What to see in Greece: cities, regions, attractions and recommended itineraries

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Joel Fulleda
@joelfulleda
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Greece is one of the places where Western civilization originated and it is the cradle of wonderful archaeological sites, famous all over the world and visited by thousands of tourists every year.

A place to combine culture with fun!
Above all rich in history, it is also one of the most famous countries for its nightlife and the white beaches with crystal clear sea where you can drink cocktails in front of a splendid sunset.

Here are what they are the most beautiful and important cities, regions and attractions not to be missed in Greece.



Index

  1. The main tourist regions
  2. Major cities of Greece
  3. 10 things to see: the most important places of interest in Greece
  4. The main itineraries in Greece
  5. Where it is
  6. Travel informed: useful information
  7. What to do in Greece: activities, excursions and tours
  8. User questions and comments

The main tourist regions

The country is made up of 13 regions all different from each other, characterized by a very rich history and a unique culture of its kind. These regions are called "suburbs".
Here the most beautiful regions of Greece to see.

1 - Attica

It is one of the most important regions and one of the most visited, precisely because Athens is one of the most historically important cities in Europe.

Next to the historic city, it begins the cosmopolitan Riviera of Athens which, extended along the entire Attica peninsula, teems with life and tourism up to Capo Sounio.

Capo Sounio, is famous for combining culture with entertainment. You can admire the remains of a splendid Greek temple dedicated to Poseidon and one dedicated to Athena, and then enjoy its lively beach bars, restaurants and water sports.

Hence also you can reach the jewel islands with sandy beaches and crystal clear water such as the island of Hydra, Spetses, Poros or Agistri. They can all be reached in about 60-90 minutes by hydrofoil or a few hours by ferry. The costs of the ferries vary according to the distance of the destination, but normally they are around € 30,00.



  • Reference airports: Athens International Airport (about 40 km from the center of Athens reachable by: 40 minutes by train for € 10,00, 30/40 minutes by bus for € 6,00 or by taxi for about € 38,00).
  • Main towns: Athens (Athens), Kolonaki (Athens), Cape Sounio (Sounio), Plaka (Athens).
  • Main attractions: Acropolis of Athens, Agora, Acropolis Museum, Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens, historic center of Plaka, Kolonaki district, Temple of Poseidon and Temple of Athena at Cape Sounio.
  • Best time: from May to June where temperatures are around 20 ° / 25 ° and tourism is not at its highest peak or, for the same reasons, between September and October with an average temperature of 23 °.
  • Getting around: major cities have large, well-organized metropolitan networks. To move between one city and another, the bus is recommended and the price, which varies according to the ride, is around € 6,00. We advise you to start from Athens where near the Pedion tou Areos park there is the regional bus terminal that connects it with various centers of Attica.

2 - Crete

It is the largest island in Greece immersed in a wilderness between history and culture.
It is located in the southern part of the Aegean and is an incredibly welcoming island with a warm climate and a mystical aura.

It enchants its visitors especially with its own heavenly beaches and the famous archaeological sites such as the Minoan palaces of Knossos, Phaistos, Malia and Kato Zakros.

There is also no shortage on this island magnificent castles that will transport you back in time, monasteries, luxurious beach clubs and an unmissable nightlife among the most chic of the place.



  • Reference airports: Crete Heraklion airport (5 km from the city of Heraklion easily reachable in 20 minutes by bus at a cost of € 1,00 or in 15 minutes by taxi at a fixed price of € 17,00).
  • Main towns: Heraklion (heraklion), Rethymno (Rethymno), Chania (Hania), Agios Nikolaos (Lassathi), Elounda (Lassithi).
  • Main attractions: Kastelli in Chania and Museum, Fortress in Rethymno, Heraklion castle, Frangokastello in southern Chania, Mount Forte in Lassithi, archaeological sites of Knossos, Phaistos, Malia and Kato Zakros.
  • Best time: May, June and September when the heat is not excessive (average temperature 25 °) and the prices are low.
  • Getting around: it is advisable to rent a car to have more freedom without missing any place of interest. Otherwise there are many bus lines. An urban ticket costs € 1,00 while a suburban ticket costs around € 6,00.

3 - Cyclades Islands

They are a group of islands characterized by white villages, beaches of a magnificent golden color and crystal clear waters. They are one of the most precious treasures of the Aegean and to them belong some of the most loved places by tourists who discover Greece.

The most famous sites are certainly Mykonos and Santorini, but the lesser known islands are just as beautiful. The islands offer different activities in each island that is part of them, from water sports to nightlife up to culture thanks to the different archaeological sites that populate it and history museums.



  • Reference airports: Mykonos airport 4 km from the capital of the island, or Santorini International Airport (JTR) 7 km from the capital Fira (both reachable by bus for € 1,60 or in 10 minutes by taxi for € 15,00) .
  • Main towns: Mykonos (Mykonos), Syros (Ermopoli), Santorini (Thira), Andros (Andros), Serifos (Serifos).
  • Main attractions: village of Santorini, Museum of Prehistoric Thera of Santorini, beaches of Mykonos, archaeological site of the island of Delos, Hozoviotissa monastery in Amorgos.
  • Best time: May, June and September when the heat is not excessive (average temperature 25 °) and the prices are low.
  • Getting around: since many centers are difficult to reach by car, it is advisable to travel by taxi at variable rates or by bus where a ticket costs € 1,00. However, if you prefer to move freely, you can rent a car.

4 - Central Greece

Here beats the heart of Greece. It is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful regions, rich in historical monuments, hiking trails, national parks and white beaches with turquoise sea.

It is a region that truly lends itself to any need whether you love walking, driving or relaxing on the beach or at the spa.

Cosmopolitan Arahova, it is also an excellent destination during the winter period where it happens that the snow whitens the houses and creates a crazy scenario.

Wandering among the most famous places, you can taste the true flavors of Greece where among the most popular we find katiki, a soft and fresh cheese from Domokòs, the famous formaella and the Arahova pasta which is homemade.

  • Reference airportsThere are no airports in the Central Greece region, but the closest is Athens Athens Airport. From here you can get to the main city of Delphi by train (around 2 hours) or by bus (around 3 hours).
  • Main towns: Arachova (Boeotia), Delphi (Phocis), Karpenissi (Euritania), Skyros (Chania)
  • Main attractions: European Cultural Center and house-museum of Angelos Sikelianos of Delphi, Mount Parnassus, castles of Amphissa, the port of Galaxidi and its maritime museum.
  • Best time: January and February if you want to try winter tourism by hunting for snow and winter sports, September to enjoy not too hot summer temperatures which are around 25 °.
  • Getting around: the best method is to use the buses where an urban ticket is around € 1,40 while the extra-urban ones from € 5,00. Otherwise it is advisable to rent a car to move more freely between the various cities.

Major cities of Greece

  1. Athens: this city represents the true Greek history, its essence and its culture in every nuance. With its immense splendor we have always seen it in books and documentaries so it is a must to see it live at least once - see the Athens guide.
  2. Cape Sounio: it is one of the most sacred places in Greece dedicated to the gods of Poseidon and Athena. With its breathtaking sunsets and the legends that surround it, it will make you leave a piece of your heart among its temples.
  3. Delphi: visiting this place is like reliving a 2.500 year old dream, in the time when Greece was the home of Gods, philosophers, poets and oracles. It is in fact the city of the Oracle, a center of utmost importance for Greece.
  4. Sparta: it is a city known all over the world able to harmoniously combine the past and the present. Here you will have the opportunity to admire the remains of the ancient city-state home to heroes of legendary courage.
  5. Ithaca: the island of Ulysses, symbol of the promised land that everyone is looking for, preserves a rich history that can still be admired today through beautiful archaeological sites, without taking away from its breathtaking landscapes and beautiful beaches.
  6. Olympia: this is the famous city where the myth of the Olympics was born and it is from here that the Olympic flame starts every four years. Here, walking between the Temples of Zeus and Hera and the Stadium you will experience indescribable emotions.
  7. Thessaloniki: it is the second largest city in greece and between museums, shopping and nightlife it is a perfect destination. Little known by tourists and therefore still cheap, it is ideal for a city break off the beaten path.
  8. Rhodes: if you are looking for a place with sandy beaches surrounded by beautiful green landscapes, Rhodes is for you! With the enchanting valley of colored butterflies and the ancient and suggestive medieval city it is one of the most loved islands.
  9. Maroon: it is the ancient capital of the Corinthians and it is here that the homonymous artificial canal with very steep walls is found which cuts mainland Greece in two. It is a place full of charm and suggestion still little beaten by tourists.
  10. Meteora: classified as a UNESCO heritage it is considered one of the most incredible places in Greece, if not the world. What makes it so famous are its monasteries perched atop huge monolithic pillars with a fairytale-like feel.

10 things to see: the most important places of interest in Greece

  1. Acropolis of Athens with its agora and museum among the best of its kind in the world. Absolute symbol of Greece and unmissable place for a trip to the magical land of Athens.
  2. The Temples overlooking the sea including the Temple of Olympian Zeus: observe the columns of the old temples, close your eyes and let your imagination take you back in time and then reopen them on the immense Greek sea.
  3. Plaka district and historic center: it is the most central area of ​​Athens and is known as the quarter of the gods. This neighborhood retains its ancient look thanks to its labyrinthine cobbled streets between neoclassical houses.
  4. The historic districts more dispersed within the islands: if you want to really experience Greece, go into the lesser known small neighborhoods and villages and you can savor the true essence of the country.
  5. Temple of Poseidon and Temple of Athena at Capo Sounio: certainly the fundamental attractions that will make you talk about it to anyone you meet. Take a picture of yourself at the foot of the towering columns and let yourself be carried away by the imagination.
  6. The Temple of Apollo, the fountain of Kastalia, the stadium and the museum of Delphi are the most popular attractions of magical Delphi. A teeming with culture and history where the first Olympics of antiquity originated.
  7. Minoan palaces of Knossos, Phaistos, Malia and Kato Zakros: it has always been talked about in history manuals, it is where dozens of legends originated, so it will not be difficult to get carried away by the magic that is contained in these places.
  8. The castle of Chania and the fortress of Rethymno: here you can find splendid examples of Venetian architecture. The fortress overlooking the sea and the beautiful castle on a small island will leave you delighted even from the outside.
  9. The white village of Santorini: here you can venture among its candid white buildings and blue domes even on donkeys, commonly used to move around this island all uphill.
  10. The white beaches of the cyclades islands and nightlife in Mykonos: if it is true that Greece is teeming with culture, it is also true that the party never fails in these places! Take a few days of relaxation to enjoy the party air of the place.

The main itineraries in Greece

If you are planning a general tour of Greece there are some destinations that you absolutely cannot miss. The places to see are many and probably an internal month would not be enough to be able to enjoy them all.

So, if time is running out but you still want to experience this magical country to the fullest, we recommend some itinerary that is right for you:

  1. 4 days tour in Classical Greece: Immerse yourself in the most famous places in Greece between the cities of Epidaurus, Mycenae, Olympia, Delphi and Meteora by discovering the UNESCO World Heritage monuments - Book online
  2. 5 days in the Cyclades Islands: dedicated to relaxation by moving between the most beautiful Cyclades Islands such as Santorini, Mykonos, Naxos and Paros, getting lost in picturesque villages and heavenly nature.
  3. Athens and the myths of Argolis: reserve a tour through the magical Athens, Corinth, Nuplia, Sparta, Olympia, Delphi and the Peloponnese moving among the ruins of ancient civilization, legends and modernity of contemporary cities - Book online
  4. 7 Days Archaeological Tour in Crete: discover the most mysterious island of Greece, the cradle of ancient history, discovering the cities of Heraklion, Sitia, Zaros, Phaistos, Rethymno, Chania and Knossos.

Where it is

It is located in thesouthern Europe in the extreme south of the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the north-east. To the east it is bathed by the Aegean Sea, to the south by the Cretan Sea and to the west by the Ionian Sea.

Travel informed: useful information

  • Inhabitants: 10 million
  • Capital: Athens (Αθήνα)
  • Languages: Greek
  • Local currency: EUR
  • Weather: Mediterranean on the coasts and islands with temperatures ranging from 10 ° in winter to 35 ° / 40 ° in summer. In the northern areas cold winters with temperatures around 3 ° and very hot summers even above 40 °
  • Travel / health insurance: recommended.

    What to do in Greece: activities, excursions and tours


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