modern world, or the beautiful Petra and the entire archaeological site linked to it, you can in fact admire equally fascinating places, such as Jarash, one of the best preserved sites in the world; but also the Wadi Rum desert and its thousand shades; or again the Dead Sea, a natural place with unique characteristics in the world.
Here are the attractions and cities not to be missed during a trip to Jordan, hoping to help you create your perfect travel itinerary in the land of the Bedouins.
- Wadi Rum
- Little Petra
- Dead Sea
- Mount nebo
- Al Karak
- Kings Road
- User questions and comments
1 - Amman
It is the capital, a populous and chaotic city located in an area north-west of the country and divided over 14 hills. Known as Philadelphia during the 1921rd century BC, the city underwent the domination and passage of several civilizations over the centuries, until when it was chosen as the seat of government of the new Jordanian state.
Characterized by buildings stacked on top of each other, it is full of points of tourist interest: the area of the Suq, in the lower part, the most authentic of the city, where you will find stalls, improvised city markets and many locals intent on bargaining on goods. Also in the lower part, you can come across the beautiful Roman amphitheater and in Nymphaeum, an ancient public fountain used in Roman times. Climbing into the upper part you can admire it up close the Citadel: in this magnificent archaeological site, some remains of inestimable historical value are preserved, including the temple of Hercules, the Umayyad palace, as well as numerous tombs and churches of clear Byzantine influence. The Citadel is open every day, from 8.00 to 18.00. The cost of the ticket is 2 JOD, € 2,5.
2 - Petra
Listed as one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World, together with the Great Wall, the Colosseum and other important sites in the world, it is not surprising that this city is the most popular destination for those embarking on a trip to Jordan.
Also nicknamed the Pink City by the locals, it is located in the mountains of Eden in a strategic position that should have defended it from possible enemy incursions. Here, in fact, the Nabataeans took refuge there, peoples of skilled merchants who left various testimonies within the site. In addition to the well known Treasury of Petra (the facade that you will have seen in many magazines, travel guides, etc.), the site includes tombs, theaters, mosaics of great beauty, not to mention the Monastery, the sister building of the Treasury, however, located in the highest part of the site (to get there it is in fact necessary to walk more than 800 steps in the rock ... a great effort, of course, but we can assure you that it's really worth it!) The site is open every day, from 6.00 to 18.00, the ticket has a cost of 50 JOD.
3 - Wadi Rum
Also called the Valley of the Moon, it is nothing less than the largest desert expanse of the whole country. Characterized by rock formations alternating with sand dunes, it is very popular for the different shades of color that change according to the light and the season.
Within the visitable area, it is possible explore the area through a jeep safari, on the back of dromedaries or independently. It is also possible to taste authentic Bedouin tea or stop to sleep in one of the many tented camps present: this is certainly one of the most beautiful and adventurous experiences that you can live in Jordan and that, we are sure, you will really find it hard to forget!
4 - Little Petra
A few kilometers away from Petra, there is this very beautiful and equally interesting archaeological site, also called Petra the White, also a Nabataean site that was inhabited by the Bedouins until 1900. Here, between mansions and rock-cut temples and small canyons, the merchants coming from the Silk Road gathered to do business or rest in safety. Today, the site is a Unesco World Heritage Site, and despite its proximity to Petra, it is much less crowded (especially when heading to the entrance in the morning before 11.00am).
At the end of the site, a sign indicates the path to get to a belvedere overlooking the surrounding mountains: although it is not among the most beautiful viewpoints in the country, it is still very nice, furthermore next to the belvedere there is a spartan refreshment point where it is possible to taste tea and other local dishes. The site is open from 8.00 to 18.00 every day.
5 - Dead Sea
With its 400 meters below sea level, the Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth, as well as a place with unique characteristics. It is a salt lake, despite the name identifying it as "sea", it is located between Jordan and Israel. The particularity of the place, in addition to the low altitude, is thehigh presence of salt dissolved in water: this, if on the one hand it has prevented the proliferation of life (with the exception of a very particular species of shrimp), on the other it has created conditions such that any body immersed in water can float without effort, making the Dead Sea a unmissable stop (as well as fun!). Furthermore, its waters have undoubted therapeutic qualities, ideal for treating skin diseases.
6 - Madaba
Known as the City of the Mosaic, it is one of Jordan's main attractions. Located along the Via Regia (a very ancient road over 5.000 years old), the city was one of the settlements occupied by the twelve tribes of Israel at the time of the Exodus. Then dominated by the Greeks of Alexander the Great and, subsequently, by the Roman Empire, the city finally passed to the Byzantines, of which several testimonies still remain today. In Church of San Giorgio there is a mosaic of great historical and cultural interest: we are talking about Mosaic of the Holy Land, the first "geographical map" of the region, originally made up of over 2 million cards. Visiting hours are scheduled from 8.00 to 18.00, excluding Sundays from 10.30 to 18.00.
7 - Mount Nebo
Very close to the city of Madaba (and a 45-minute drive from Amman), this mountain is about 800 meters high from whose summit it is possible to admire the entire Holy Land and part of the Jordan Valley. On clear days, it is said that you can even see the golden dome of Jerusalem! In addition to the panoramic view, the mountain it is famous for hosting the Memorial of Moses: according to various opinions, in fact, the basilica, whose foundations seem to date back to the fourth century, would have kept the remains of the patriarch. The Memorial is open every day, from 8.00 to 18.00, access, including a visit to the museum, costs about 2JOD.
8 - Jerash
Among the best preserved archaeological sites in the world, this city also called Jerash, boasts a thousand-year history: founded in the time of Alexander the Great and then conquered by the Romans. The city experienced a period of great splendor until it was occupied by the Persians in 600. From here, the decline of the city began, which was joined by a series of natural cataclysms that buried much of the city under mountains of sand and debris.
However, in the early 1800s, the city was discovered by a group of German experts, who brought to light a real underwater world. Today the site can be visited: open from 8.00 in the morning to 8.00 in the evening, at a cost of 10 JOD.
9 - Al Karak
Also along the ancient Via Regia, stands this town, which was once part of the kingdom of Jerusalem. Here is an important testimony of the presence of the Crusaders in Jordan: the Al Karak Castle. The imposing fortress stands on the top of a hill, almost 1.000 meters high. Well preserved over the centuries, the castle is located in a strategic position, surrounded on three sides by the valley below to avoid enemy attacks; moreover, its elevated position allowed the soldiers to have visual control of the entire panorama: the view sweeps almost 360 ° to even glimpse the shores of the Dead Sea! Visiting hours are scheduled from 8.00 to 18.00.
10 - Road of the Kings
You cannot make a trip to Jordan without stopping at admire the view from one of the best viewpoints in the whole country. Along the Road of the Kings (the stretch of road that connects Amman to Petra and Aqaba) it is possible to stop at some signposted viewpoints that will certainly make you want to explore the whole country far and wide! Just be careful not to lean too far from the protective walls: some points can be quite dangerous, especially near the highest points. Also pay attention to your personal effects (cameras, sunglasses, hats, etc.): if they fall off the cliff it will be quite complicated to go and recover them!
Travel informed: useful information and necessary documents
- Inhabitants: about 10.000.000
- Capital: Amman
- Languages: Arabic
- Local currency: Jordanian dinar (1JOD = € 1,28399)
- Weather: arid all year round with temperatures hovering around a maximum of 33 ° in the hottest seasons and a maximum of 13 ° in the colder months. There is a slight difference between the areas of the plateau and those of the Jordan Valley: the latter is in fact a much warmer area than the rest of the country (even reaching 48 °!) - see our article for learn more about the climate, best time and months to avoid
- Time zone: + 1h compared to Italy
- vaccinations: no vaccination required
- Entry requirements: valid passport, tourist visa
- Travel / health insurance: recommended.
Where it is
Jordan is located in the ancient Fertile Crescent and borders Syria, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. The country, populated by more than 10 million people, of which 95% of Arab origin and the remaining 5% composed of Circassians, Armenians and Kurds.
It can be divided into 2 main geographic regions: the first is that ofplateau, where the capital Amman itself is located, and is characterized by an arid climate but with overall low temperatures for most of the year; the second, on the other hand, includes the territories located within the Jordan Valley, considered the torrid area of the country.