Moscow has a great history behind it: it was, in fact, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, the reign of the Tsars of Muscovy, the Russian Empire and the USSR. Today, the capital of Russia, it is the country's financial, economic and cultural center. During your visit to this spectacular city, between Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral and the Kremlin, be sure to include the Tretyakov Gallery, the largest collection of Russian fine art in the world!
A museum that leaves all its visitors speechless, where each room contains works of inestimable value and beauty.
- What to see and how to visit Tretyakov Gallery
- Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan
- The morning of the Streltsy execution
- Composition VII
- Apotheosis of war
- The apparition of Christ
- The Trinity
- The girl with peaches
- Hours and prices
- Online tickets and guided tours
- User questions and comments
What to see and how to visit Tretyakov Gallery
The Gallery, which boasts about 190.000 works of art, is not only a museum, but also a real cultural and artistic center where exhibitions, events, workshops and conferences, concerts and film screenings for children and teenagers are held. adults and families.
The complex is divided into three different buildings: the Main Building, the Collection Storage and the Engineering Building.
In Main Building the masterpieces of Russian art from the th to the beginning of the th century are exhibited, temporary exhibitions and it is the place where all cultural events are held.
Il Collection Storage inside it has a warehouse equipped for the museum's collections and restoration laboratories.
Nell 'Engineering Buildingfinally, various events are held such as exhibitions and film screenings. In addition, it has separate access for workshops held in the Creative Studio and the conference room.
A new museum area is expected to open in 2020.
But now, let's find out together what the 10 works to see at the Tretyakov Gallery.
1 - Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan
This painting shows the moment in which Tsar Ivan IV, nicknamed The Terrible, kills his son Ivan, on November 16, 1581 (a historical event, however not entirely ascertained). In the painting, the Czar can be seen with terror in his eyes as he squeezes his son's lifeless body.
- Author: Ilya Repin
- Date: 1885
2 - Rainbow
In this painting you can see a stormy, threatening, brutal sea. The large waves, painted in an absolutely realistic way, submerge the ship in the background, forcing the crew to board the small lifeboats in order to save their lives.
- Author: Ivan Ajvazovsky
- Date: 1873
3 - The morning of the Streltsy execution
This painting has as its subject the attempted Streltsy revolt of 1698 which took place in front of the Kremlin walls. Revolt, however, which ended in failure, resulting in the execution of the rebels.
- Author: Vasily Surikov
- Date: 1881
4 - Unknown
This oil on canvas sees a woman as the protagonist, whose identity is unknown (hence the title of the painting). The painting was initially met with numerous criticisms, above all because the woman is represented with a haughty attitude, defined by many critics of the immoral age. Its popularity has grown over the years.
- Author: Ivan Kramskoj
- Date: 1883
5 - Alionushka
This painting has as its protagonist a young peasant woman, orphaned and abandoned by everyone. In his gaze you can perceive all his sadness. The choice of the autumn setting and the colors of nature accentuate even more this sense of great loneliness that the girl feels.
- Author: Viktor Vasnetsov
- Date: 1881
6 - Composition VII
The Gallery exhibits Composition VII by Kandinskij, one of the greatest and best-known abstract painters in the world. Small curiosity: this work was painted after the preparation of more than 30 sketches and drawings.
- Author: Vasily Kandinsky
- Date: 1913
7 - Apotheosis of the war
Vereshchagin dedicated his painting "to all great conquerors, past, present and future". He painted the work while in Munich, Germany, following his travels with the Russian imperial army in Central Asia. In fact, the main subject of this painting is a large mountain of skulls, referring to the victories over the Mongols.
- Author: Vasily Vereshchagin
- Date: 1871
8 - The apparition of Christ
This painting, 540 x 750 centimeters large, has been called Alexander Ivanov's masterpiece. It took him twenty years to complete. The moment represented is that in which Jesus arrives at the Jordan River, where John the Baptist was baptizing a group of faithful.
- Author: Alexander Ivanov
- Date: 1837/1857
9 - The Trinity
This work, also called "Abraham's Hospitality", was considered the Icon of Icons during the Council of Hundred Chapters (Ecclesiastical Council of 1551 in Moscow). The moment represented is that in which the Trinity (on the left God, in the center Jesus, on the right the Holy Spirit) appears to Abraham to promise him an offspring.
- Author: Andrei Rublev
- Date: 1422
10 - The girl with peaches
This painting is considered the first painting of Russian Impressionism, as well as being one of the most famous by the painter Serov. The girl protagonist of the work is Vera Mamontova, daughter of the Russian entrepreneur Savva Mamontov.
- Author: Valentin Serov
- Date: 1887
Hours and prices
- open Tuesday, Wednesday and Sunday from 10:00 to 18:00 and Thursday, Friday and Saturday from 10:00 to 21:00; closed on Mondays.
- Best time to avoid queues: the greatest turnout is during the central hours of the day. We therefore advise you to visit the museum during the first two hours of opening or towards closing and, above all, to buy the ticket online to avoid the queue at the ticket office.
- the full ticket costs 500,00 RUB (approximately € 7,00).
- Reductions: not provided, all reductions are aimed at Russian citizens or citizens of the CIS (community of independent states).
- Free: free for under 18s.
Online tickets and guided tours
Useful tips for visiting the attraction
- Get up early: being one of the most famous and visited museums in Moscow, we recommend that you go at least one hour before opening.
- Buy the city card: admission to the State Tretyakov Gallery is free if you have the Moscow CityPass. This pass includes free admission to 40 museums, skip-the-line admission to the most popular attractions, discounts in shops and restaurants, one day ticket for the hop-on hop-off tourist bus, the Moscow river cruise, discount on rental of cars and bicycles. The price varies based on the duration, ranging from one day (€ 49,00) to 5 days (€ 139,00).
- Priority ticket: if you have the City Pass you are entitled to priority entrance to the Gallery or buy the ticket online to avoid the long line at the ticket office.
- Watch out for restrictions: you must follow the control and security procedures at the entrance; photographs can only be taken for personal use (for commercial use it is necessary to agree with the Gallery); minors under 14 must be accompanied by an adult; deposit bulky bags, coats and umbrellas; it is forbidden to bring any liquid, including water and various bottled drinks.
- Minimum time: it will take you from two to three hours to visit the Gallery at its best.
Where is it and how to get there
- On foot: the State Tretyakov Gallery is located at 10 Lavrushinski Ln, in the Zamoskvarec'e district - Get directions
- By bus: the nearest stop is "Tret'yakovskaya Station", where the m5 bus passes
- By metro: the Galleria is about 5 minutes walk from the Tret'yakovskaya metro stop, where trams 3, 39 and A also pass.
Historical notes and curiosities: what to know in brief
The Gallery was founded in 1856, but it only began to establish itself in 1892, thanks also to the great help of the Russian financier Pavel Tretyakov, who, in that year, donated his house, some buildings of his property and about 2.000 works.
After the Revolution, the museum was nationalized and the collection became more and more consistent, up to the present day, with 190.000 works of art.
The main objective of the museum is to explore, preserve and disseminate Russian art, in order to shape and strengthen a true Russian cultural identity.
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