Travel and health: what to do before leaving abroad?

Who I am
Lluis Enric Mayans

Author and references

Millions of people travel every year for work, study, tourism and many, taking advantage of low-cost flights, they reach the most varied tourist destinations.
When you travel abroad you meet different cultures and habits from ours, but also many unknown microorganisms that, precisely because they are such, they can infect the person and make him a vehicle of diseases for relatives and friends when he returns home.
To prevent the holiday from becoming one unpleasant adventure for the whole family it is necessary to take the necessary precautions. When planning your trip, in addition to the destination and traditions of the country you are going to visit, you need to know if there are any endemic infections, if you have to take certain precautions and if you need to make vaccinations.
Another important thing to know is whether there is a guarantee on thewater safety, food and environmental conditions. Important information can be acquired by consulting the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In some countries it is mandatory to present the vaccination certificate according to current legislation. It is important to remember that some vaccines are not mandatory but, for your own safety (and that of the whole family) it is advisable to carry them out. Before deciding on a particular destination abroad, it is advisable to ask for a consult your doctor trust to decide which prophylactic strategies to adopt: some countries, due to particular environmental conditions or for certain vaccine and / or pharmacological prophylaxis, are contraindicated in case of pregnancy or pharmacological therapies in progress.
This list shows the risk factors and the diseases that can be encountered:


  1. Risk factors and associated diseases
  2. What to do if you get sick abroad
  3. User questions and comments

Risk factors and associated diseases

  • Exposures to animals: rabies, plague, tularemia, anthrax, leptospirosis
  • Anthropod stings and bites: fever, malaria, tularemia, filariasis, leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, trypanosomiasis, rickettsiosis
  • Sexual intercourse: syphilis, HIV, hepatitis B, gonorrhea, soft ulcer
  • Ingestion of untreated water: enteritis, amoebiasis, salmonellosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis E
  • Bathing in fresh water: leptospirosis, schistosomiasis
  • Consumption of raw or undercooked foods: viral gastroenteritis, toxoplasmosis, trichinosis, hepatitis A, cholera
  • Unpasteurized milk: salmonellosis, brucellosis, listeriosis

What to do if you get sick abroad

Before leaving for a Trip abroad, in a country of the European Union, you have to take a look at your own Health insurance card (the Regional Service Card): check that it has not expired, that it shows the writing European Health Insurance Card and that the personal data indicated are accurate. Otherwise, a request must be made to theInland Revenue. It is also good to inquire about the health situation of the country you want to visit at one of the various medical centers and institutions in Italy. Getting informed is therefore the main rule for organizing a trip abroad well: you can travel peacefully only if you know what you are going to meet and if you have taken all the right information precautions to stay healthy.

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