According to legend, Odysseus he succeeded with his cunning to put an end to Trojan War. At the end of the conflict, the hero embarked on the journey back home, but at the behest of the gods, the latter turned out to be longer and more troubled than expected, so much so as to postpone the return to Ithaca.
Throughout history, scholars from every nation and culture have come and gone who, in different eras, have tried to identify which were the real places that have been the background to such epic events.
Today there are many theories on the correspondence between fantasy places descitti from Homer and places that actually existed or still exist; this has helped to fuel a particularly fervent competition among the many localities, more or less known, which claim paternity.
However, most historians agree in identifying the Mediterranean Sea as a scenario ofOdyssey. Let's see together what are the probable ones stages of the journey of Ulysses in this "mythological" itineraio.
- Mount Etna: the cave of the giant Polyphemus
- The Aeolian Islands: the home of the God of the Winds
- The Circeo Promontory: the land of the Circe sorceress
- The Faraglioni of Capri: the threat of the Sirens
- The Strait of Messina: the monsters Scilla and Cariddi
- User questions and comments
Mount Etna: the cave of the giant Polyphemus
Giant man lives here, what a long way
He fed solingo sheep.
He lived apart from everyone,
And unfair things in the raw mind
Covava ... In the poem, Ulysses dared to challenge the Greek gods on more than one occasion. He succeeded with a clever stratagem ad to trick and blind the cyclops Polyphemus, son of the god of the seas Poseidon.
The giant lived inside a dark cave, according to many inspired by the Etna volcano.
In fact, the area adjacent to the volcano still in activity today, presents several similarities with the territory where Polyphemus used to take his flock of sheep to pasture.
The Aeolian Islands: the home of the God of the Winds
We arrived in Aeolia, where the delight
To the immortal gods of Hippota,
Aeolus, lived on a floating island ... The wonderful Aeolian islands, also known as the Lipari islands, are today among the most beautiful tourist destinations that the Sicily offers its visitors. The history of the archipelago is deeply linked to myth of the God Aeolus.
The deity, whose abode was presumably located on the island of Stromboli, offered hospitality toAchaean hero for a month and finally gave him as a gift an ox skin skin that contained the winds against navigation, in order to finally allow him to return to his native land. Due to some of the crew members blinded by jealousy, the wineskin unleashed the winds further delaying the return home.
The Circeo Promontory: the land of the Circe sorceress
... Behold, and we reached the island Eèa,
where Circe lived, Circe with beautiful curls,
the mighty singing diva, who was Eeta's sister,
fierce-minded lord. Referred to as the birthplace of the Circe sorceress, Circeo Promontory, is one of the most evocative locations in the Tyrrhenian coast, known as the Riviera of Ulysses. Odysseus remained in this land for a year, fascinated by the charm of the sorceress who he turned his crew into swine.
The Faraglioni of Capri: the threat of the Sirens
You will reach the Sirens first,
Which fascinate anyone on their shores
With its prow sailing it touches according to some theory, it would be possible to identify the Faraglioni of Capri like the rocks in which the siren that with theirs singing they were able to bewitch the sailors causing shipwrecks and death. Indeed these wonderful rocky peaks they look like a glimpse coming from a mythological eraEtc.
The Strait of Messina: the monsters Scilla and Cariddi
… A dark cave opens, in front of which
You will have to pass rat: young archer ...
Scylla lodges there, which annoying cries .. Several fictional stories tell of sea monsters that populate the backdrops the Strait of Messina.
In ancient times, ships passing by the strait came destroyed from the strong sea currents, this led to the birth of the myths of Scilla e Charybdis.
Ulysses, during his journey, found himself having to face the two monsters; on that occasion the crew perished and his ship was destroyed.
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