Nigeria is a colossus in all respects. It is a challenging and well-rounded country: the mere fact of being the most populous nation in Africa it is enough to understand its articulated potential. The territory has very different regions: an agricultural and backward north, an advanced and industrialized south, a subsoil rich in oil and various raw materials, populations divided into tribes from very rich anthropological and cultural heritage. For all these reasons Nigeria is a fascinating place with a strong identity to be lived in depth
- Travel informed: useful information
- When to go: climate and best time
- Okomu Forest Reserve
- Yankari National Park
- Jos Wildlife Park
- Kamuku National Park
- Old Oyo National Park
- What to wear and what to pack
- User questions and comments
Travel informed: useful information
- Inhabitants: 170.000
- Capital: Abuja
- Languages: English (a type of simplified English called broken English) with the addition of hausa, yoruba and igbo
- Local currency: Nigerian Naira (€ 1,00 = 420,233)
- Weather: very varied climate due to the extension of the territory. Far from the equator, we find the rainy season with consequent dry season (spring and autumn); equatorial climate along the coast and along rivers, with rainy summers and dry winters. In the northern area, strong temperature variations.
- vaccinations: anti-malarial prophylaxis, vaccinations against typhus, hepatitis A and B are recommended. In some periods of the year, vaccinations against cholera and meningitis are also recommended.
- Entry requirements: passport and VISA required, obtainable at the Nigerian embassy in Rome, obtaining the following documents: invitation letter, flight plan, certificate of exchange of 1.000 USD, photocopy of passport with 3 free pages, 2 forms for the cost of 62,00 dollars and 20,00 dollars when the application is presented to the consulate, with an average time to obtain the VISA of 10 days.
- Travel / health insurance: recommended.
When to go: climate and best time
Nigeria has various climatic situations throughout the year, with very alternating situations of sunshine and rainfall; however, in principle, the best period is between November and February, when it is difficult to come across consistent rains. We must take into account the high temperatures in these months, certainly never really hot, with the harmattan wind that arrives decisively with its load of dust, but in this way we avoid the intolerable temperatures of spring and the rains of summer.
- Weather: very varied due to the extension of the territory. The rainy season lasts from 4 to 7 months in the region between 8 ° and 11 ° parallel (May-June and September-October), with immediately after the dry season due to the Saharan anticyclone, accompanied by the harmattan dry wind. Approaching the equator, remaining along the coast and in the Niger delta area, the rains are instead constant more or less throughout the year, with 25/26 °. The northern part has strong temperature variations, with the minimum around 13 ° and a maximum over 40 °, especially at the arrival of the rainy season.
- Best time: winter is the best time to go to Nigeria, from November to February (even better January and February due to the higher sunshine).
- Period to avoid: the rainy season and the very hot temperatures are the worst time, ie May-June and September-October.
1 - Okomu Forest Reserve
In the southwestern part of Nigeria, in the Niger River Delta area, it survives the last rainforest: a reserve created in 1999 to protect rare primates and mammals, including the African buffalo and African forest elephant, hundreds of bird species, which ranks between the intensive palm oil and rubber crops to the north and plantations of the South. In this protected patch of land, it is also possible to do water sports, canoeing and crocodile watching. A unique opportunity to experience the reality of an uncontaminated forest, along the Okomu and Osse rivers, surrounded by a perfect organization in complete safety, with guides, shelters for observing wild life and eco-resorts.
- Best time: from November to February
- Recommended duration: 1/3 days
- Average price: starting from € 750,00 per person
2 - Yankari National Park
Yankari Park is located in the state of Bauchi, in the north-eastern part of Nigeria, originally conceived as a 2.200 sq km game reserve back in 1956, then converted into a national park, actually the largest in the country, since 1991. More of 50 mammal species, 350 bird species, the largest group of elephants (300 individuals) and since 2005 a specific lion conservation area, together with magnificent thermal spring waters.
It is therefore a well-known and loved destination for tourists of all kinds: a place where eco-tourism is king, granting its visitors the privilege of living in close contact with wild nature, without sacrificing excessive precious resources. In 2000 alone, the park welcomed more than 20.000 people from 100 different countries: the importance of sustainable tourism also means providing adequate means for the continuation of adequate conservation of this splendid land.
- Best time: from the end of December to the end of April, before the rainy season
- Recommended duration: 1/3 days
- Average price: starting from € 450,00 per person
3 - Jos Wildlife Park
Jos Wildlife Park was established in 1972, in the Plateau capital area (Jos), 4 km from the city center and at an altitude of 1.200 meters, with a breathtaking view of the populous city. From that moment on, he entered by right among the iconic places of Nigeria, in which the total protection of his territory is in force: here man and his environment live in perfect balance.
Elephants, lions and monkeys are the masters, in this reserve of just 8 sq km, together with pythons, marabou, crocodiles, hippos and camels. The park is very well maintained, with play areas for children, picnic areas, a small museum and a restaurant, accessible from morning until late afternoon, with the possibility of horseback riding, even for the little ones.
- Best time: being on a plateau, the climate is temperate, so just avoid the rainy months, i.e. the summer ones: better choose the winter months from October to March
- Recommended duration: 1 day
- Average price: starting from € 20,00 per person
4 - Kamuku National Park
Founded in 1936 as a reserve, it was then elevated to the status of a national park in 1999, thanks to the commitment of the Savannah Conservation Nigeria community, which has always promoted projects for the sustainable use of resources. Located to the north-west of the country, the entire territory is generally flat, with notable points of interest: the Dogon Ruwa waterfalls, the Goron Dutse (an isolated rocky hill in the middle of the plain), the Tsaunin Rema (a from rock strata) with its rock rabbit population.
Kamuku National Park boasts an ecosystem that is among the best preserved, with a very rich variety of trees, a fauna ranging from elephants to monkeys, including many rarities that are present only and exclusively in this territory, including 177 bird species. The area is the home of two main peoples: the Gwari and the Kamuku, with strong agricultural, hunting and herding traditions, combined with the great ability to create terracotta and ceramics.
- Best time: from April to October, torrid temperatures and heavy rains will be avoided
- Recommended duration: 3 days
- Average price: starting from € 350,00 per person
5 - Old Oyo National Park
Located in the south-west of the country, with 2.500 square kilometers of land between 300 and 500 meters above sea level, and a very rich vegetation and fauna. In the north there are several granite rocks, concave and shelters, 4 rivers flow along the territory (Ogun, Owe, Owu and Tessi), hiking trails in the central area where scattered hills and protruding rocks alternate, while the Ikere Gorge dam allows numerous water features to visitors.
- Best time: from November to February, dry and sunny months even if with warm temperatures, but never excessively annoying
- Recommended duration: 5 days
- Average price: starting from € 650,00 per person
What to wear and what to pack
Nigeria, being vast, has several microclimates to which it has to adapt; however there are some items of clothing that should not be missing in your luggage, so as to be able to "defend" itself from any climatic situation. We distinguish in two different periods, just to be more detailed: winter and summer.
In winter, light and light fabrics during the day, preferably in linen and cotton and a light sweater or fleece for the evening with a marked temperature range, in the northern territories and in the capital Abuja in the center of the country. For the south area and the city of Lagos, the same clothing maybe adding a scarf or light scarf against the wind that is always full of dust.
In summer, in general for both the south and the north, fresh and light clothes with the providential sweatshirt for cool evenings, or even a light jacket.
Considering the more backward and less developed situation in the north, with a much more extremist religious climate, sober clothing is more prudent for women you don't show much legs.
- Recommended clothing: light and light fabrics during the day, preferably in linen and cotton, and a light sweater or sweatshirt for the evening.
- Useful accessories: high sun protection and after sun creams, comfortable shoes ranging from flip flops to light boots, a lightweight and waterproof multifunction backpack to keep water and portions of food close at hand.