Travel to Turkey: useful information, safety and recommended itineraries

Who I am
Lluis Enric Mayans
@lluisenricmayans
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

A state straddling Eastern Europe and Western Asia with roots in Greek, Byzantine and Ottoman culture, Turkey is a very interesting country, rich in history and culture.
Cosmopolitan Istanbul, modern Ankara, towns on the Turquoise coast and beautiful Cappadocia attract many tourists every year.
But where exactly is this country located? And what do you need to know before leaving? If you are thinking of setting out to discover this magnificent place, here are all you need to know before organizing a travel to Turkey: useful information, safety and recommended itineraries.



Index

  1. Travel informed: useful information
  2. Where it is
  3. Security, visa and necessary documents
  4. 11 Days Itinerary: Istanbul and Turkish Coast Gulet Cruise
  5. 9-day itinerary: Istanbul and Cappadocia
  6. Travel to Turkey: flights, costs, best time and advice
  7. User questions and comments

Travel informed: useful information

  • Inhabitants: 77.695.904
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Languages: Turkish and Kurdish
  • Local currency: New Turkish Lira (TRY) / € 1,00 = TRY 6,43
  • Weather: Mediterranean-continental type, with hot summers and temperate winters on the coast but cold in the interior; temperatures are between 5/11 ° in winter and 22/30 ° in summer; the rains are concentrated mainly between December and January.
  • Time zone: + 1h compared to Italy
  • Travel / health insurance: recommended.

    Where it is


    Turkey occupies a very large territory, of almost 780.000 Km2, crossed by important rivers such as the Euphrates and the Kizilirmak.
    Located between Asia and Europe, borders Georgia and Armenia to the north-east, Iraq and Syria to the south-east, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east and Greece and Bulgaria to the north-west; instead it is washed to the north by the Black Sea, to the south-west and west by the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.



    Security, visa and necessary documents

    • Entry requirements: an identity card suitable for expatriation is sufficient, in paper or electronic format, in conditions of perfect integrity and with a residual validity of at least 5 months, for those who enter Turkey by air and sea or by land or rail from Greek and Bulgarian border; if you enter Turkey by land and rail from the borders of south-east Turkey, a passport with a residual validity of at least 5 months is required; entry visa not required for tourist reasons for a maximum period of 90 days within 180 days
    • vaccinations: no vaccination required.
    • Restrictions: the import of hashish and prepared opium, silkworm eggs, any type of soil, leaf, stem, straw and natural fertilizer used for agricultural purposes is prohibited; It is forbidden to take photos in military areas, military buildings or during political rallies and demonstrations
    • Safety: in recent times Turkey has been the scene of numerous terrorist attacks, including in very popular places such as nightclubs, restaurants and hotels in major cities and tourist destinations; not to go to areas considered to be of high risk, such as the areas bordering Syria and Iraq; always maintain a vigilant and attentive and decorous behavior in respect of the country in which you are located; before leaving, we recommend that you always consult the official website of the Farnesina, in the Turkey section
    • Useful Tips: have a private health insurance to be taken out before departure; avoid uninhabited roads and stay on the best known and main ones; do not accept offers from unknown people met on the street; register your travel details in the "doveesiamonelmondo" section of the Farnesina

    11 Days Itinerary: Istanbul and Turkish Coast Gulet Cruise



    1. First day: arrival in Istanbul, hotel accommodation and evening visit of the city
    2. Second day: Istanbul city center tour to visit Sultanahmet Old Quarter, Hagia Sophia Cathedral, Blue Mosque and Grand Bazaar
    3. Third day: visit of the Spice Market, the Rustempasa Mosque and excursion of the Bosphorus by boat to admire Istanbul from the water and see the "border line" between Asia and Europe
    4. Fourth day: transfer to airport, flight to Bodrum and welcome on board the gulet; possibility to visit the center and to become familiar with the boat
    5. Fifth day: start of navigation towards the island of Orak where you can dive into clear and crystalline waters; continue towards the port of Cokertme, a small fishing village where it docks for the night
    6. Sixth day: departure at dawn towards the "Seven Islands", an area with several islets where you can swim, dive or go down to walk in the pine forests; before sunset we reach the English port where we dock for the night
    7. Seventh day: navigation to the island of Sedir with the famous Cleopatra beach characterized by clear sand and crystal clear waters; then we reach the village of Karacasogut a delightful village not too far from Marmaris
    8. Eighth day: departure for the Bay of Longoz where you can swim or go down to the coast to walk in the woods; afternoon and night in Tuzla Bay
    9. Ninth day: navigation to first reach Kargili Bay for a dip and then continue to Kisebuku where it docks to visit the remains of the Byzantine monasteries and spend the night
    10. Tenth day: departure for Pabucburnu stop for a dip, then continue to Yaliciftlik bay for other baths and in the evening return to Bodrum for the last night in a caique
    11. Eleventh day: Transfer to the airport and return to Italy

    How much? Price details

    • Price per person starting from: € 1.100,00 per person
    • The price includes: transfers to and from airports, domestic flight Istanbul-Bodrum, 3 nights in hotel in Istanbul, 2 collective tours in Istanbul, 1 week of gulet including board and lodging in double cabin
    • The fee does not include: the flight from Italy to Istanbul, meals not indicated, drinks during the week on the gulet

    9-day itinerary: Istanbul and Cappadocia



    1. First day: arrival in Istanbul, transfer to the hotel and free evening for the city
    2. Second day: tour of ancient Istanbul, visit to the ancient district of Sultanahmet, the Hagia Sophia Cathedral, the Blue Mosque and the Grand Bazaar. free dinner and an overnight stay in hotel
    3. Third day: visit to the Spice Market, the Rustempasa Mosque and excursion to the Bosphorus by boat to admire Istanbul from the water and see the "border line" between Asia and Europe
    4. Fourth day: departure at dawn, transfer to the airport and internal flight to Cappadocia; visit to the Devrent Valley, the Pasabag Valley with its famous fairy chimneys, lunch in Kizilirmak and continuation to Goreme; last stop at Uchisar castle and hotel accommodation
    5. Fifth day: visit of the Red Valley, the ancient Greek village of Cavusin and then you reach the Pigeon Valley with the underground city of Kaymakli; arrival in Ortahisr, accommodation and overnight
    6. Sixth day: day dedicated to the discovery of the Ilhara region, visit to the city of Deerinkuyu, walk in the great canyon and afternoon at the Selime Monastery
    7. Seventh day: transfer by car from Cappadocia to Hierapolis and then to Pamukkale famous for its hot springs
    8. Eighth day: departure early in the morning towards Afrodisias, visit of ancient Ephesus and finally Izmir
    9. Ninth day: after breakfast, transfer to the airport and return to Italy

    How much? Price details

    • Price per person starting from: € 1.300,00 per person
    • The price includes: transfers to and from airports, domestic flight Istanbul-Cappadocia, 3 nights in Istanbul with breakfast, 5 nights in Cappadocia with breakfast, tour of Istanbul and Cappadocia tour, transfer by car to Izmir
    • The fee does not include: flights to and from Italy, lunches and dinners, visit by balloon (optional), Dervish show (optional)

    Travel to Turkey: flights, costs, best time and advice

    Turkey is a rather cheap country, although the prices in July and August, the high season, are higher than in other months.
    Overnight stays have an average cost of € 30,00 per night per person and the cost of a meal is around € 15,00.
    The excursions, on the other hand, are quite expensive, for example the Cappadocia balloon tour costs around € 160,00.
    For the visit of the country, especially in Cappadocia, yes recommends buying tours organized so that you are accompanied by local expert guides.

    • Minimum period for a tour in Turkey: 8 days
    • Recommended cities for base: Istanbul, Bodrum, Goreme, Ortahisr, Pammukale
    • Getting around: to move from one area to another there are excellent internal air links that allow you not to waste too much time; Istanbul can be visited on foot, by taxi and by ferry; on the coast the ideal is to participate in excursions or holidays in a caique and in Cappadocia you can rent a car or take part in organized tours
    • Flights: Istanbul can be reached from Milan, Rome and Naples with direct scheduled flights "Pegasus", "Alitalia" and "Turkish" (flights from € 200,00 in low season, from € 350,00 in high season); internal flights connecting Istanbul with various cities in Turkey are almost always operated by "Pegasus" and "Turkish" (from € 38,00 in low season, from € 68,00 in high season). Flights starting from € 200,00 -
    • Accommodations and accommodations: Istanbul offers different solutions for sleeping, from simple hotels to luxury hotels; on the coast there are many resorts and tourist villages while in Cappadocia you can choose to sleep in simple pensions or typical hotels carved into the rock. Hotel and b & b starting from € 65,00 per room -


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