A trip to Rome is not complete if it does not have the Pantheon in its itinerary. This immense basilica is more than 2.000 years old and contains the tombs of some of the most important personalities in Italian history, including the kings of Italy and Raffaello Sanzio. Every year it attracts thousands of tourists, curious to see the plays of light that take place inside thanks to the circular window on the roof.
Below you will find everything you need to know about how to get there and what to see inside the Pantheon.
- Hours and prices
- Online tickets and guided tours
- Where is it and how to get there
- What to see and how to visit the Pantheon in Rome
- Useful tips for visiting the attraction
- Historical notes, curiosities and practical info: what to know in brief
- User questions and comments
Hours and prices
Visiting the basilica is very simple, since it is always open. During the week the Pantheon respects a open all day from morning to evening, while on holidays it is only open for half a day.
- Mon-Sat 8: 30-19: 30. Sun 9: 00-18: 00. Midweek holidays: 9: 00-13: 30
- Best time to avoid queues: at opening and at lunchtime
- More Info: the Basilica is closed on January 1st, May 1st and December 25th
Online tickets and guided tours
Where is it and how to get there
The Pantheon is in a fairly central location and can be easily reached in different ways; however, the narrow streets of the historic center do not allow surface transport to arrive in the immediate vicinity of the basilica, so you will still have to walk a bit.
- On foot: from Largo di Torre Argentina walk on Via di Torre Argentina and continue on Via della Rotonda for 400 meters - Get directions
- By bus: n ° 30, 40, 62, 64, 81, 87 and 492 up to Largo di Torre Argentina. Continue on foot on Via di Torre Argentina and Via della Rotonda.
- By metro: take the underground line A, get off at "Barberini" and continue on foot along Via del Tritone until Largo Chigi. Turn onto Via del Corso and Via del Caravita until you reach the destination.
What to see and how to visit the Pantheon in Rome
Among the buildings that tell the magnificence of the history of Imperial Rome, the Pantheon is fully included, one of the historical monuments in the center of the capital. Built around 27 BC, it underwent two fires and several renovations, but still today it is expressed in all its grandeur, welcoming and wonderful all the visitors who cross the huge door.
Consisting of 16 Corinthian columns and a high hemispherical dome, inside the Temple, later converted into a Basilica, it turns out to be an apparently empty place, but in reality rich in masterpieces of art and architecture. Aided by the effect of emptiness and darkness is the presence of a single source of light in the building: a hole placed on the top of the dome with a diameter of 9 meters.
The Pantheon is open every day from 9:00 to 19:00, with the exception of January 1st, August 15th and December 25th. To better enjoy this place and to discover all its parts and history, we recommend the 35-minute tour of the Pantheon with audio guide! Structure it consists of several areas:
- Pronaos and main door: the entrance to the Pantheon is truly majestic. It consists of several columns and a large bronze door
- Dome: the focal point of the structure, with the hole in the top from which the light enters. We recommend visiting this place at noon, the sun's rays are stronger and create a wonderful play of light
- Niches: inside the Pantheon there are seven niches, each of which lies between two Corinthian columns. In Roman times they represented the deities, with the conversion to a Christian basilica they were used to host altars dedicated to Christian martyrs
Useful tips for visiting the attraction
- Get up early: in order not to run into crowds, the ideal would be to arrive early in the morning, before 10:00.
- Book your visit: even if there are no priority tickets, since until now the entrance to the Pantheon has always been free, you have the possibility to book your visit, in order to have a guide available that will tell you step by step what see inside the structure.
- Watch out for restrictions: even if it doesn't seem like it, the Pantheon is still a Basilica, so all the rules for a place of worship must be respected. So be careful with your clothing and mute the phone before entering.
- Minimum time: the time to visit the Pantheon is very relative, but for an optimal visit try to spend at least half an hour. It doesn't seem like it at first glance, but there is so much to see.
Historical notes, curiosities and practical info: what to know in brief
Visiting the Pantheon is a real experience: enter it circular basilica, which contains within it centuries of history is something indescribable that can only remotely be told. Symbol of Rome for more than 2.000 years, when it was built by Agrippa as a Temple for the twelve Gods, it is the only building in the city that has remained practically intact despite the passing of the centuries. With the passing of time this ancient pagan temple passed into the hands of the Church, which used it as a Christian basilica. First of all was Pope Boniface IV, who in 608 had the remains of Christian martyrs placed inside the Pantheon, making it the basilica of Santa Maria ad Martyres.
In addition to all this, the Pantheon also has several peculiarities that you absolutely must not miss:
- In the center of the roof you will find the Oculus, the circular window that made the Pantheon so famous. This gigantic opening transformed the basilica into a real one solar temple, Complete with astrological phenomena that happen during specific times of the year, such as during the summer solstice.
- In ancient times the Pantheon was equipped with two bell towers, nicknamed "donkey ears" by the Romans, then eliminated after the unification of Italy.
- The roof of the Pantheon it had a bronze roof which was later removed by order of Pope Urban Barberini, to be used in the construction of the canopy of San Pietro, made by Bernini.