Ghana is the ideal destination for lovers of nature safaris. With its 16 national parks, reserves and protected areas, it is home to extraordinary wildlife and dream natural habitats.
- Travel informed: useful information
- When to go: climate and best time
- Mole National Park
- Kakum National Park
- Ankasa Conservation Area
- Bia National Park
- Kyabobo National Park
- What to wear and what to pack
- User questions and comments
Travel informed: useful information
- Inhabitants: 28,21 million
- Capital: Accra
- Languages: English
- Local currency: Ghanaian cedi - 1 GHS = € 0,18
- Weather: tropical climate, the "cold" month is almost everywhere March (18-20 ° C), and the hottest August, with an annual average around 26 ° C.
- vaccinations: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for all travelers. The following vaccinations are recommended: yellow fever; diphtheria and tetanus; measles; typhoid fever; hepatitis A; hepatitis B; anger; meningococcal meningitis.
- Entry requirements: a passport with at least 6 months of residual validity is required. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ghana, for reasons of national security, has ordered that all travelers, in addition to the control of passport, visa and the information form filled out for the local immigration authorities, will also be subject to the taking of fingerprints of both the hands. A half-length photo will then be taken, intended to be stored together with the other data in special archives. The entry visa is required, to be requested before departure at the Ghanaian Representation responsible for the applicant's place of residence (in Italy, Ghanaian Embassy in Rome, Honorary Consulates of Ghana in Brescia, Palermo, Turin and L'Aquila ). Before entering the country, the currency held must be declared to customs.
- Travel / health insurance: recommended.
When to go: climate and best time
The climate of Ghana is particularly unstable. The weather conditions and temperatures are in fact subject to proximity / distance from the sea. There is also a long period of drought, due to the Saharan Harmattan wind, which can vary from 4 to 6 months.
- Weather: tropical. The "coldest" month is March, with temperatures ranging from 18-20 ° C, while the hottest is August, with an average temperature of around 26 ° C. In the northern region, from March to September there is the rainy season while in the central and southern areas, those closest to the coast, the rainfall is concentrated in two periods: between April and June and between September and November, the latter concentrated above all along the western coast.
- Best time: it varies according to the chosen area, even if generally it is always concentrated around January. From December to February is the best time to visit the center-north, as the weather is drier and more sunny, albeit with peaks of heat during the day and cold at night, with lows around 10 degrees. The best time to visit the north is November-January, when the climate is milder.
- Period to avoid: the rainy season, which runs from May to September in the north, from April to October in the center, from April to November in the south, from April to June on the coast
1 - Mole National Park
Mole National Park is the largest natural park in Ghana. Located in the north-west of the country, it includes areas of savannah and other riparian areas, at an altitude of 150 m. The diversity of environments has meant that the park became the home of a very varied fauna, made up of herds of elephants, buffaloes, hippos, 344 different species of birds and 33 species of reptiles. Also, the Mole National Park it is the only area where some rare species of antelope and monkeys live, and obviously there is the opportunity to admire them up close.
- Best time: January, when the weather is dry
- Recommended duration: 5 days
- Average price: starting from € 601,00
2 - Kakum National Park
Kakum National Park is one of the largest equipped natural parks in Ghana. The park area is over 350 sq km, mainly covered by rainforest and it is home to around 40 species of large mammals, including elephants, flying squirrels and leopards, over 275 species of birds, numerous reptiles and amphibians. The biodiversity of the flora is such that in some areas of the park there are more than 200 different plant species per hectare. Although large mammals are generally difficult to meet, the large number of bird species makes the Kakum a true birdwatching paradise so much so that at the park headquarters, you can buy a catalog of the registered animal species present in the park. . The main attraction is the Ebony Trail, a path about 350 meters long consisting of rope bridges, at a variable height between 30 and 40 meters.
- Best time: from January to March, when the East-Northeast wind makes the climate mild
- Recommended duration: 1 day
- Average price: admission from 40 Ghanaian cedi (approximately € 7,50)
3 - Ankasa Conservation Area
The Ankasa Conservation Area includes the Nini Suhien National Park and the Ankasa Forest Reserve.
The park is approximately 500 square kilometers in size and largely consists of evergreen tropical rainforest. The Ankasa, Nini and Suhien Rivers pass through the park and are known for their rapids and waterfalls. The forest boasts more than 800 plant species, 639 butterfly species and over 190 types of birds. The area is home to elephants, leopards and several types of monkeys, which is very easy to come across while touring the area. The park includes toilets and running water, as well as numerous benches.
- Best time: January and February, the two relatively driest months of the year
- Recommended duration: 7 day coastal tour
- Average price: starting from € 899,00
4 - Bia National Park
Bia National Park is a 563 square kilometer national park in the western region of Ghana. The park is home to rare varieties of mammals, several endangered species of birds, such as the white-breasted guinea fowl, and some of the tallest trees in West Africa. On one visit, you can see over 100 different bird species, along with numerous elephants and different breeds of chimpanzees.
- Best time: January, when rainfall is rare and the climate mild
5 - Kyabobo National Park
Kyabobo National Park measures 360 square kilometers and is located in the Volta region on the border with Togo. The park is located in a transition zone between the rainforest / tropical and the tree savannah: this means that the fauna of the park includes a large number of elephants, water birds, buffaloes and leopards. In the park there is the highest mountain in Ghana, Mount Dzebobo, which offers a splendid view of Lake Volta, and as many as 500 species of butterflies and 235 of birds.
- Best time: January
What to wear and what to pack
The climate of Ghana is subject to the proximity / remoteness of the area from the sea. The temperature is always around 26 ° C, except for March where temperatures range from 18-20 ° C. So, a summer clothing is just fine: natural fiber is recommended as it does not attract heat. In the evening it is generally cooler, so it's good to have a jacket as well as an umbrella handy in case of sudden showers.
- Recommended clothing: light clothes and natural fiber. A sweatshirt or jacket for the evening.
- Useful accessories: umbrella, raincoat, dust-laden wind scarf