Italy offers a remarkable landscape variety. Alongside the seaside and mountain resorts, we also find hilly and lakeside ones. But let's not forget that the beautiful country also has natural parks, forests and woods. They too are ours very rich heritage, to love and protect. If you want to immerse yourself in nature, switch off and relax in the green, here you will find 10 tips to admire and enjoy the most beautiful woods in Italy.
10 - Woods in the Migliarino Natural Park
- Where is it: it extends over the coastal strip of the provinces of Pisa and Lucca (Tuscany)
It appears, at first visual impact, like a huge wooded area. In reality, the park offers a great variety of natural environments: dunes, beaches, hygrophilous forests and marshy areas, but one third of its surface is covered by woods. Thanks to the diversity of environments present, one lives here rare flora consisting of sundew, periploche, osmunda and pink hibiscus. The fauna includes a remarkable variety of birds, but there are also mammals, fish and a large number of amphibians and reptiles. Do not forget also the so-called killer shrimp, that is the red louisiana shrimp, which spread from the lake to the swamp and subsequently to all humid environments and not only adjacent to the park. Water isIn fact, the dominant element of this territory: ponds, natural canals and rivers alternate with the forest and pine forests, thus creating a very suggestive environment, ideal for romantic walks.
9 - Bosco Quarto
- Where it is: it is a protected natural area, inside the Gargano National Park (Puglia)
La nature luckily here it is still uncontaminated, rich in flora and fauna. Eight thousand hectares of greenery with very ancient and colossal specimens they will allow you to live a wonderful experience among the sounds of Mother Nature. You will be able to recognize the oldest trees yourself, characterized by yellow and red cracks that color the bark, giving them a particular and characteristic charm. Here live foxes, wild boars, badgers, hares, squirrels and numerous species of birds. Sometimes it is also possible to spot deer.
8 - Great Wood of Salbertrand
- Where it is: it is located in Val di Susa, in the province of Turin (Piedmont)
Its peculiarity is its own expanse of white and red fir trees, spread over an area of seven hundred hectares. The park is home to around 80 nesting species, including numerous birds of prey. Here also live chamois, wild boar, deer and roe deer. It's a truly suggestive environment, suitable for beautiful walks or for mountain bike rides, thanks to the various routes of different difficulty and length. You can also walk a part of the Path of the Franks, an itinerary probably taken by the armies of Charlemagne to go down to Italy. You can also follow the routes of the Great Crossing of the Alps who stop at the Arlaud Refuge. In addition, a few kilometers away stands the Fort of Exilles: a bastion from around 1100, modernized several times for military needs.
7 - Somadida Forest
- Where is it: in the area of Cadore (Veneto)
The Somadida Forest it is the largest wood in Cadore and one of the most beautiful forests in the Dolomites. In the past it was used by the Serenissima as a reserve of precious wood for its naval fleet, while today it is a protected area. It guards a naturalistic and faunal heritage of great value. Spruce and white firs, beech and larch trees protect an undergrowth that boasts some of the most beautiful flowers in the Dolomites. Precious and beautiful, the rare "Madonna's slipper" or "Venus's slipper", a velvety mountain orchid. Also splendid are the martagon lily with pink-violet shades and the curious soldanina piroletta with tender white flowers. Here also lives the greedy blueberry, in its red and black varieties, not surprisingly the basic ingredient of delicious local jams. The fox has always been present alongside which also live chamois, deer and roe deer. The brown bear has reappeared. The forest is visited in every season. There are many itineraries to follow and suitable for everyone: walks on foot or on horseback, mountain bike rides, rides on a sled pulled by dogs in the middle of winter.
6 - Cork wood of San Vito
- Where is it: it is a cork oak forest that characterizes the homonymous valley, in Municipality of Monte San Biagio (Latina - Lazio)
The cork oak is located at the bottom of the valley. When the light manages to filter through the foliage of these evergreen oaks, it gives life to a rich and heterogeneous undergrowth. On the slopes of the mountains, however, the cork oak wood is gradually replaced by the holm oak wood and in the sunniest areas by the Mediterranean scrub. The cork oak it hosts a rich community of animals. In spring and summer it is easy to meet toads and reptiles: the first attracted by rainy days, the second by the heat of the sun's rays. Numerous species of birds, mammals, micro-mammals and bats also live here. The cork oak forest is crossed by numerous paths of varying length. They are easily accessible for schoolchildren and visitors of all ages. One of these trails ends near a centuries-old oak, a hybrid of cork and holm oak, of considerable size. This plant it is one of the monumental trees of Italy and is the symbol of the cork oak forest of San Vito.
5 - Wood of La Thuile, Valle D'Aosta
- Where is it: near a mountain village, La Thuile (Val d'Aosta)
This location is an excellent holiday destination for those who love to relax in the mountains, both in summer and in winter. Numerous walks depart from the town, for all kinds of hikers. Among these, there is the one that leads to the woods. Hosts numerous specimens of wild plants and orchids, among which the splendid and protected spotted orchid. The lovely autumn colors they paint the whole landscape and represent a perfect time to explore and learn about the surrounding area.
4 - Bosco del Cansiglio
- Where it is: it is located between the provinces of Belluno, Treviso and Pordenone on a vast plateau (Veneto)
E' a suggestive wood. The best time to appreciate it is theautunno, when splendid plays of color they dress the trees in intense shades. Its beauty is strongly characterized by the presence of beech trees, ferns, wood anemones, green hellebores and sorrel. At lower altitudes the beech is accompanied by silver and red fir, giving life to a wood that in the month of March is pervaded by the intense scent of fior di stick, a small shrub with brightly colored flowers. Below, wide open spaces extend, punctuated by various colors based on seasonal blooms. Spring is suggestive with its gentians and crocus. Hunting has been banned here for some time and, especially at dusk, roe deer, red deer and fallow deer can be seen. Among the different animals present, you may have the honor of meeting some squirrel, hedgehog or hare. If you are very lucky, you can see a golden eagle soaring in the sky. It is an ideal place for those who want to free themselves from stress and get away from the city frenzy.
3 - Forest of the Sila National Park
- Where is it: inside the Sila National Park (Calabria)
A treasure enclosed in the heart of the Sila. This park is part of the World Network of Unesco sites of excellence. The surface of its wood is very large and consists mainly of beech and pine forests formed by the typical Silano pine, the Laricio. Is considered unique in the world for the particularity and variety of its flora and fauna. A curiosity: according to recent studies in the Sila area and specifically in an area of the park in Zagarise locality at the foot of Monte Gariglione, you can breathe the cleanest air in Europe. An absolutely perfect place to regenerate and relieve stress.
2 - Wood of the Casentinesi Forests Park
- Where it is: it is located in the Tuscan-Romagna Apennines, between the provinces of Forlì-Cesena, Arezzo and Florence (Tuscany and Emilia Romagna)
It is a wood very interesting also from a cultural point of view. Among its natural cavities and springs, the Acquacheta waterfall, notable not only for the range of its 80 m jump, but also for having been mentioned by Dante Alighieri in the Divine Comedy. The park has a high phytodiversity and hosts forest ecosystems of great value, among the best preserved in Europe. Here you are also 845 species of mushrooms, some of which are the first and only ones in Italy. The fauna is characterized by the most important wolf population of the northern Apennines, but there are many other living things here. A place thickly covered with majestic trees, Where the real protagonists are the animals: a perfect location to reconnect with our most natural part.
1 - Sasso Fratino
- Where is it: in the heart of the National Park of the Casentinesi Forests (Emilia Romagna)
At the top of our ranking is this Integral Nature Reserve that is a wood within the wood! You got it right: 764 hectares of surface for the purpose of conservation one of the few strips of forest that has come to us almost intact. The Reserve is characterized by rugged rocky slopes and there are no access routes. This is why the area has remained intact and unaffected by human colonization. Its rich vegetation, dominated by beech, transforms into an almost pure beech forest above 1300m. The dead wood of all these trees plays an important role by allowing the activation of food chains absent in the cultivated woods, thanks to the presence of microorganisms, fungi, insects and birds. Many scholars come from all over the world to study the characteristics of this unspoiled natural wonder. Some fungal species they are even new for the scientific world, including the Botryobasidium sassofratinoense. Deer, roe deer, fallow deer, wild boar and wolves live undisturbed in this little paradise. As for the bear, we can only talk about it in the past: the ruthless hunting has exterminated and extinguished it, but its name recurs in the localities of these mountains.
The presence of the wild cat has recently been confirmed. The presence or absence of the lynx is still debated. Numerous micro-mammals and many bats also live here, indispensable for this ecosystem. We also find numerous birds, amphibians, reptiles and invertebrates. You may have wondered why you have never heard someone tell you about this incredible hidden place in the enjoyable Emilia Romagna, right? Simply because any access is absolutely forbidden and severely sanctioned by the forest guards who guard the borders, well marked by numerous signs. A little Eden that is right to remain untouched, magical and that leaves us dreaming and imagining how a real forest really is, just like that of fairy tales.