Italy is a complete nation to say the least, known throughout the world for its many facets, its terrible defects but also and above all for its many qualities.
Dream landscapes, ranging from the mountains to the sea, passing through the rolling hills of central Italy, exceptional hospitality and welcome, unique eno-gastronomic itineraries.
It is precisely this last aspect that we want to talk about today, in particular the one concerning our wine heritage.
In almost all Italian regions both white and red grapes are grown, for the production of excellent wines. The wineries and farms are no longer simple farms or farms, but more and more often they are transformed into real works of architectural art.
We have selected them 21 in this ranking, Those most beautiful to visit and among those reported by experts for the goodness and particularity of the wines produced. Prepare the glasses!
21 - Wine Resort Donna Franca, Sicily
Il Baglio Donna Franca it is immersed in the vineyards of the Marsala countryside, at 150 mt. above sea level which allows you to enjoy an enchanting view of the Egadi islands, the Saline della Laguna and Erice.
In 2000 Paola and Giacomo Ansaldi bought what had now become the ruins of the ancient beam that belonged to the Florio family and thanks to a careful renovation they bring it back to light.
Today is a wine resort equipped with 15 elegantly furnished rooms, a restaurant serving traditional Sicilian dishes and a cellar, the productive heart of the company with its 11 hectares of vineyards it produces 5 organic wines. In its underground cellar you can visit a wine museum where is it the largest collection of Perpetual wine in Italy, a unique product that ideally can age forever, a symbol of the ancient peasant tradition of Marsala. A wine that is not only the ancestor of Marsala, but more than an alcoholic beverage is the heart and history of an entire territory, its traditions, its families.
20 - Villa Vignamaggio, Tuscany
The spirit of the Mona Lisa fills the air in Vignamaggio, an extraordinary th century villa on the outskirts of Greve in Chianti that was built by the Gherardini family in the late Middle Ages. One of their descendants, Lisa gherardini, daughter of the owner Vignamaggio Anton Maria and wife of Francesco del Giocondo, is the one who she is believed to be the possible model who posed for Leonardo's famous and enigmatic painting. Today, the vineyards cover 62 hectares of the total 250. Part of the land is cultivated with Sangiovese, a traditional variety of Chianti, and some parts with Cabernet Franc. Vignamaggio mainly produces Chianti Classico, Chianti Classico Riserva and Vinsanto, with one of the Riserva aptly named Castello di Monna Lisa.
Visitors can take a tour of the winery and enjoy the great Italian gardens of Vignamaggio, not before having done so a tasting of some of the estate's wines. Wine products, as well as locally produced olive oil and grappa, are available for sale in the shop.
19 - Cantina dell'Ulmo Planeta, Sicily
This winery represents one of the greatest entrepreneurial and viticultural successes of Sicily. Thanks to this company, the island was able to rediscover the dormant enthusiasm for the native Nero d'Avola, for the development of Chardonnay crops, and for the creation of sophisticated fruity blends of local and international varieties. But Planeta's story begins relatively small, in a th century farmhouse located near the ruins of an ancient Arab castle on the shores of Lake Arancio, near the town of Sambuca di Sicilia.
It is here that three young people of the family, Alessio, Francesca and Santi, launched their winemaking business in 1995. Their business was both innovative and deeply immersed in the local culture. The Cantina di Ulmo, surrounded by 95 hectares of vineyards, was their first winery, which was followed by the construction of another four, but Ulmo remains the most beautiful to visit. It is about a nice building in vulgar Sicilian style, entirely dedicated to the production of white wines, among which the Alastro complex, the citrusy and explosive Cometa and a sophisticated Chardonnay which are an integral part of the visit to the cellar stand out.
18 - Cantina Fratelli Grosjean, Valle D'Aosta
A breathtaking landscape awaits and welcomes visitors to this winery, located on the border of the municipalities of Quart and Saint Christophe, in Valle D'Aosta. Here, vineyards of Tzeriat, Rovettaz, Creton, Touren in Quart, Merletta, Castello Passerin d'Entreves and Senin in Saint Christophe are cultivated. The peculiarity of these crops is that they are entirely organic: insecticides and chemicals are not used here. The visit to the cellar is undoubtedly a sensory experience, which is completed in the tasting, but mainly empathic. It is usually led by Vincent Grosjean, one of the five brothers who run the company, who will be able to fully involve you in the family philosophy: tradition, respect for nature, cultivation of native vines, adoption of cultural techniques attentive to the territory.
17 - Cantine Ferrari, Trentino-Alto Adige
The visit to the Ferrari Cellars is described by each participant as a unique and suggestive experience. It is possible to take the guided tour all year round from Monday to Saturday and, in December, also on Sundays. It all begins with a short introductory film, during which it is told the history of the cellars and the family, which has now led the company for three generations. During the visit of about an hour, you are accompanied into the depths of the cellars, where you can admire an almost infinite quantity of bottles of wine and sparkling wine. The tour ends with a toast to Ferrari Incontri, a structure designed to welcome guests, where it is also possible to buy some products.
16 - ColleMassari, Tuscany
The cellar occupies an area of 3.648 square meters and produces about 800.000 bottles per year. It was designed by the architect Edoardo Milesi, who wanted to create a workplace where nothing went to waste. The conformation of the structure, in fact, allows to conserve all the water. Even that of the underground drainage of the barrel cellar, which helps to maintain the right humidity, is entirely recovered and used several times, until it is collected at a phytodepuration plant that reinserts it in a basin at the edge of a stream. Even the air conditioning uses natural energy, it is in fact the same walls and walls with ventilated roofs to ensure great thermal inertia.
15 - Tenuta Santavenere, Tuscany
The company is located in the Montepulciano area, in the province of Siena, and is owned by the Triacca family. Designed by architect Alessandro Piccardi, it includes modern technologies that help carry out the entire production process, while maintaining an architecture that blends well with the rural landscape. The building that houses the cellar it is of a singular decagonal shape and is dedicated to winemaking, which takes place using a vertical production process.
14 - Rocca di Frassinello, Tuscany
It is an elegant and essential cellar, for the realization of which even the great architect Renzo Piano bothered. The essentiality of the forms enhances the functionality of the establishment, such as to guarantee the highest quality of the wines. The peculiarity of the cellar is the revolution imposed by Piano in the arrangement of spaces. In the center and underground he placed the barrel cellar, in order to keep humidity and temperature naturally stable. It is a large square space measuring 70 by 70 meters, surmounted by an immense attic which stands without the support of any column. All the other functions of the production cycle are positioned around it.
13 - Cantina di Fonterutoli, Tuscany
The Cantina di Fonterutoli is built in a contemporary style, both in functions and in spaces. It is the work of the architect Agnese Mazzei who accepted the challenge of a very complex design. The cellar is indeed 75% underground, with an area of 10.000 square meters, with the process of the grapes by natural fall. The winery suddenly appears to visitors, without breaking the harmonic balance that is created between nature, territory and the ancient village. The itinerary of the visit develops in crescendo, until it ends on the lowest floor where the barrel cellar, 15 meters deep, offers the sensation of being in an almost sacred and inviolable place.
12 - Tenute Pieve Vecchia, Tuscany
This winery features a modern, sober and refined design, aimed at supporting production activities. Your visit may not only have the purpose of tasting the delicious wines that are produced here, but you could make a thorough inspection if you are close to the wedding. Here, in fact, it is possible to plan the reception: your guests will be welcomed in a structure immersed in an ancient archaeological site dating back to Roman times. There are three large spaces that you can use for the various moments of the reception, with a fairytale setting behind you that includes the garden with ancient olive trees, near the Roman cistern, another large garden in front of the stone villa and the splendid swimming pool. with the view that extends into the valley.
11 - Tenuta Argentiera, Tuscany
The design of this winery was inspired by the architectural style of the place, that is the Tuscan coast that extends between the cities of Livorno and Grosseto. The building is made up of thick sloping walls that help to create a naturally thermoregulated internal environment. Tradition here goes hand in hand with modernity and efficiency: the temperature is kept constant thanks to a computerized system that manages hot and cold water flows. In the aging cellars it is possible to admire about 1200 French oak barriques. In order to fully enhance the territory and the typical products, guided tours and tastings are organized at Tenuta Argentiera, upon reservation. In the approximately two hours of the visit it is possible to see the vineyards located on the hills and the new wine cellar. The tasting includes 3 wines produced by the company, as well as some local culinary products.
10 - Feudi San Gregorio, Campania
The young Japanese architect Hikaru Mori led the renovation project of the cellar, which took place in 2002. The structure was awarded a modern and uniform design, with a lot of technology present above all in production processes. The cellar has a steel roof, walls in glass, zinc, concrete and stone: these elements create a unique space that, to the visitor, tells the story of the company and its successes. Guests will appreciate a gallery of about 130 meters where there are over 5.000 barrels and barriques. The winery has been exhibited twice as architectural excellence at the Venice Biennale.
9 - Allegrini - Villa della Torre, Veneto
The Allegrini family boasts a multi-year tradition in the history of Valpolicella viticulture. The Villa that houses the cellar dates back to 1560 and was built at the behest of Giulio della Torre, an intellectual and famous humanist of the time. He also contributed to the definition of the project. Why does this building take part in this ranking? Its conception reveals its originality: it is both a country house and therefore closely linked to industriousness and agricultural activities, but also a place destined for peace of mind. Upon reservation it is possible to schedule the visit, choosing from 4 types that include the tour of the cellar, the tasting of 4 wines, any snacks, light lunch or dinner. The location is also suitable for organizing weddings and religious celebrations (the Tempietto della Villa is still consecrated), private banquets, corporate meetings and other events.
8 - Le Mortelle, Tuscany
The name of the winery derives from that of the wild myrtle, which characterizes the local flora. The building was part of an old farm owned by the Habsburg-Lorraine, centered on cattle breeding. The Antinori family bought the property in 1999, transforming the approximately 160 hectares of land into wine growing and over 15 hectares into organic orchards. Those who visit the winery must reach the top of a slight hill, from which the entire estate can be seen. The building was built entirely using natural materials, has a cylindrical hypogeum shape and includes three levels, each dedicated to the various stages of the wine production cycle. The visit is by appointment but there is also the workshop of the Fattoria Le Mortelle, open all week, where you can find the wines and products of the estate.
7 - Donnafugata, Sicily
It is one of the most renowned wineries in Italy, the original buildings date back to 1851 and still retain the typical layout of the Mediterranean "baglio", with a large internal courtyard that houses fragrant citrus and olive trees. Local shipwrights have made the wooden trusses that overlook the gardens, more recently (precisely in 2007) the underground barrel cellar was entirely excavated in the tuff rock.
A visit to the Donnafugata winery is a memorable experience: throughout the year visitors can choose to explore, taste and pair the wines with Sicilian cuisine in Marsala (all year) in Pantelleria (from June 14 to September 23 ) and Contessa Entellina (August 10 for Calici di Stelle).
6 - Tenuta dell'Ammiraglia, Tuscany
The project was curated by the architect Piero Sartogo, who was also involved in the construction of the Italian Embassy in Washington, and the winery was inaugurated in 2011. The design is modern and efficient, completely at the service of the environment. The cellar seems to have been literally inserted into a hill, whose natural curves have been followed. The temperature inside is thus constantly maintained around 18 °. On the website of the Frescobaldi properties there is a convenient form to book a visit to the cellar directly online.
5 - Cusumano, Sicily
Tradition and innovation, past and future, man and nature: the project of the Partinico winery of the Cusumano company can be summed up with these contrasts. They represent the peculiarities of the Sicilian land, its dynamism, which is also expressed in the wine production. The structure of the cellar covers an area of about 4000 square meters and another 3000 square meters underground, stands on the area of an ancient beam and is the work of the architect Fabrizio Ruffino. The contemporary design and style are applied to a very widespread production reality in the area. A visit to the facility includes a tour of the production center and the aging cellar, to end in a space dedicated to meetings and events aimed at preserving and transmitting the culture of wine.
4 - Kellerei Cantina Tramin, Trentino-Alto Adige
Cantina Tramin boasts a long history: it was founded by the priest Christian Schrott in 1989 and, to date, has 290 members who cultivate an area of about 245 hectares of land. The new headquarters was inaugurated in 2010 and is the work of the architect Werner Tscholl, who was able to perfectly blend past and future, using materials such as wood, iron, glass and concrete, creating plays of light between transparency and darkness. The project has received numerous awards and it was built starting from the original body of the Cellar. The result is a structure that stands out in a harmonious way on the surrounding landscape, while at the same time drawing a sharp contrast with the environment. Each space is expertly designed to offer different functional areas both to operators and visitors. Two long green arms then depart from the main structure that house the wine shop and the tasting room.
3 - Ceretto Wineries, Piedmont
The naturally spectacular scenery of the cultivated land competes with the architecture and design of the buildings that make up the cellar rooms. The Ceretto family, which has been producing wine here for three generations, commissioned the Turin architects Luca and Marina Deabate to build a real monument to Barolo wine, a glass cube that detaches but at the same time blends perfectly with the landscape. Likewise, the Ceretto family invited artists David Tremlett and Sol LeWitt to renovate an old deconsecrated chapel, the Brunate Chapel, which was located in one of their vineyards. The chapel, built in 1914 by local farmers, had fallen into disrepair. LeWitt and Tremlett have transformed it into a bold, luminous triumph of colors where greens and reds, blues and yellows celebrate the vitality of the Piedmont countryside. Visitors to the Ceretto estate can appreciate both these true works of art and taste the wines produced there in two types of guided tours, centered around the main Monsordo winery, near Alba. The first, called Wine and Art, includes a visit to the Brunate Chapel, as well as a tour of the cellar and a tasting. The second, called Barolo e Architettura, takes visitors to the Bricco Rocche winery and its glass cube, as well as the Monsordo winery and includes a tasting.
2 - Castelbuono Estate, Umbria
The Lunelli family has owned this estate since 2001, which is located between the towns of Montefalco and Bevagna. The profile of the cellar is unmistakable, given the characteristic "carapace" shape that resembles a turtle. It was the master Arnaldo Pomodoro who studied the project, as a long-time friend of the family.
This structure that touches upon the disciplines of architecture and sculpture looks like a large dome covered with copper, on which you can see cracks that somboleggiano the furrows of the earth. A visit to the "Carapace" represents both an exploration of a Pomodoro sculpture, where one lives and works, and a journey into art and wine.
1 - Cantina Petra, Tuscany
The first place on the podium is won by this winery located in the hinterland of Piombino. Mario Botta is the architect who was responsible for designing this "place of ancient stones". Dug into the face of the hill, almost merging with the rest of the landscape, it becomes a natural element. The building it has the shape of a large cylinder covered in Prun stone and allows natural light to penetrate all environments. A large staircase leads the visitor to a balcony from which you can enjoy a splendid view of the Tyrrhenian Sea and its islands. Taking advantage of a long tunnel dug into the hill, you reach the end of the route, which crosses several points: the modern pressing area, the steel room and two spectacular barriques (where the wine is left to rest).