The 10 most important cities of Egypt

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Martí Micolau

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Egypt is a country full of wonders. There are many important cities of Egypt, cities with a great history or unique natural landscapes, which offer many things to see. Here is an overview of the 10 most important!


  1. Cairo
  2. Alexandria of Egypt
  3. Giza
  4. Shubra El-Kheima
  5. Port Said
  6. Suez
  7. Sharm el-Sheikh
  8. Aswan
  9. Luxor
  10. Edfu
  11. User questions and comments


Cairo, the capital of Egypt, with its 10 million inhabitants is one of the most populous African cities. Located on the banks of the Nile, the oldest part of the city lies east of the river, and was built following the model of Paris, and is therefore characterized by large boulevards and open spaces. Among the oldest cities in the world (its foundation dates back to the Pharaonic era) Cairo makes the Egyptian Museum its main attraction. Inside the building are kept among the rarest treasures in the world, not to mention the impressive amount of evidence of Egyptian civilization. The most famous among these is surely the treasure found in Tutankhamun's tomb, which includes priceless artifacts.

In the ancient area of ​​the city it is possible to admire the remains of the city of Babylon, home to many religious buildings. Characteristic is the bazaar of Khan El Khalili where it is possible to find all kinds of goods characteristic of Egypt, from multicolored fabrics to glass objects, up to the reproduction of archaeological finds.

  • Best time: from September to April / May, when there is a pleasantly warm climate, mitigated by the breeze during the day
  • Main attractions: The Chedivial Opera House, La Dār al-kutub (the oldest modern library in Egypt), The Egyptian Museum
  • starting from € 175,87 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 72,00 per room -
  • Egyptian Museum of Cairo: Collections Entrance Ticket Alexandria Historical Sites Tour from Cairo City Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx and Sakkara: Private Day Tour From Cairo: Nile Dinner Cruise Cairo: Citadel, Old Cairo and Khan el-Khalili

Alexandria of Egypt

Alexander the Great, Cleopatra, Julius Caesar and Ptolemy made Alexandria in Egypt their stage. At the center of the world for several centuries, the city still plays an important role in the Mediterranean trade and in the economic reality of the country, in which its 4.984.387 inhabitants participate. Alexandria is home to the largest library in the world, reconstruction of the original one established at the beginning of the third century BC. The building, which has seven levels, also houses a Planetarium, the Science Museum, and over 8 million volumes.

Cradle of historical wonders, in Alexandria it is also possible to visit the Pillar of Pompeii, the remains of a Roman-Egyptian temple, the Roman amphitheater and the Greek-Roman Museum, which houses the reconstruction of the temple dedicated to the crocodile god.
Of particular interest is the island of Pharos, where the famous Lighthouse probably stood, now home to the Qaitbay Castle: built by the Sultan Ashraf, in order to protect the city from Ottoman attacks.

  • Best time: November to February, when the weather is mild and usually sunny.
  • Main attractions: Lighthouse of Alexandria, Library of Alexandria, the Serapeum
  • starting from € 298,60 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 49,00 per room -
  • Alexandria Historical Sites Tour from Cairo City Alexandria: Archaeological Tour Alexandria: Day Tour


Giza has approximately 2.782.658 inhabitants, and is one of the most evocative cities in the world. The city is the seat of the Egyptian Necropolis (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) which includes the tombs of the pharaohs Cheops, the Pyramid of Chefren and that of Macerino, built between 2613 and 2498 BC. In the eastern part it is then possible to admire the suggestive Sphinx, erected to watch over sleep eternal of its sovereigns, at whose feet there is the Stele of Thutmose IV where the story of the Pharaoh is imprinted.

In addition to the majestic pyramids, Giza boasts the presence of numerous museums, including the Solar Boat Museum, which contains an ancient Egyptian boat, probably buried to accompany the Pharaoh on his last journey, and several other archaeological sites, among which is really easy to get lost.
Characteristic of the area are the famous bazaars sites around the area of ​​the pyramids, where you can find everything: food first of all.

  • Best time: November, when the weather is mild and sunny.
  • Main attractions: necropolis and pyramids
  • flights to Cairo (5km) from € 175,87 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 35,00 per room -
  • Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx and Saqqara: 1-day private tour Pyramids and Great Sphinx of Giza: half-day tour Great Pyramids of Giza half-day adventure

Shubra El-Kheima

Shubra El-Khei has a population of 1.099.354 inhabitants, who make it the fourth largest city in Egypt: but in reality it constitutes the expansion of Cairo to the north. Mainly inhabited by workers from the surrounding factories, Shubra is home to one of the most fascinating but least known monuments in all of Egypt: the Muhammad Ali Pasha palace or Shubra Palace. Completed in 1821, the palace, which originally had 13 buildings, is characterized by a style that mixes Islamic and European decorations.

  • Best time: November, when the weather is mild and sunny.
  • Main attractions: Asfour Crystal Showroom, Mohammed Ali building
  • Flights to Cairo (12km) starting from € 175,87 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 29,00 per room -

Port Said

Porto Said has 603.787 inhabitants, and is located on a tongue of land between Lake Manzale, the Mediterranean and the mouth of the Suez Canal. Compared to the rest of Egypt, the city can be considered "new", as it was founded in 1859, but still boasts numerous ancient buildings, which contribute to the distinctive style of its architecture. An important hub for the export of Egyptian products, the city reserves many attractions, which enchant tourists and Egyptians themselves and have made it the summer destination par excellence.

Equipped with a great nightlife, thanks to the numerous clubs and pubs, and a focal point for shoppingAs it is a tax free zone, Port Said also boasts numerous cultural destinations, both ancient and more modern. Seat of the National Museum, which boasts in its rooms the exhibition of some finds from prehistoric eras of Ancient Egypt, the city was also the scene of the Anglo-French war for the management of the Suez canal, and the rubble is still visible in different areas of the city.

  • Best time: spring or late summer
  • Main attractions: Museum of modern art, Coptic church, Suez canal
  • Flights to Cairo (200km) starting from € 175,87 -


Suez is a city of 744.189 inhabitants, located on the Gulf of Suez, near the canal of the same name. The city boasts very ancient roots, but was completely destroyed and abandoned following the Second Arab-Israeli War of 1967, only to be rebuilt after the canal reopened in 1975, its main tourist attraction.

This grandiose work, performed by the French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps and inaugurated on November 17, 1869, connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. Today several tons of semi-finished products, steel and industrial spare parts pass through it, and numerous cruise ships, bound for the interior of Egypt. The panorama which can be enjoyed during the crossing is suggestive, characterized by a completely deserted left bank, in contrast to the right bank, home to numerous activities and green areas.

  • Best time: from mid-May to mid-October, given the mild climate, however, characterized by a sea that is still cool, especially in May.
  • Main attractions: Suez passage
  • Flights to Cairo (150km) starting from € 175,87 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 90,00 per room -

Sharm el-Sheikh

Sharm el-Sheikh is one of the major Egyptian tourist resorts. Located in the southern part of the Sinai peninsula and washed by the Red Sea, the city is a large center, made up mostly of tourist villages and residences. Only 73.000 people reside here, mostly from other areas and residents of Sharm for work. Surrounded by the coral reef, which can be admired by choosing from one of the many excursions available, the city is the favorite destination for sea lovers, who here have the opportunity to admire the wonderful marine fauna both walking on the beach (it is not uncommon to notice moray eels, octopuses or colorful fish near the shore) that thanks to one of the many excursions, organized by practically everyone.

  • Best time: the month of April and from mid-October to mid-November. During this period the climate is pleasant, and it is possible to carry out all activities without being suffocated by the heat. Around November the temperature is still suitable for sunbathing and swimming, even if the water is cool enough and the days are getting shorter.
  • Main attractions: barrier Reef
  • starting from € 242,75 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 57,62 per room -
  • Sharm el-Sheikh: Bedouin village tour with dinner Tiran Island or Ras Mohamed Park: snorkeling from Sharm Sharm el-Sheikh: full-day diving tour


Aswan is a city of 200.000 inhabitants, founded between 246 and 222 BC by Ptolemy III. Like other areas of Egypt, tourism is the driving force behind its economy, fueled by the presence in the area of ​​the temple of Phile and that of Abu Simble. Adjacent to the inhabited center stands the Nubian Museum, the Fatimite necropolis and, the most "talked about" attraction in the area, the unfinished obelisk: work carved inside a single huge granite block, and never completed.

  • Best time: November and December, when the weather is mild.
  • Main attractions: Aswan dam, Nubian Museum, Fatima necropolis
  • starting from € 351,85 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 39,00 per room -
  • 4-Day Nile Cruise From Aswan Abu Simbel: Private Tour from Aswan From Aswan: Trip to a Nubian Village by Speedboat


Luxor is located on the east bank of the Nile, and rises on the ancient Thebes, the capital of the pharaohs. Today the city has 506.588 inhabitants, and can be considered a real open-air museum. In fact, Luxor encompasses some of the wonders of Egypt including the Colossi of Memnon, overlooking the funerary complex of Pharaoh Aneonhotep, majestic temples, statues, buildings, pyramids and the two valleys of kings and queens, where there are dozens of tombs, including that of Ramses, with the highly suggestive hieroglyphs and magnificently preserved for millennia.

Another feature of Lux is the presence of open-air markets, which make it a typical city of the Middle East, even if animated by restaurants and nightclubs, managed for the most part by Westerners.

  • Best time: to visit the archaeological areas from November to February, when temperatures are not particularly high. To visit the central-southern areas, where Luxor is located, the month of December, when the climate is mild.
  • Main attractions: mummification museum, the Valley of the Kings, Luxor Temple
  • starting from € 363,10 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 22,00 per room -
  • Luxor: Full-Day Trip to the Valley of the Kings Luxor: All-Inclusive Guided Tour by Air from Cairo Egypt: 1-Day Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor Luxor: Hot Air Balloon Tour


Edfu is located on the west bank of the Nile, between Esna and Aswan, where the ancient sacred river forms a wide loop, which offers a view of remarkable beauty. The notoriety of the city is due to the presence of the temple dedicated to Horus, the protector of Edfu, which is today the second best preserved temple in size in all of Egypt.

The city, which has only 133.772 inhabitants, today extends over what was the sacred lake of the temple, thrives on tourism, and presents typical Egyptian landscapes, made of palm groves, from the desert and from the arid granite mountains.

  • Best time: between November and April, when the climate, which in summer exceeds 40 °, becomes mild
  • Main attractions: temple of Horus
  • flights to Luxor (110km) from € 363,10 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 24,00 per room -

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