The 10 Main Cities in Paraguay

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Lluis Enric Mayans

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Paraguay is a small green state in the South American hinterland, bordering the most famous and popular Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia, with no access to the oceans. Often mistreated by international tourism, Paraguay actually hides some great surprises within its territory and is capable of leaving an indelible memory in its visitors. Most of the major cities are part of Grande Asunción, an urban area around the capital, which can therefore be chosen as starting point for visits. Let's get to know the 10 main cities of Paraguay together.


  1. Assumption
  2. Ciudad del Este
  3. Incarnation
  4. Ñemby
  5. Fernando de la Mora
  6. Lambaré
  7. Capiatà
  8. San Lorenzo
  9. Luque
  10. Conception
  11. User questions and comments

1 - Asunción

Asunción is the capital of Paraguay, has 512.000 inhabitants, although in the entire Grande Asunción urban area there are more than 1.600.000 in all. It is located in the southern part of the country, on the border with Argentina. The city is surrounded by the course of the Paraguay River, which also determines its commercial exchanges through the important river port. It is the economic center of the country, but it is also an interesting tourist destination. To visit the Palacio de los López, seat of the presidency of Paraguay, the Cathedral and the Pantheon Nacional de los Heroes. Asunción also boasts a large number of museums, including that of the Fine Arts. Public transport, only bus lines, are very widespread and cheap, but it is not recommended to use them at night.

  • Best time: from April to October, when temperatures are less hot but still mild
  • Main attractions: Palacio de los López, Cathedral, Pantheon Nacional de los Heroes, Museum of Fine Arts
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 60,00 per room -

2 - Ciudad del Este

Ciudad del Este is a very young city, founded just in 1957, the result of an urban agglomeration of several centers formed next to the Itaipù Dam, one of the largest hydroelectric basins on the planet which has now become the most famous attraction in the country. Ciudad del Este is located on the border with Brazil and Argentina, a position which makes it a free port for trade and which has therefore pushed its growth exponentially in recent decades. Also from a tourist point of view, Ciudad del Este is very popular because starting point for visiting the nearby Iguazu Falls, the Itaipù Dam and the Monday Falls. The city is multicultural and is mostly inhabited by Taiwanese and Lebanese.

  • Best time: from April to October to avoid the hottest months
  • Main attractions: Iguazu Falls, Itaipù Dam, Monday Falls, Moisés Bertoni Museum
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -

3 - Encarnación

Encarnación is the third largest city in the country for economic and commercial importance. Located on the right bank of the Paranà river, in the extreme south of the country, it is connected by a bridge to Posadas, in Argentina, so trade is very dense in this area. The city has about 68.000 inhabitants, characterized by numerous ethnic minorities including Japanese, Germans, Arabs, Ukrainians. It is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. Very suggestive, to visit, are the Jesuit ruins of Jesus de Tavarangue, open sky. The tourist and commercial area on the river, called Costanera, is very lively and full of promenades, restaurants, clubs.

  • Best time: in February, despite the heat, the very characteristic Carnaval Encarnaceno is held here
  • Main attractions: Costanera riverside, Jesuit ruins of Jesus de Tavarangue, San José beach, Catedral Nuestra Senora
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 60,00 per room -

4 - Ñemby

Ñemby is a city in the Grande Asunción conurbation, around the capital. It has a population of around 120.000. The city is made up of 12 districts and in the area there is avery nice natural attraction, the Cerro Ñemby, belonging to the Cordillera de Ybytypanemá chain. It is a rocky area, characterized by a canyon carved by the river, it is possible to visit it totally free for a day in the green. Within the city there are many green parks, such as Plaza Piro'y and Plaza Fulgencio Yegros. The Ñemby skate park, north of the city, is also very famous and well maintained.

  • Best time: from April to October to avoid the hottest and humid months
  • Main attractions: Cerro Ñemby, city parks, skate parks
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 40,00 per room -

5 - Fernando de la Mora

Fernando de la Mora constitutes, together with the other neighboring cities, the huge Grande Asunción urban area around the capital. It has 162.000 inhabitants. In 1939 Fernando de la Mora became an independent city from the nearby district of San Lorenzo: the name of the city was chosen in honor of one of the supporters of the independence of Paraguay. Although there are some chemical and pharmaceutical industries here, Fernando de la Mora is the classic dormitory town: most of the population works in Asunción. Inside the barrìo 6 of the city there is an African community descended from the soldiers who escorted the Uruguayan hero Artigas. The community keeps its tradition very much alive and is a tourist attraction.

  • Best time: in January there is the festival of the African community, called Kamba Kuà, with traditional African songs and dances
  • Main attractions: barrìo 6, Dominga Ruiz Diaz de Pereira square, ecological park
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 40,00 per room -

6 - Lambaré

Lambaré is one of the outlying towns that make up the Grande Asunción urban agglomeration, with 170.000 inhabitants. It was founded in 1766 by Governor Murphy but it was only in the s that it gained administrative independence from the capital Asunción and became a district. It is located right on the bank of the Parana River in front of the small Lambaré Island. The city is very lively and full of shops, trade is the main activity. Visit the Century Plaza shopping center. The most famous attraction is the Resort Yacht & Golf Club Paraguayo, within which there is the Vivant Casino, very exclusive and popular.

  • Best time: from April to October
  • Main attractions: Resort Yacht & Golf Club Paraguayo, Century Plaza shopping center, Lambaré island
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -

7 - Capiatà

Capiatà is about 20 km from the capital Asunción and shares its city borders with San Lorenzo and Luque. It has over 224.000 inhabitants. The city was founded in 1640 and its full name is Nuestra Senora de la Candelaria de Capiatà, from which the town church, still considered one of the main monuments in all of Paraguay. Very interesting to visit, in the city, the Ramon Elias Mythological Museum, which brings together a whole series of Paraguayan mythological figures also linked to the tradition of the Guaranì Indians. Not far away are the shores of Lake Ypacaraì.

  • Best time: from April to October
  • Main attractions: Ramon Elias Mythological Museum, Nuestra Senora de la Candelaria de Capiatà church, Lake Ypacaraì
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 40,00 per room -

8 - San Lorenzo

San Lorenzo, with its population of over 200.000 inhabitants, is also part of the Grande Asunción urban agglomeration. It was initially founded in the second half of the seventeenth century by a community of Jesuits, later expelled from South America. Starting in 1852, the original nucleus abandoned by the Jesuits has become the seat of the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, a symbol of the city with its characteristic light blue facade. San Lorenzo is a very lively center of commerce where to shop and the most important universities in the country are based here, therefore it is a very young and sparkling city.

  • Best time: from April to October, when the subtropical climate grants some respite
  • Main attractions: Cathedral of San Lorenzo, shopping
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -

9 - Luque

Luque is located about 15 km from the capital Asunción, for which it hosts the international airport. In its urban district it has 170.000 inhabitants, and is part of the basin called Grande Asunción. The foundation of Luque dates back to the end of the th century. The city is famous in particular for being a very important sports center for the country: here is the CONMEBOL, the football confederation of South American countries. Among the main activities of the city, craftsmanship and in particular the production of musical instruments are of great importance. One of the most popular attractions is, of course, the South American Futbol Museum. In short, Luque is a stop for true football lovers.

  • Best time: from April to October
  • Main attractions: South American Futbol Museum, Estadio Feliciano Ceceres, Virgen del Rosario Cathedral
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -

10 - Concepción

Concepción is located about 400 kilometers north of the capital Asunción, on the left bank of the Paraguay waterway. The city has about 45.000 inhabitants. It was founded in the late 1700s in order to repel the advance of the Portuguese colonists towards the lands conquered by Spain, and so it remained a military city for a long time. Then, the large land extensions in the surroundings allowed the spread of the large estates, entrusted to the families of the military. Even today agriculture is based on this structure. Today, the increase in population and the confluence of numerous Italian, Syrian and Catalan immigrants has given new impetus to trade and the river port. Very beautiful church of Maria Ausiliatrice dei Salesiani.

  • Best time: from April to October, to avoid the very humid and hot summer climate
  • Main attractions: church of Maria Ausiliatrice, river port, historic center
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 40,00 per room -

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