On our planet there are different types of forestssuch us rainforests, Those tropicali, those of coniferous, of mangroves, etc. The importance of the existence of these forests lies in our very survival, as they are not just a ideal natural habitat for many animals, but they are also essential for the maintaining the average temperature of the planet and for the control of carbon dioxide levels, which in recent years has reached worrying peaks. Due to the continuous expansion of Homo Sapiens, the existence of many of these forests has been seriously questioned, causing no small concern.
Fortunately not all forests have lost their immaculate magnificence at the hands of man, remaining at the mercy of the regular natural change undergone by the passage of time, many of which are still to be discovered. Below is the ranking of those who are today 9 largest forests in the world.
9 - Mindo-Nambillo misty forest, 192 sq. Km
Let's start from the last position of this ranking which includes the Misty forest of Mindo-Nambillo. Located in Ecuador, it extends for about 192 square kilometers, and the fauna from which it is inhabited includes more than 1.600 species of birds, frogs and other animals, which makes it biologically varied, also considered the geographical diversity of the region.
8 - Kinabalu National Park, 754 sq. Km
Il Kinabalu National Park is known to have been the first Malaysian World Heritage Site recognized byUNESCO in December 2000. This park, with its 754 square kilometers, is the largest of all Singapore, and covers the surrounding areas of Mount Kinabalu, on the Malaysian island of Borneo. It includes over 4.500 species of animals and is considered one of the most important biological sites all over the world. It is also very popular with tourists for its relative convenience.
7 - Daintree Rainforest, 1200 sq. Km
Covering the northeastern border of the Queensland, That of Daintree it's the biggest forest continues in Australia. 1.200 square kilometers wide, it takes its name from the famous geologist and photographer Richard Daintree, and runs along the coast of the homonymous riverSeveral species reside here: not only do we find more than 90% of bats and butterflies, but this forest is also home to more than 10.000 species of insects, various reptiles and birds.
6 - Sundarbans Forest, 1395 sq. Km
Since 1997 it too UNESCO heritage Sundarbans forest it is about 1.395 sq km, 60% belonging to Bangladesh, and a further 40% of it extends along the Indian peninsula. We are talking about the largest mangrove forest of the World, recognized in India as a national park, tiger and biosphere reserve. This is the home of the famous white bengal tiger, and is the largest tiger reserve on the planet.
5 - Xishuangbanna tropical rainforest, 2402 sq. Km
La Xishuangbanna tropical rain forest is located in the province of Yunnan, in the south of China. It is one of the best preserved tropical forests in the world. It covers an area of about 2.402 square kilometers, and is divided into many vegetation subtypes, grouped by no less than eight kinds. Of these subtypes, fifty-eight are considered extremely rare; more than 3.500 types of flora have been scientifically recorded here. For science, this area is extremely important as it represents one gene bank, thanks to his abundance of vegetation.
4 - Tongass National Forest, 68068 sq. Km
Tongass is a temperate rain forest located in the south-east side ofAlaska. It is the largest of the Stati Uniti d'America, with a width of 68.062 sq km, that is more than the size of the Sri Lanka. Tongass is mainly characterized by the presence of western red cedar, and is divided into 19 designated natural areas that host very rare species of flora and fauna, many endangered due to its rather remote location.
3 - Valdivia temperate rain forest, 248100 sq. Km
With over 248 thousand square kilometers, the Valdivia temperate rain forest and the third largest in the world. To give an idea of the dimensions, we are talking about a mass of land that includes in itself the whole Britain. It extends over a gigantic area near the west coast of South America, mainly in the Chile, but also covers parts of theArgentina. It takes its name from the city of Valdivia, and is full of under-bushes of ferns and bamboo, even if it is mostly covered by evergreen Angiosperms.
2 - Congo rainforest, 1,7 million sq. Km
La Congo rainforest It is part of Congo basin, in the African continent, and extends for about 2 million square kilometers (more than the size ofAlaska or of 'Saudi Arabia!). This is the second largest tropical forest in the world. Of the more than 10.000 plant species identified, about 29% are of Congolese origin. Nearly 1.000 species of birds, over 500 species of fish and about 500 varieties of mammals have been recorded here. This rainforest among other things is considered one of the most important ecological balancers.
1 - Amazon rainforest, 5,5 million sq. Km
The territory of the Amazon rainforest it spans nine countries, accounting for more than half of the world's remaining rainforests. About 70% of the total forest area lies between the Brazil and the Perù. The Amazon rainforest is home to a very rich biodiversity, and huge fresh water resources. Not only do they play a vital role in the conservation of biodiversity worldwide, but also provides essential ecological services such as carbon sinks.