The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was originally born in the United States as a brotherhood of white Protestants convinced of their supremacy founded by former Southern Army soldiers in 1865, but was disbanded in 1880. The original group opposed the forced reform of the confederacy from part of the Federal troops on the treatment of former slaves, often using violence to achieve their ends. However Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest said that the protection of Southern women was the reason for the establishment of the KKK.
A second, quite distinct, group that used the same name began its business near Atlanta in 1915 for the interest of William J. Simmons. This second fraternity set out to raise money and fight to maintain US traditions threatened by the growing number of Catholics, Jews, blacks and immigrants.
This group, although it preached racism, was an organization that grew to 4 million members in the 20s. Its popularity fell before and during the Great Depression, and it was dissolved during World War II in 1944 by James Colescott.
The name Ku Klux Klan eventually became freely usable. It has been used in various forms by many unrelated groups that opposed the Civil Rights Act in the 60s
Today, the name is a symbol of hatred and intolerance, but it is still used by some small organizations that are officially disconnected from each other.
The name Ku Klux Klan derives from the Greek word Kyklos which stands for circle, and the Scottish word clan. Others propose an onomatopoeic origin due to the fact that the sound of the word recalls the noise produced by the action of reloading a weapon.
Ku Klux Klan members wear white hooded tunics to represent the spirits of soldiers returning from the dead to take revenge on their enemies by hiding their faces. Another explanation of the white robes and hood is the "anonymity of a job well done" - in fact, KKK members believe that the task was assigned to them directly by God, and they wear tunic and hood as a sign of humility.
Yet another explanation of the customs is to imitate the Knights Templar, which also inspired Freemasonry. The majority of the leaders of the Klan were in fact Masons of the Scottish rite and had the rank of "Knight Templar". Titles such as "Great Wizard", "Greater Cyclops" and Kleagle were used to indicate status within the Klan.
The original Ku Klux Klan
Three Ku Klux Klan members captured in Tishamingo in the state of Mississippi (September 1871) The original Ku Klux klan was created in Pulaski, Tennessee in the USA after the American Civil War on December 24, 1865 by veterans of the Confederacy army. It grew in importance after a convention held in Nashville in the summer of 1867. This convention was chaired by General Nathan Bedford Forrest who was awarded the title of "Great Wizard".
The fraternity had several goals. She would try to help Confederate widows and war orphans, but she would oppose the extension of voting rights to blacks and other actions to eliminate racial segregation, which had been introduced by the federal government.
As soon as the control of the ex-confederate states was left by the feds, the whites re-established their power and with it the segregationist laws. Furthermore, Forrest officially disbanded the fraternity in 1869 because he believed it had evolved into an entity too far from the founding principles and too violent and hostile.
In 1871 US President Ulysses S. Grant placed what he believed to be the tombstone on the Klan by signing The Klan Act and Enforcement Act. The Klan at this point became an illegal terrorist group and the use of force was authorized to suppress the activities of the brotherhood.
These efforts were so successful that the Klan was eliminated in the state of South Carolina and decimated in the rest in the USA. Grant's document was declared unconstitutional in 1882 although little remained of the Klan at that point.
The second Ku Klux Klan
The second Ku Klux Klan was created during World War I, a feat that probably would not have been possible without the influence of President Woodrow Wilson and DW Griffith's controversial The Birth of a Nation. President Wilson commented on seeing him: "It's like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it's all true," based on the book and comedy The Clansman and the book The Leopard's Spots. leopard) both written by Thomas Dixon with "the intent to revolutionize the Nordic sentiment with a representation of history that wants to transform every man into a member of the Democratic Party!" Many poor whites became convinced that their economic problems were caused by blacks, bankers Jews, from other minorities as it happened as a result of propaganda in Nazi Germany.
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