We are used, when we think of the sea and beaches, to imagine ourselves real terrestrial paradises composed of crystalline blue water, soft white sand, marine animals, palm trees and lush vegetation. Unfortunately, not all beaches in the world correspond to this idyllic view!
As is sadly known, in fact, the intensive exploitation of the seas, industrial production, human incivility and neglect also affect some coastal areas around the world, making them dangerously polluted and absolutely not suitable for swimming. According to a study carried out by the WWF, the cause of more than 80% of marine pollution are terrestrial activities: oil spills, dispersion of chemicals and fertilizers, discharge of raw water, waste abandoned by people. The atmosphere also contains substances that can contaminate the soil and seas due to rain. Consequently, it is the maritime areas located near the areas with the highest population density that are most polluted. This bitter ranking therefore takes into account these factors and collects the most polluted stretches of seas in the world, which we have gathered hoping that one day the situation in these places will improve.
15 - Fujiazhuang Beach, China
I'm not alone garbage and industrial waste to pollute the waters, as in the case of this Chinese beach, one of the most popular in the country. Due to its popularity, the beach is considered one of the most polluted in the world. During the summer season, a visitor can barely spread out their towel or immerse themselves in the water without colliding with other people. Even though it is one of the busiest beaches in China, the services are not adequate: just think there is one public bathroom for an average of 10.000 people, so you can imagine what this stretch of sea may contain.
14 - Nakoso Beach, Japan
The official version is that the beaches around Fukushima, Japan are safe and the sea is safe for swimming, despite the devastating nuclear disaster caused by the 2011 tsunami. A campaign has even been promoted with images of smiling children happily bathing in these waters to bring people back to these beaches. Local authorities also argue that the radioactive concentration of the water is negligible. Are we sure that this information corresponds to reality? However, the idea of swimming in a sea so close to a damaged nuclear power plant seems like a completely unnecessary risk.
13 - Dead zone of the Gulf of Mexico, USA, Mexico and Cuba
This area, which includes a large basin that touches the coasts of the United States, Mexico and Cuba, is one of the deemed marine areas among the most polluted in the world. The fertilizers used in agriculture in many American states are poured into this stretch of sea by the Mississippi River, which is why the water is polluted by some dangerous substances such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Hypoxia is the consequence of pollution: the waters no longer contain the oxygen necessary to allow life.
12 - North Atlantic Garbage Patch, Atlantic Ocean
Have you ever heard of the North Atlantic Garbage Patch? It is none other than a huge agglomeration of waste, mainly plastic, which float on the surface of the Atlantic. First spotted in 1972, this floating "island" of garbage is made up of around 20.000 pieces per square kilometer! Due to this maritime landfill, the phenomenon of hypoxia also occurs here, among others ecological problems such as the death of numerous specimens of fish and birds, which ingest plastic waste.
11 - Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Pacific Ocean
This is another floating landfill, this time, however, it pollutes the Pacific Ocean. It has been estimated that the accumulation of garbage covers an area between 700 and 15 million square kilometers. Plastic is king in this too mass of garbage, along with other residues. The ecological damage is immense: hypoxia, destruction of the ecosystem, reduction of the living space of animal species.
10 - Seminyak Beach, Bali
If we think of Bali, dream landscapes, unspoiled nature, heavenly beaches come to mind. Seminyak Beach is one of these popular resorts for its exceptional views, but unfortunately this beach is also struggling with severe pollution. Waste from the city, sewerage, various chemicals and some waste materials, the result of agricultural and industrial processes, pollute this stretch of coast.
9 - Huntington Beach, California (USA)
California is famous for its beaches frequented by tourists from all over the world. This stretch of sea, in particular, suffers the invasion of thousands of people and surfers, responsible for the abandonment of all kinds of waste. It is precisely the surfers who claim that, after riding the waves of the sea, they are subject to illness and physical discomfort. This phenomenon has been repeated cyclically since 1998. Could it be the fault of the garbage and industrial pollution of the area?
8 - Repulse Bay, Hong Kong
Dubbed repulsive bay through a pun with its name and the English word for repulsive, this beach is polluted byconstruction activity in its surroundings. In fact, the waters are polluted waste substances used in construction, which threaten the marine ecosystem but not only. Repulse Bay is also famous for smells unpleasant that there is no way to keep away from the nostrils of citizens and tourists.
7 - Blackpool Beach, Great Britain
Although the coasts of Great Britain are not exactly comparable to other seaside resorts, this particular beach still seems to attract a lot of people. The crowd of people is not at all respectful of the environment, abandoning their waste and making Blackpool Beach one of the most polluted beaches in the world.
6 - Odaiba Bay, Japan
The high concentration of human feces e dangerous bacteria found in the waters of Odaiba Bay necessitated the Bathing prohibition since 2003. Such a shame, as this man-made island in Tokyo Bay is a real beauty.
5 - Marunda Beach, Indonesia
Looking at the images of this place one cannot fail to feel repugnance. Yet, even when the waste layer covering the sea water has started to be significant, careless tourists and fishermen have continued to frequent this place. Obviously the situation got worse and the fishing activity was stopped, the ecosystem seems in fact now compromised.
4 - Chowpatty Beach, India
Located in Mumbai, India, this beach is none other than a huge accumulation of waste, initially left by the boats at sea and then carried to the shore by the current. As if that were not enough, to make matters worse, a ship that, due to an accident, capsized and released into the waters about 60 thousand tons of coal.
3 - Doheny State Beach, California (USA)
Here is another Californian beach, which wins the third position of this ranking. Bathing in this stretch of sea is prohibited, as indicated by numerous warning signs. Again it is the excessive concentration of fecal bacteria to be the cause of sea pollution, as claimed by the Heal the Bay association.
2 - Haina Beach, Dominican Republic
Considered almost like Chernobyl, they are registered on this beach very high levels of lead. The fault lies with a former plant built by the United States to recycle car batteries. At the expense of the population, which since the nineties has reported pathologies attributable to lead poisoning. Those who suffered the most were the children, who developed neurological damage.
1 - Port Phillip Bay, Australia
Here we are at the first position of the ranking, occupied by an Australian beach, which since 2005 has seen real spills waves of waste. If you ever think of crossing this stretch of beach, be very careful: mixed with the grains of sand you will find shards of glass and even syringes! As long as the authorities do not intervene, the coast will maintain the ban on swimming and holding sporting events, such as the Super Sprint Gatorade Triathlon, canceled by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) in 2012.