When it comes to world geography there is always something that escapes us. Whether it is the size of a state or its geographical position, it does not matter, a review is always useful. For example, would you know which state has the most inhabitants between Canada and the United States of America? Or how large is Russia? Just to remove any reasonable doubt, we decided to take you with us on a journey through the 30 largest states in the world.
5 - China, Asia
The People's Republic of China, more commonly known as China, is the most populous state in the world.
Located in the eastern part of Asia, this state is made up of 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions, all wholly or partially controlled by the government based in Beijing.
China has some of the most beautiful natural landscapes in the world, such as the Gobi Desert, Hiamalaya, the Blue River and many more.
Inhabited since the Bronze Age, China was dominated by dynasties until 1911, when a slow and profound crisis led China to a complete reform of the government system.
Today China is a country full of contradictions: on the one hand still highly traditional, on the other ready to become one of the new economic powers in the world.
- Capital: Beijing (Peking)
- Area: 8.511.965 sq. Km
- % of water in the territory: 2,8%
- Population: 1.330.044.000 inhabitants
- Population density: 143,7 inhab./kmq
- Population growth rate: 0,481%
4 - United States of America, America
The United States of America is beyond doubt one of the largest and most populated states in the world. The countries that make up the USA occupy the northern strip of America, in a territory between Canada and Mexico, to which must be added territories such as Alaska, north of Canada, and the Hawaiian Islands.
While the coastal areas are heavily inhabited, as shown by states such as California or Florida, the inland areas have a smaller population and it is often possible to come across desert areas, such as that of Sonorano or Death Valley, the Valley of Death.
Bathed by two different oceans (the Pacific to the west and the Atlantic to the east), the state is located completely in the Northern hemisphere and has a continental climate, characterized by high humidity peaks, especially in the southern areas.
- Capital: Washington
- Area: 9.372.614 sq. Km
- % of water in the territory: 6,76%
- Population: 323.127.513
- Population density: 34 inhab./kmq
- Population growth rate: 0,81%
3 - Canada, America
Canada is located in the north of the United States of America, and borders the two oceans, the Arctic Ocean and Alaska.
Made up of ten provinces and three different territories, it has the largest border in the world: this is what divides Canada
from the United States of America, with a length of 8.893 km.
From a governmental point of view, Canada is a federal parliamentary monarchy, headed by Queen Elizabeth of England, head of the Commonwealth. Its population has two official languages: English and French, mainly spoken by the inhabitants of the east coast.
The surface of Canada is particularly rich in vegetation due to the strong presence of water sources. Here are the Great Bears Lake and the Slave Lake, in the north-western area. In the province of Alberta there is Lake Athabasca, while in that of Manitoba there are Lake Winnipeg and Manitoba.
- Capital: Ottawa
- Area: 9.984.670
- % of water in the territory: 8,92%
- Population: 33.679.000
- Population density: 3,92 inhabitants / sq. Km
- Population growth rate: 0,73%
2 - Antarctica
Located in the southern hemisphere, Antarctica is one of the two terrestrial poles, as opposed to the Arctic. This state is 98% covered by ice, which has an average thickness of 1.600 meters and makes it the coldest and most inhospitable continent on Earth..
Discovered in 1820 following a Russian expedition led by Lazarev and Bellingshausen, although only in 1890 was its existence officially recognized with the name "Antarctica", thanks to the Scottish cartographer John Jeorge Bartholomew.
- Capital: /
- Area: 14.000,000
- % of water in the territory: /
- Population: /
- Population density: 0,00007 inhab./kmq
- Population growth rate: /
1 - Russia, Europe
Russia is the largest state in the world and with its surface it covers about 1/8 of the earth's soil. Located between Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, Russia is so large that it includes 11 different time zones, while its capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world.
In Russia there is a remarkable variety of landscapes: most of the territory is characterized by the steppe in the southern zone, while in the northern one there is a strong presence of wooded areas with tundra. In addition to several mountain ranges, such as the Caucasus and the Altai, the Russian Federation also has a significant amount of plains, which allow it to have 10% of the world's arable land.
This state also has thousands of rivers and some of the most famous lakes in the world, such as Lake Bikal, the deepest in the world, and others such as Ladoga and Onega.
- Capital: Moscow
- Area: 17.100.000 sq. Km
- % of water in the territory: 13%
- Population: 140.702.000
- Population density: 8,4 inhab./kmq
- Population growth rate:-0,06%