A trip to Rome certainly cannot be said to be complete without a visit to the ancient heart of the Eternal City, namely the majestic archaeological complex of the Roman Forum.
Generally the visit to the Roman Forum also includes the Palatine Hill and the nearby Colosseum. To organize it, we invite you to follow our advice.
But before setting out to discover one of the most famous and visited archaeological sites in the world, we must ask ourselves: what is the Roman Forum? Below is a brief description with curiosity and historical notes.
- Hours and prices
- Online tickets and guided tours
- What to see and how to visit the Roman Forum
- Where is it and how to get there
- Useful tips for visiting the attraction
- User questions and comments
Hours and prices
- every day 08: 30-17: 00 from the last Sunday in October to the last Saturday in March; 08: 30-19: 00 from the last Sunday of March to 30 September; 08: 30-18: 30 from October 1st to the last Saturday of October; 1 May 9: 00-15: 00; 2 June 13: 30-19: 15; closed December 25th; Open January 1st from 10am to 00pm
- Best time to avoid queues: at opening and at lunchtime
- € 16,00 (cumulative: also includes visit to the Colosseum and Palatine Hill and is valid for 2 days) - buy online with guide and skip-the-line admission
- Reductions: € 9,50 for citizens of the European Union between 18 and 24 and for teachers from the European Union.
- Free: all citizens belonging to the European Union, under the age of 18, handicapped and one of their family members or carers. All other gratuities here.
- Ticket offices: Palatino (Via di San Gregorio, Get directions). Roman Forum (Largo della Salara Vecchia, Get directions). Colosseum (Piazza del Colosseo, Get Directions). Alternatively, you can buy the ticket online or at Palazzo Altemps and the Museum of the Baths of Diocletian (pre-sale supplement € 2,00).
Online tickets and guided tours
What to see and how to visit the Roman Forum
In the culture of Ancient Rome, the Forum represented the political, religious and commercial center of an inhabited center. Clearly the most important of all the forums was that of Rome. The Roman Forum develops at the foot of the Palatine Hill, in the valley between this, the Campidoglio and the Quirinale: this area, originally occupied by an extensive swamp, became the nerve center of city life towards the end of the seventh century BC, after having been reclaimed with drainage and with the construction of a canal, the Cloaca Maxima, directed to the Tiber.
The Roman Forum basically it has kept its original structure intact. It consists of a trapezoidal square, located between the Regia and the Rostri, on the short sides, and the two basilicas Emilia and Giulia on the long ones.
1 - The Via Sacra and the original basilicas
In the beginning the Forum was crossed, in the direction of the Capitol, by the Via Sacra and dotted with temples and sanctuaries, such as those of Saturn or the Dioscuri. Solodopo were built meeting places called basilicas (but which have nothing to do with the current Christian basilicas), political meetings and drafting of judicial documents were held here, but also activities not related to administrative life, as evidenced by the Tabulae lusoriae, game boards for dice, marbles and more present in the steps of the portico of the Basilica Giulia. Today it is possible to admire the ruins of the Via Sacra by entering from the entrance on Via dei Fori imperiali.
2 - The Curia area
Going up the Via Sacra you will find the Curia, the place dedicated to the meetings of the Senate, originally built by Tullo Ostilio but rebuilt several times over the centuries. It was Julius Caesar who rebuilt it in its current position. Opposite is the Comitium, a square dedicated to assemblies and under the paving there are the oldest monuments of Rome, such as the sanctuary of Vulcano (Volcanal).
3 - The Triumphal Arch of Settimo Severus
The triumphal arch, a monumental structure characteristic of the Roman world, delimits the Comizio square. It was used for a purification ritual whenever the army returned victorious from a battle. Passing under the arch and setting foot on the sacred ground of Rome, the army and the general who had led it were purified from the blood of the enemies.
4 - The side facing the Capitol and the Piazza del Foro
On the slopes of the Capitol there are other important buildings including the Temple of Concord, the Temple of Vespasian and the Temple of Saturn. Nearby is the Piazza del Foro where the Colonna di Foca stands. In this area there are also the Rostra, that is the tribune where the oratories who addressed the crowd gathered in the Comitium were positioned.
5 - The area near the slopes of the Palatine
In this area there are important monuments such as the temple dedicated to Caesar, the remains of one of the triumphal arches dedicated to Augustus and the remains of the aforementioned Basilica Giulia. Behind the Arch of Augustus stood the Temple of Vesta and, behind it, the House of the Vestals, or the residence of the priestesses inside which the "perennial flame" burned. On the opposite side is the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, and in front of it the Regia, home of King Numa Pompilius. Among the other monuments we have the Tempio del Divo Romolo, the ruins of the Basilica of Maxentius, finally the Arch of Titus.
Where is it and how to get there
- On foot: in the center of Rome. 6 minutes walk from Via dei Fori Imperiali, 13 minutes from the Colosseum, 14 minutes from the Trevi Fountain - Get directions
- By bus: lines n. 30, 46, 75, 81, 83, 87, 175, 673.
- By metro: the closest stop is "Colosseo", along line B. This is about 12 minutes walk from the archaeological area.
Useful tips for visiting the attraction
- InputsThere are three, one in Via della Salara Vecchia 5/6, at the height of Via dei Fori Imperiali in front of Via Cavour (Get directions); one in Via di San Gregorio - Palatino (Get directions), one in Via Sacra, in front of the Arch of Titus (Get directions).
- Get up early: the Roman Forum, together with the Colosseum, is one of the most visited monuments in the city of Rome, it is advisable to go there very early, when the ticket office opens (the one in via di San Gregorio al Palatino is usually the least crowded).
- Buy the city card: Roma Pass is the tourist-cultural card of the capital that offers economic benefits and services to tourists. By purchasing it, you can access the Colosseum + Palatine / Roman Forum complex for free without queuing.
- Priority ticket: You can book the ticket to access without queuing, at a cost of € 2,00, at n. 06 39967700 (for a fee and exclusively by credit card) or online here.
- Minimum time: we advise you to consider at least a couple of hours to visit the entire complex of the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill.
- Security measures: it is forbidden to introduce camping backpacks, bulky bags and suitcases / trolleys, while medium and small shoulder backpacks can be introduced, which must be subjected, like any other bag, to the control with the metal detector.
- Accessibility for the disabled: there is an elevator and an elevator that allow you to overcome the difference in height of about 6,50 meters between the road surface and the Roman Forum. The first is located near the entrance to Via della Salaria Vecchia (Get directions) the second at the Arco di Tito (Get directions). There are also suitable toilets on the site.
- Dating older monuments: The most ancient monuments date back to the second half of the 509th century BC; others date back to the beginning of the Republic ( BC) such as the Temple of Saturn and the temple of the Dioscuri; still others date back to the th century BC as the first tribune of the oratories, while in the nd century BC the four basilicas were built, intended for the administration of justice and the conduct of business.
- Abandonment and subsequent recovery: with the decline of the Roman Empire the area was abandoned and remained buried for a long time under a layer of earth, becoming a grazing area known as Campo Vaccino. During the Renaissance the area used as a marble and stone quarry, and it was only in the eighteenth century that the recovery work began which brought to light the immense archaeological heritage.
- The death of Julius Caesar: In March 44 BC Julius Caesar was killed during the meeting of the Senate in the Curia, but in reality the place of execution was not the well-known building of the Forum. In fact, at that time, restoration works were underway at the Curia del Foro, therefore the meetings took place in the distant Theater of Pompey.
- Flowers in memory of Julius Caesar: inside the Forum is the Temple dedicated to Julius Caesar, inside which bouquets of flowers are still placed in his memory by unknown people.