The Places of Endangered Species in the world

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Lluis Enric Mayans

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Our world is changing every day, and from year to year there are more and more animals at risk of extinction in the globe. Habitat destruction, deforestation, climate change, poaching and illegal trade are all factors that compromise the existence of the animal species that populate our Earth day after day. Thousands of species are in danger of becoming extinct within a few years, and the alarm is getting stronger every year: in fact, various attempts are underway all over the world to try to safeguard as many species as possible. In today's article we find out what they are the species most at risk of extinction and in what areas of the world they are located.


  1. Big-nosed prolemurs, Madagascar
  2. Sumatran elephant, Indonesia
  3. Amur leopard, Siberia
  4. Javan rhino, Indonesia
  5. Otter, Italy
  6. Siberian Tiger, Siberia
  7. Saola, Laos
  8. Vaquita, Gulf of California
  9. Sumatran orangutan, Indonesia
  10. Neofocena of the Yangtze, China
  11. User questions and comments

Big-nosed prolemurs, Madagascar

Number of remaining specimens: About sixty in the wild, 150 in captivity

Info and curiosity:
Madagascar is considered as one of the countries with the richest ecological heritage: there are over 10.000 varieties of flowers and plants that you will find on this magnificent island, however, one of the symbolic animals of the island, the lemurs of Madagascar, are strong risk of extinction, having seen their population decreased by 80%. Among the lemur species most at risk of extinction, is the Big-nosed Prolemure, once spread throughout the Madagascar, now reduced to very few specimens, both due to deforestation and illegal hunting.

Sumatran elephant, Indonesia

Number of remaining specimens: About 2.000-2.500

Info and curiosity:
The Asian elephant is among the most endangered species in the world, especially the subspecies known as the Sumatran elephant. In the last 25 years, its population has shrunk by 80%, partly due to wild deforestation, which has made the areas in which the pachyderms have always lived unusable, and largely due to poaching, due to the preciousness of its ivory tusks.

Amur leopard, Siberia

Number of remaining specimens: about 30 specimens remained in the wild

Info and curiosity:
It is among the most endangered felines, and one of the rarest in the world. The habitat in which the Amur leopard it stretched from the forests of Russia through the northeastern part of China to the entire Korean peninsula. A rather large area, then due to massive deforestation, and the conversion of land for agriculture, has reduced their territory by over 80%; the rest was done by illegal hunting which led to a significant reduction in the number of living specimens, which are estimated to be about thirty, and which live in the cold forests of Siberia.

Javan rhino, Indonesia

Number of remaining specimens: About 50

Info and curiosity:
Exterminated during the colonial period, due to the high value of their horn, i rhinos of Java they are one of the five most endangered rhino species. The hundreds of rhinos that once lived between China and Vietnam are now shrinking dramatically. Today it is estimated that there are only about fifty left, living in a protected area, inside the Ujung Kulon National Park in Java, one of the most beautiful nature reserves in Indonesia.

Otter, Italy

Number of remaining specimens: About 200 specimens

Info and curiosity:
Not only in the world, but also in Italy we have to worry about several species that are at risk of extinction, among these we have the Otter, among the most endangered. The causes include pollution and degradation of river ecosystems, as well as the invasive presence of man. There are about 200 specimens left living in some areas of South (Basilicata, Calabria, Puglia) and del center-south (Molise and Abruzzo).

Siberian Tiger, Siberia

Number of remaining specimens: a few hundred specimens

Info and curiosity:
La Siberian tiger is a subspecies of tiger, widespread in a restricted geographical area of ​​the extreme southeastern part of Siberia, and its habitat is made up of mixed boreal and temperate forests. The main threat to its existence is given by hunting, due to its precious coat, however also the deforestation has caused the loss of much of the natural habitat of this magnificent creature, which is in constant danger of extinction.

Saola, Laos

Number of remaining specimens: the exact number is not known, probably between 20 and 100 specimens

Info and curiosity:
It is an animal unknown to most people (surely you have never heard of it), the Saola is ox of Vu Qang is one of the rarest mammals in the world, living in a small area between the Vu Quand Nature Reserve e Laos, , near the border with Vietnam. Its name means "tapered horns", it is also called "the Unicorn of Asia". Deforestation and wild hunting have reduced the population of this very rare animal to the bone, and its inability to live in captivity makes it difficult to protect.

Vaquita, Gulf of California

Number of remaining specimens: About 150-200

Info and curiosity:
It is a very rare species of porpoise (also known as Gulf of California porpoise), which lives in a narrow strip of sea in the Gulf of California. Despite the attempts to safeguard the species, still today many specimens die entangled in fishing nets, and due to the pollution of the seas.

Sumatran orangutan, Indonesia

Number of remaining specimens: About 3.000 specimens

Info and curiosity:
L'Sumatran orangutan it is the largest Asian primate, after man, and is the rarer of the two extant species of orangutan. It is characterized by a reddish hair, this animal lives in the rainforests of Indonesia but due to the numerous fires that destroy the forests to make room for the intensive cultivation of oil palms, their existence is increasingly at risk, andorangutan it has now become the symbol of deforestation and the disappearance of natural habitats.

Neofocena of the Yangtze, China

Number of remaining specimens: About 1.000-1.800

Info and curiosity:
Also known as the "giant water panda", it is one of the six species of porpoises, among the most endangered. The neofocena lives in the coastal areas of Asia (India, China, Indonesia, Japan) and this particular subspecies lives in the fresh waters of the Yangtze River, feeding on fish and shrimp. Its existence is endangered by water pollution and climate change, which have profoundly changed their ecosystem.

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