The 20 most important monuments famous and visited of the world

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Martí Micolau

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Our planet not only gives us splendid landscapes and natural wonders, but, thanks to the work of man, over the centuries, it has been filled with monuments, palaces and museums that attract thousands of visitors every year.
From America to Asia, passing through Europe and other continents, there are ancient and modern structures, located in different cities, with a particular charm, and all of them deserve to be seen in the course of life.
Here are the 20 most famous and visited monuments in the world!

20 - Kazan Kremlin, Kazan-Russia

This Russian monument, in the city of Kazan, was built in the th century by order of Ivan the Terrible on the ruins of the castle of the Khans.
Structure includes many buildings and the oldest is the Cathedral of the Annunciation dating back to 1554-62 characterized by 6 pillars and five apses.
The symbols of the Kremlin of Kazan are the leaning tower Sjujumbike and the Spasskaya tower which serves as the main entrance near the monastery of the same name where there are also various buildings such as the church of San Nicola, the Cathedral of the Transfiguration.

19 - Schonbrunn Palace, Vienna-Austria

Another very visited monument in the world is the famous one Imperial Palace of Vienna which was the seat of the Habsburg Empire from 1730 to 1918.
Located in what was once the countryside, today the western outskirts of the city, the whole complex includes the castle, A huge park, several fountains e one of the oldest zoos to the world, the Tiergarten Schonbrunn.
During your visit, don't miss the large gallery, 40 meters long and almost 10 meters wide, which was once the site of important court events such as dances, receptions and banquets.

18 - Wilanow Palace, Warsaw / Poland

In the Warsaw district of the same name, this palace was built for King Jan III Sobieski towards the end of the th century.
In addition to being one of the most interesting buildings in the country, it is also one of the most visited monuments in the world.
Characterized by a very original architecture that mixes Polish style with European art it is known as "Little Versailles"; the interiors are adorned and precious and on the outside there is a wonderful park where important concerts and cultural events are still held today, such as the "Royal Summer Concerts" in the Rose Garden and the "International Summer Academy of Ancient Music".

17 - Musée d'Orsay, Paris-France

This Parisian museum is located inside a building designed in 1898 by the architect Victor Laloux, where previously there was a cavalry barracks and the old D'Orsey palace.
After 2 years the works were completed and the Universal Exhibition of 1900 was inaugurated.
Inside this museum you can admire them above all works of the impressionists (Monet, Cezanne, Manet, Renoir, Degas, etc.) e post impressionists (Gauguin and Vincent Van Gogh), but also paintings by authors from the second half of the th century.

16 - Pompeii, Naples-Italy

It is famous for its ancient city buried by lava during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD
Every year its ruins attract thousands of visitors who come to discover the 66 hectares, of which 50 are excavated, where it is possible to admire public and private buildings, monuments, sculptures, mosaics and paintings that have been recognized Unesco World Heritage Site.

Do not miss the amphitheater, the large and small theater, the Forum, the Orto dei Fuggiaschi, the House of Sallustio and the Villa dei Misteri with numerous frescoes and the Roman amphitheater.

15 - Tsarskoye Selo Museum-Residence, Saint Petersburg-Russia

The Great Palace of Tsarskoye Selo, also known as Catherine's Palace, it was the summer residence of the Russian tsars and dates back to 1717 when it was built by order of the Empress Catherine.
This building is located in Pushkin, 25 km southeast of St. Petersburg, and features onerococo style and from the typical "Golden Thread", a particular construction method.
The rooms are all communicating with each other along a single axis; it starts from the large ballroom to finish in the reproduction of the amber room and in the middle there are numerous rooms one after the other. Finally, complete the residencehuge park divided into old and new garden.

14 - National Palace Museum, Taipei-Taiwan

Dating back to 1965, located in the hills north of the city, the National Palace Museum in Taipei represents one of the most visited attractions not only of Taiwan but of the world.
Inside there is a permanent collection of over 697.490 pieces of ancient Chinese artifacts and works of art covering over 5000 years of Chinese history, from Neolithic art to the late Qing dynasty.
Among the things that can be admired are statues, ceramic objects, tapestries, vases, rare books and precious documents.

13 - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacan- Mexico

Pre-Columbian city 40 km from modern Mexico City, Teotihuacan is thought to have been founded around 100 BC.
In 1987 it was designated a Unesco World Heritage Site and today it is one of the major Mexican archaeological sites, among the most visited in the world.
Extending over an area of ​​83 Km2 it is known for its immense pyramids, for the multi-family residential complexes, for the numerous perfectly preserved murals and for the "Via dei Morti" where there is also the splendid Pyramid of the Sun, the largest complex in the heart of this ancient city.

12 - Monument of the Statue of Liberty New York- America

Located on the rocky Liberty Island, an islet in the middle of Manhattan Bay in New York, the Statue of Liberty was built by the Frenchman Bartholdi with the collaboration of Eiffel in 1886.
Symbol of the Big Apple and the United States, this work consists of a internal reticular structure in steel e outside it is coated with 300 copper sheets.
93 meters high, it represents a woman, wearing a long robe, holding in her right hand a torch symbol of the eternal fire of freedom, and in her left hand a table with the date of American Independence, 4 July 1776.

11 - Independence National Historic Park, Philadelphia-America

In the historic center of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is one of the most famous historic buildings in the city and one of the most visited in the world.
Also nicknamed "America's most historic square kilometer" it is aarea that contains various buildingsi: Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell Pavillon with the bell symbol of freedom, the Carpenters'Hall, a beautiful Georgian-style building that became the seat of the first American Congress and later a hospital for the wounded in the War of Independence.
The Second Bank of The United States and Franklin Court complete the park.

10 - World War II National Memorial, Washington, DC- America

In the capital of the United States, Washington DC, in the National Mall monumental avenue, in addition to several important monuments, there is also the United States National Memorial.
Built in 2004 is dedicated to Americans who participated in the Second World War and is characterized by 56 granite pillars 6 meters high each (on which the name of the 48 states that formed the USA in 1945 is reported) arranged in a semi-circle around a square.
The structure is completed by two triumphal arches representing the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean and a swimming pool with a fountain.

9 - Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington, DC- America

This monument is also located in Washington and is one of the most visited in the world.
Completed in 1982 this work was made to commemorate the 58.318 American victims of the Vietnam War.
Also called "The Wall" the main building where the names of the victims are reported in chronological order of death, was built with black granite from India and is formed by two large trapezoidal-shaped walls arranged in plan to form the symbol of major ">".

8 - Peterhof Palace, St. Petersburg - Russia

It is a must for those traveling to St. Petersburg, the palace and its gardens are among the most visited monuments in the world.
Located in the Gulf of Finland about 30 km from the city, they were the residence of the tsars until 1917 and are known as the Russian Versailles.
Built between 1714 and 1723 at the behest of Tsar Peter the Great,the complex includes numerous palaces, tree-lined avenues, and numerous parks, but what attracts above all is the Grand Palace, the most impressive structure.

7 - Eiffel Tower, Paris-France

Most famous monument in Paris and one of the most visited a year.
The tower was built in just over two years and was completed and inaugurated on March 31, 1889, by Gustave Alexandre Eiffel.
The intent was to commemorate French independence a century after the Revolution but was contested a lot by the artistic and cultural elite of the time.
La iron structure stands on the esplanade of the Champs de Mars, is about 312 meters high, weighs 7.300 tons and is divided into three parts, reachable by elevators, resting on four pillars.

6 - Taj Mahal, Agra-India

It is one of the 7 wonders in the world and one of the most visited monuments is the Taj Mahal, which literally means "palace of the crown" and was built by the Indian emperor Shah Jahan to fulfill one of the promises made to his wife before she died.

This magnificent place is located in Agra, India, and was completed in 1654 (work began in 1632) thanks to the labor of numerous craftsmen and materials from all over the world.
The complex it consists of 5 main elements: the main door, the garden, the mosque, the guest house and the tomb of Emperor Shah Jahan.
To these are added secondary structures, fountains and gardens with water channels and pools where the image of the wonderful Taj Mahal is reflected.

5 - Parthenon, Athens-Greece

This building in the heart of the Acropolis of Athens, was commissioned by Pericles in 447 BC and with the intervention of important architects at the time, it was finished in 432 BC
Called Parthenon because it was the gift to the goddess Athena Parthnénos, became the maximum expression of the traditions and cultural life of Athens Periclea.
Built in Doric style it is totally in marble and occupies an area of ​​approximately 70 meters x 31 meters, characterized by 8 columns on the facades and 17 on the long sides.
Inside is the cell divided into three naves by a colonnade with two superimposed orders and by an area intended to house the Delio-Attic treasure.

4 - Colosseum, Rome-Italy

Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, it is the largest amphitheater in the world, as well as one of the most visited monuments every year by Italian and foreign tourists.

Built in the Flavian era in an area on the eastern edge of the Roman Forum, construction began with Vespasian in 72 AD and was inaugurated by Titus in 80.
Di elliptical shape of 527 m. the perimeter of the arena measures 86x54 meters, occupies an area of ​​3.357 m2, intended to accommodate between 50.000 and 87.000 people, and originally had a height of 52 meters.
Anciently it was used for gladiator shows, hunting events, and reenactments of dramas.

3 - Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC- America

Built in the 1867 in honor of the sixteenth president of the United States, Abraham Licoln, this memorial is located in the National Mall neighborhood of Washington.

A form of Doric Greek temple and made of Indiana granite and Colorado Yule marble, it is a peripteral with 36 columns 10 meters high that surround the cell.
Inside is the sculpture six meters high, totally in white marble, which depicts the absorbed and thoughtful president looking east.
Lincoln is seated on the throne where two lictor beams are sculpted, symbolizing the authority of the Republic.

2 - Palace of Versailles, Versailles-Paris

The palace, also called palace or castle, is aancient royal residence of the Bourbons of France 20 km from Paris.
It was built between 1623 and 1683, at the behest of King Louis XIV who wanted to get away from the city and its citizens, this it became the seat of political power of the French kingdom since 1682 when the Sun King moved with his court.
The palace, the second most visited monument in the world, occupies an area of ​​815 hectares (before the Revolution it occupied 8000) and includes 93 gardens which every year host festivals and events, the palace with wonderful rooms, the big and the little Trianon (luxurious dependance).

1 - Forbidden City, Beijing-China

In the first place of the most visited monuments in the world is the Forbidden City, or the Imperial Palace, which is located north of Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
Construction of this residence began in 1406 and ended in 1420 and housed 24 emperors of the Ming and QIng dynasties.
It covers an area of ​​72 hectares, occupies a total area of ​​150 thousand square meters and includes 980 structures between palaces, courtyards and buildings.
E' divided into three parts which include the defense line, with the moat, the walls over 10 meters high, the watchtowers and four main gates.
Then there is the External Court with three main buildings and finally the Internal Court composed of 3 important buildings.
The whole area is decorated, there is no shortage of bronze or stone statues and the buildings are colored with imperial colors, yellow and red.

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