The list concerning the wonders of the natural world was drawn up by the same organization that called web users to vote for the wonders of the modern world (the NOWC); so in November 2011 the official list came to life today.
There have also been many discussions and criticisms regarding the choice of these magical natural places. The natural sites "competing" were 440, and among the 28 finalists there were names such as Grand Canyon in the United States and Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, of great beauty and global significance; the protests arose when, shown to the world the list of winners, places that everyone thought had a safe place on this prestigious list were replaced by others, perhaps less known. In fact, the list does not include the Great Barrier Reef, a pearl of Oceania, nor the Grand Canyon and the Dead Sea in Israel, natural landscapes of great value.
So much bitterness even on the part of Europeans who do not see any of their majestic landscapes, mountains or natural areas present among the 7 wonders; even the Italians, who crossed their fingers for the Vesuvius and Monte Cervino present among the 28, were disappointed by the exclusion. But let's see which are the places that have won the honor of being among the 7 Wonders of the Natural World.
- Ha Long Bay - Vietnam
- Komodo Island - Indonesia
- Le Table Mountain - South Africa
- Amazon rainforest - Amazonia
- Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tunnels - South Korea
- Iguazu Falls - Argentina / Brazil
- Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park - Philippines
- The other finalists
- User questions and comments
Ha Long Bay - Vietnam
We are in Vietnam, precisely "Where the Dragon descends into the sea": this is the meaning of Ha Long, an inlet of the Gulf of Tonkin, with over 3.000 limestone islands rich in karst caves. Of these, only two major islands are inhabited and host tourist facilities: Tuan Chau and Cat Bat. The other islets are completely uncontaminated and covered by a thick and luxuriant vegetation typical of the area; in some of them, the caves of karst origin which contain numerous stalactites and stalagmites, as well as many graffiti dating back to the 1994th century. The inhabitants of these pristine oases, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since , are antelopes, iguanas and monkeys.
- Curiosity: legend has it that Ha Long was formed during a battle between the Vietnamese and the Chinese invaders: the gods sent dragons to their aid, who created this sort of wall by spitting enormous jewels from their mouths, which are today the islets that make up the bay.
Komodo Island - Indonesia
This Indonesian island is located in Flores Sea, has a coastal development of about 160 km and is very particular because in its hinterland there are hills about 800 m above sea level. Its vegetation, once made up of a typical equatorial forest, is now rich in large palm trees. It is the fauna of this enchanting island that attracts thousands of tourists every year; in fact in Komodo it is possible to admire the largest living lizards in the world: the Komodo monitors, which take their name from the island.
Le Table Mountain - South Africa
Domina Cape Town in South Africa this imposing flat-topped mountain shaped by beyond six million years of erosion. It hosts more than 1.500 species of plants, trees and shrubs typical of the Mediterranean scrub. The typical fauna is made up of small rodent-like animals: the hyraxes of the Cape, which fearlessly frequent the areas where tourists stroll.
- Curiosity: it is the only natural site in the world to have given its name to a constellation: it is the Canteen, which means table, a constellation discovered in the eighteenth century by the French astronomer Nicolas de Lacaille, in the south celestial pole, south of Orion.
Amazon rainforest - Amazonia
It covers 9 countries in South America with an area of almost 4.500 square km; is the largest tropical forest in the world and represents about half of the remaining rainforests in the world. The Amazon forest is home to the Amazon River, the largest river in the world by volume, and has become part of the 7 wonders of the natural world probably because it hosts the largest number of animal and plant species in the world; a truly vast and unique biodiversity.
Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tunnels - South Korea
We are in the sea that runs along South Korea where an island of very particular volcanic origin attracts thousands of tourists every year. On the island of Jeju live approx 300 volcanoes, now extinguished; these have helped to form gods over time lava tunnel, which appear today as real caves.
The main attraction of the island is Hallasan, an extinct volcano almost 2.000 m high; it is the highest mountain in South Korea and on its peak there is a volcanic lake.
Iguazu Falls - Argentina / Brazil
On the border between Argentina and Brazil lies a splendid system of approx 275 waterfalls up to 70 meters high, which originate from the Iguazu river of the same name and continue for about three kilometers on the same water course. The feature that allowed this enchanting place to be among the wonders of the natural world is a U-shaped gorge that takes the name of "Garganta del Diablo", literally "Devil's Throat"; it is 150 meters deep and 700 long and marks the border between the two South American regions. It occupies more of the Argentine territory, even if the Brazilians say that" from their side "the show is better.
- Curiosity: According to a legend, the formation of this particular waterfall system has divine origins. In fact, a God had fallen in love with a beautiful girl, Naipù, and was pretending to marry her. However, the woman was in love with Caroba, mortal enemy of the God. The two lovers fled in a canoe, and the God, to avoid their escape, transformed the morphology of the river into waterfalls. Naipù fell into it and turned into rock, while Caroba turned into a tree. The two lovers, even today, continue to look at each other from a distance, but the anathema of the God will prevent him from ever uniting.
Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park - Philippines
The park is located in the Philippines and is characterized by a very particular karst environment; the charm of this natural area is due to a underground river navigable for about 5 km of its length. The waterway flows into the South China Sea, crossing a system of karst caves rich in stalactites and stalagmites, which leaves you speechless for the singularity of the excursion.
The other finalists
The following are the other wonders that reached the final but excluded from the "magnificent 7".
- Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
- Bay of Fundy, Canada
- The anvil, Puerto Rico
- Galapagos, Ecuador
- Grand Canyon, United States
- Salto Angel, Venezuela
- Jeita Grotto, Lebanon
- Maldives Islands, Maldives
- Bu Tinah Islands, United Arab Emirates
- Dead Sea, Israel and Jordan
- Sundarbans, Bangladesh and India
- Volcanoes of Lodo, Azerbaijan
- Yushan, Taiwan
- Black Forest, Germany
- Masurian Lake District, Poloni
- Monte Cervino, Switzerland and Italy
- Cliffs of Moher, Ireland
- Vesuvius, Italy
- Milfiord in Fiordland National Park, New Zeland
- Great Barrier Reef, Australia and Papua New Guinea
- Uluru, Australia
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