Christianity, despite having been born more than 2000 years ago in Palestine, it is not the most archaic of world religions. It is a monotheistic religion, based on the son of God sent by the latter to Earth: Jesus, the Christ (ie "the Anointed", honorific title deriving from the fact that in the ancient Middle East kings, priests and prophets were generally chosen and consecrated by anointing with aromatic oils. The Hebrew term is Messiah). Jesus will die on the cross after having incarnated as a man and having actively participated in the life of his people through his message of love, selflessness and faith.
Ma which are the oldest buildings that hosted the first true Christians? Let's find out together.
10 - Church of Dura-Europos, Dura- Europos - Syria: 241 AD
Apparently a house converted into a place of worship and therefore considered the first of its kind. Abandoned after the Persian conquest of the city, it still has some frescoes inside, probably the most ancient of Christianity. The "good shepherd", the "healing of the paralytic" and "Christ and Peter walking on the water" are the oldest descriptions of Jesus Christ.
9 - Chora Church, Istanbul - Turkey: th century
It's a Byzantine church really old, converted in the 1948th century into a mosque during the Ottoman occupation. It has been a museum since . Inside there are some of the oldest surviving Byzantine mosaics and frescoes.
8 - Church of Our Lady Mary of Zyon, Axum - Ethiopia: th century
Rebuilt several times over the centuries, the Emperors of Ethiopia were traditionally crowned here. It is an important pilgrimage center for Ethiopian Orthodox Christians.
7 - Stavrovouni Monastery, Larnaca - Cyprus: 327/329 AD
Here you can admire it one of the remaining pieces of the Holy Cross, found by Saint Helena, its founder, returning from the Holy Land. It is one of the oldest Christian places of worship in the world.
6 - St. Peter's Basilica, Rome / Vatican City - Italy / Vatican State: 333 AD
Symbol of the Vatican State, it crowns the monumental St. Peter's Square. IS the largest of the four papal basilicas of Rome. As a Pontifical Chapel, it is the seat of the main manifestations of Catholic worship.
Tradition has it that the apostle Peter, the first Pope, is buried here. It is obviously a pilgrimage destination, as well as one of the favorite places for art lovers. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the cathedral church of the Roman diocese.
5 - Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher, Jerusalem - Palestine: 335 AD
Built on the site that tradition indicates as that of the crucifixion, anointing, burial and resurrection of Jesus, it is located within the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. It encompasses both what is believed to be the "Golgotha hill", place of the crucifixion, that the tomb carved into the rock, where the New Testament reports the burial of Jesus.
It is one of the essential destinations for pilgrims who visit the Holly Land. The Holy Sepulchre it is the only place whose existence there is archaeological evidence dating back to just a hundred years after the death of Jesus. Today it is the seat of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
4 - Cathedral of Trier, Trier (Trier) - Germany: 340 AD
The oldest cathedral in the country it stands on the remains of a luxurious Roman residence. The Sacred Tunic is his best known relic. It is kept in a special building, in a wooden container protected by a safety glass and is exhibited to the public only on rare occasions. It also preserves the skull of Saint Helena, mother of the Emperor Constantine.
3 - Monastery of Sant'Antonio, Desert - Egypt: 356 AD
Partially destroyed in the th century, very little remains of the original structure. Hidden in the mountains of the Red Sea, it was created by the followers of Saint Anthony, considered the first Christian monk.
2 - Basilica of San Lorenzo, Milan - Italy, 364 AD
Located in Milan in Corso di Porta Ticinese, in front of the columns of San Lorenzo that were once part of the portico in front of the church itself, it is one of the oldest churches in Milan. It has an impressive pipe organ.
1 - Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, Rome - Italy, 386 AD
It is one of the four papal basilicas of Rome, the second largest after St. Peter's. It rises near the left bank of the Tiber, about 2 km outside the Aurelian walls (hence its name). According to tradition it was built on the burial site of the apostle Paul and, for this reason, it has always been a destination for pilgrimages.