United States and Covid19, when will you be able to travel to America?

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Lluis Enric Mayans
@lluisenricmayans
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

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Index

  • The pandemic in the United States
  • Return to travel to the United States: latest Covid-19 updates

Infection with coronavirus o Covid-19 he certainly did not spare the United States which, together with Brazil, are the most affected country globally with over 5 million cases and more than 754.429 victims. The world economy and especially the tourism sector inevitably suffered as many countries have closed their national borders.



Following the arrival of the vaccine, after almost 2 years it is currently possible to return to travel to the United States under certain conditions.

The pandemic in the United States

In the United States, the first official case of a person suffering from Covid-19 was recorded on January 20, 2020. It was a boy returning from Wuhan a few days earlier, who then tested positive. Since that day, there have been several cases of people infected abroad due to business or study trips.
At the end of January, the White House set up an Operations Unit to manage the health emergency and consequently restrictions were imposed on citizens from China. On February 26, however, a case of internal contagion was certified for the first time, that is, of a person who had not traveled outside the United States. In March, the main American outbreak broke out in New York City, the epicenter of the pandemic for several months.
The evolution of the virus has not stopped on American territory, despite the social distancing, the adoption of safety devices and the imposition of various lockdowns. In August 2020, all 50 Federation states had at least one case, and in the summer, the largest outbreaks moved south, affecting mostly California, Texas, Florida, Georgia, Virginia, South Carolina and Louisiana. There was no lack of controversy against President Trump, accused by the media and public opinion of having underestimated the emergency, thus contributing to the spread of the coronavirus in the country.



The closure of the borders in March 2020

As everyone knows by now, the Covid-19 pandemic in Spain began at the end of February with the first outbreaks in Lombardy and Veneto, and then spread to the remaining regions of our country. As a result of the national lockdown, all domestic and international flights were canceled for months and it became almost impossible to travel to Europe and the rest of the world.
Meanwhile, on 11 March 2020, the Trump administration issued a notice communicating the suspension of any flight from European countries. With this temporary resolution, which entered into force on March 13, it was forbidden to enter the United States for tourists who in the previous 14 days had stayed in the states of the Schengen zone, including Spain. To these were added China and Iran and from 16 March the ban was also extended to citizens of Ireland and the United Kingdom. However, the closure of the borders did not include European students involved in the various intercultural exchange programs.
From that moment it has therefore become extremely complicated to move to the United States. In fact, the Spanish government has always recommended moving only for proven family, work or extreme urgency needs. American tourism has thus suffered a severe setback, the consequences of which are still visible today.

Travel restrictions between Spain and the United States: the situation in August 2020

Unfortunately, in August 2020 the situation did not change with regard to travel to and from the United States. With the new DPCM of 7 August 2020, the Spanish authorities have clarified in which countries travel is allowed.


The United States is not specifically mentioned and therefore falls into the Rest of the World category. Movements in the directions of these countries are permitted only in case of obvious reasons of necessity (study, work, health, return to one's home) and not for simple tourism. Therefore, leisure travel is banned and to return to Spain it is still necessary to undergo voluntary isolation and health surveillance. Furthermore, it is essential to fill in a self-declaration in which you must specify the reason for the return to our country, indicating the final destination (to be reached only by private vehicle or plane).


On the other side of the Atlantic, the American government still maintains the ban enacted in March in force and for this reason it is not possible to enter the country if in the previous 2 weeks one has passed through Spain or the rest of Europe.

Last spring, applications for the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA), the authorization that allows you to stay in the United States for a period of less than 90 days, were suspended. Applications were then rolled back regularly in July. Even if you will not be able to enter the United States, you will still have the opportunity to obtain the ESTA which will be valid for 2 years or until the passport coupled with the document expires.

However, attention must be paid to the new notice issued by the White House, with which new restrictions have been imposed for certain categories of visas. The June 22 note suspended some types of entry visas such as H2020B, J and L.


Currently, only US residents and US citizens, including their parents, children, spouses, and siblings under the age of 21, are eligible to enter the United States. In any case, these people can take advantage of a limited number of flights and airports.

Return to travel to the United States: latest Covid-19 updates

U.S. Air Traveler Requirements effective November 8, 2021

Beginning November 8, 2021, before boarding a flight to the United States from a foreign country, all air passengers 2 years of age or older must present a negative COVID-19 viral test result to the airline or certify one. the recovery in the last 90 days if he had contracted the virus. Air passengers will also be required to confirm in the form of a certificate that the information presented is true.


If you are fully vaccinated the viral test must be conducted on a sample taken no more than 3 days before the departure of the flight. If, on the other hand, you are not fully vaccinated, the swab must be carried out no more than 1 day before departure.
If you have recently recovered from COVID-19 you can travel with COVID-19 recovery documentation, which is a positive viral test result taken no more than 90 days prior to departure and a letter from a licensed health care practitioner or officer of the public health attesting that you have been authorized to travel.

When are you considered fully vaccinated to travel to the US?

  • 2 weeks (14 days) after the dose of an accepted single-dose vaccine;
  • 2 weeks (14 days) after the second dose of an accepted 2-dose series;
  • 2 weeks (14 days) after receiving the full set of an accepted COVID-19 vaccine (not placebo) in a clinical trial;
  • 2 weeks (14 days) after receiving a full set of a Novavax (or Covavax) COVID-19 vaccine (not placebo) in a Phase 3 clinical trial;
  • 2 weeks (14 days) after receiving 2 doses of any mix-and-match combination of accepted COVID-19 vaccines administered at least 17 days apart.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have determined that, for purposes of entry to the United States, accepted vaccines will include those approved or licensed by the FDA and vaccines on the Emergency Use List (EUL) of the World Health Organization (WHO): these currently include Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, but also vaccines such as AstraZeneca (emergency list).

DATA, The vaccine arrives in America

 “I do this to show that people need to be ready, once it's available, to get the vaccine. There is nothing to worry about. I can't wait to take the second dose ”: these were the words expressed by President Biden after taking the first dose of the Pfizer / BioNtech vaccine on December 21, 2020 on live TV. According to the president, this is only a first step towards finally ending the pandemic that has hit the whole world, including the unstoppable America; certainly this demonstration had a strong impact not only nationally, but internationally, as the aim is to encourage people who are clearly hesitant.

 

 


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