Europe offers a wide variety of landscapes: among these, urban parks certainly play an important role, which from Spain to France, from the United Kingdom to Italy, for some cities, are a real green lung it's a reference point for relaxation, shelter from stress, sports and free moments to spend alone or with friends. Let's scroll through the ranking and discover the 16 largest urban parks in Europe.
16 - Englischer Garten, 566,6 hectares
Where it is: Munich - Germany
Open 24 hours a day, this park is one of the largest in Germany and all of Europe. Built in 1789 on the idea of Carl Theodor, the project was commissioned to the Englishman Benjamin Thompson, and the name derives from the fact that the park was made in English style. Over the years the Englischer Garten has further expanded, with new buildings and new green spaces.
15 - Prater, 607 hectares
Where it is: Vienna - Austria
The Prater is the largest urban park in Vienna, and also includes the entertainment area with the famous Ferris wheel. Its origins are very ancient: during the th century the Prater was used as hunting ground, and in 1873 a 'universal exposure.
14 - Silesian Park, 620 hectares
Where it is: Chorzów - Poland
The Silesian Park was created in 1950 on the initiative of the local political figure Jerzy Zietek, with the aim of restore a large portion of the territory devastated by industry right in the middle of a highly urbanized area. In the park it is also present the Silesian stadium, a planetarium, a zoological garden, an ethnographic museum and an amusement park.
13 - Parque Lineal del Manzanares, 649,9 hectares
Where it is: Madrid - Spain
Large natural area and archaeological basin of Madrid, the park consists of 3 main sections: Area 1, urbanized and managed by the municipality of Madrid; Area 2, of great historical, ecological and cultural value; Area 3, regional park, with a spectacular landscape led by the Manzanares River.
12 - Park of Monza, 688 hectares
Where it is: Monza, Italy
The Park, which forms a splendid outline of the Royal Palace of Monza, was established in 1805 by the will of the Emperor Napoleon, who wanted to make it a agricultural estate e a game reserve. Since 1922 it has housed the famous racing circuit Autodromo Nazionale di Monza.
11 - San Giuliano Park, 700 hectares
Where it is: Mestre - Italy
Italy again in our special ranking, this time with the San Giuliano Park located in Mestre, a few steps from Venice. It is a park that stands on a reclaimed area extremely important from the point of view of study of the lagoon environment. Reference point for sports and leisure activities for the inhabitants of the area.
10 - Phoenix Park, 712,2 hectares
Where it is: Dublin - Ireland
The Phoenix Park in Dublin is, with its perimeter wall of over 11 km, one of the largest recreational spaces enclosed within a European capital. Founded in 1662 by an illustrious Viceroy of Ireland, it includes large areas of green lawns and tree-lined avenues, and for over 4 centuries has been home to a herd of wild fallow deer.
9 - Ada Ciganlija, 799,7 hectares
Where it is: Belgrade - Serbia
Originally an island, this area has been converted into a peninsula and is located along the Sava River, in the center of Belgrade. Over the centuries this park has been increasingly equipped to encourage recreational and sports activities. Numerous the beaches present.
8 - Bois de Boulogne, 845,9 hectares
Where it is: Paris - France
This park was created between 1852 and 1858, during the time of Emperor Louis Napoleon. It is the second largest park in Paris, and is characterized by beautiful typically English landscapes, with many lakes and waterfalls. There are also 2 botanical gardens, an amusement park, a zoo, two racecourses and a tennis stadium.
7 - Richmond Park, 955,1 hectares
Where it is: London - United Kingdom
Richmond Park was created during the th century as deer reserve, and still today is the London's premier wildlife conservation park. The park is considered one special conservation area and nature reserve.
6 - Sutton Park, 971,2 hectares
Where it is: Birmingham - United Kingdom
UK again, but this time we move to Birmingham: Sutton Park is one nature reserve nationally recognized. Its landscape is very varied: heath, wet and marshy areas, seven lakes, large ancient woods, several restaurants, a golf course. There are areas where it is permitted to fly radio-controlled helicopters and airplanes. The park is crossed by a railway line.
5 - Bois de Vincennes, 993,9 hectares
Where it is: Paris - France
Public park located east of Paris, is the largest city park. Built as English garden, is four times the size of London's Hyde Park. It too it was born as a hunting reserve of the kings of France.
4 - Casa de Campo, 1.722,3 hectares
Where it is: Madrid - Spain
Casa de Campo is the largest public park in Madrid. Connected to Monte del Pardo, it is almost twice the size of the Bois de Vincennes but the origins were similar, as Casa de Campo was also born as a hunting reserve of the royal family. Inside the park are located the zoo, the cable car, part of the Madrid exhibition center and some sports facilities.
3 - Lee Valley Park, 4.046,9 hectares
Where it is: London, United Kingdom
The park follows the course of the River Lee and is more than 4 times the size of Richmond Park. It consists of a mix of countryside areas, urban green spaces, heritage sites, parks, nature reserves, sports centers.
2 - Appia Antica Regional Park, 4.580 hectares
Where it is: Rome Italy
Located between the center of the capital and the Alban Hills, it includes the territories of the Via Appia Antica. It includes one of the most beautiful parks in Italy, namely the Park of the Aqueducts of Rome, whose name derives from the presence underground of 7 Roman and papal aqueducts and from which it is possible to admire the Castelli Romani.
1 - Serra de Collserola, 10.999,8 hectares
Where it is: Barcelona - Spain
And here we are at the top of our ranking on the 15 largest urban parks in Europe: the primacy goes to the Serra de Collserola in Spain, which is also one of the largest in the world.
There are present over 1.000 types of plants and 30 plant communities, and the fauna is also very varied: wild boars, stone martens, badgers, rabbits, squirrels. The park is widely used for walking, cycling, bird watching and family lunches.