Ranking of the World's Longest Underground Subways - Official Ranking

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Martí Micolau

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

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The subway is a public transport of crucial importance for the development of a city and a nation, it is in fact the fastest way to move around the urban area. The first city to have an underground railway system was London which, in 1863, it inaugurated the first underground network in the world. The development of the city, which took place during the th, th and st centuries, would not have been possible without the subway.
Following the example of the UK capital, many other cities have equipped themselves with an underground transportation system, some have a very vast network that includes both a large extension in terms of kilometers and a significant number of stations. Here she is Ranking of the largest subways in the world, sorted by the length of the entire system.

Top 15 longest subways in the world

5 - Moscow: 397.3 km

  • Year in which it was inaugurated: 1935
  • Year of the latest expansion: 2019
  • Number of stations 232
  • Average annual users: 2.432 million

In addition to being an efficient means of public transport, easy to use even for those unfamiliar with the local language, the Moscow Metro is a place to visit during a trip to the city thanks to the particular beauty of some of its stations (44 stations are considered cultural heritage). According to the city's Transportation Department, the Moscow Metro it is the most punctual in the world, with a percentage of 99,99%: during rush hours only 90 seconds pass between one train and another. It also covered the function of air-raid shelter, during the Second World War, offering shelter to over 500.000 people. There is also a legend linked to the Moscow metro: it seems that the circular line was drawn after, during a meeting, Stalin placed his cup of coffee on the map of the metro. Looking at the circular stain left by the bottom of the cup, Stalin himself ordered a transport line to be created on that path which, even today, is indicated in brown.

4 - London: 402 km

  • Year in which it was inaugurated: 1890
  • Year of the latest expansion: 2008
  • Number of Lines: 11
  • Number of stations: 270
  • Average annual users: 1.340 million

Here the first subway in the world, which still stands out today for its efficiency and reliability. Called by Londoners simply the tube, it has just celebrated its first 150 years. Even Queen Elizabeth often took the subway, not just to go to work but to inaugurate the new lines, such as the Jubilee Line, named in honor of the Queen's Silver Jubilee in 1977. "Underground, the way for all "read an old advertising billboard from 1911 that sponsored the use of this public transport: the metro was conceived to be used by all walks of life. On the wagons and in the stations of the various lines you can meet the most disparate characters, from the distinguished men of the City, to punks and models up to bizarre street artists, perhaps accompanied by their pet. The London Underground also hides its "ghosts": galleries are said to host the spirits of two actors, a nun, a worker with an oil lamp and a young apprentice to a hatter. What fuels these legends? Due to the enlargements that have taken place over the years, the workers have also been forced to dig where there were cemeteries and mass graves which dated back to the period of the seventeenth century plague. Unfortunately, the London underground is also sadly known for the terrorist attacks that took place on the morning of 7 July 2005.

3 - Guangzhou: 514.8 km

  • Year in which it was inaugurated: 1997
  • Year of the latest expansion: 2019
  • Number of stations: 266
  • Average annual users: 3.029,5 million

The construction of this subway has been questioned several times, due to the alleged inadequacy of the land, judged geologically unsuitable the construction of an underground metro system. On January 28, 2013, around 16:40 pm, in the immediate vicinity of the construction site of two stations of lines 6 and 8, it opened a great chasm of about 100 square meters of surface and 10 m of depth, which has swallowed up part of several houses, trees and street furniture. 6 collapses occurred within 40 minutes, two further collapses occurred later at 21pm. The sinkhole caused outages of electricity, gas, water and sewage pipes, in total, 45 families were evacuated, 412 businesses and 103 warehouses and 69 residents had to relocate.

2 - Shanghai: 676 km

  • Year in which it was inaugurated: 1993
  • Year of the latest expansion: 2018
  • Number of stations: 345
  • Average annual users: 3.710 million

Undefeated, the Shanghai metro is confirmed among the longest in the world. It is also the third for annual number of users, and on 30 April 2014 it set a record number of 9,381 million passengers per day. Modern and technological, it offers travelers the possibility of displaying LED screens with advertising and information in both Chinese and English on all cars. Furthermore, some apps can help passengers navigate the various stations, get real-time updates on traffic, receive information on the cost of tickets, etc. The Transrapid or Maglev, the famous and ultra-technological, also operates at the Shanghai metro magnetic levitation train. It is a type of train that travels without touching the rails and can reach speeds of 350 km / h in 2 minutes.

1 - Beijing: 690,5 km

  • Year in which it was inaugurated: 1971
  • Year of the latest expansion: 2019
  • Number of stations: 326
  • Average annual users: 3.850 million

The Beijing subway was the first to be built in mainland China. It underwent a rapid expansion after the announcement of the assignment to the city of the 2008 Olympic Games. Also called the Underground Dragon, it is certainly the most convenient way to get around the city, taking into account that there are so many Chinese, so the journey can be a bit crowded! Despite this, it is possible to appreciate almost maniacal cleaning of both trains and stations, the clear information provided in both Chinese and English, the kindness of the staff who are ready to provide directions at any time. A curiosity: to encourage separate collection, a system has been introduced in the Beijing subway that allows you to travel by paying in… plastic bottles. On line 10 it is possible to insert your used plastic bottles in special dispensers e receive a discount coupon with which to buy the metro ticket.

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