We often hear about the gap between the northern and southern Italian regions in economic terms: rumors say that the Lombardy is the richest region, While the Campania is among the poorest... but it's true? And what is meant by "rich" and "poor" when speaking of Italian regions?
The classification method
To talk about wealth and poverty, we must start from a classification method that is clear and valid for all regions. The classification method we have chosen is the Pro-capite GDP, Or the Gross Domestic Product for a single individual. As many will know, GDP is the overall indicator of the final goods and services produced in a certain period of time within a country; it can also be interpreted as the value of the wealth and well-being of a country / individual. Let's see the ranking of the 10 richest Italian regions according to GDP.
ISTAT data are updated to 2014 and are compared with those dating back to 2008: in general, the per capita GDP of Italians fell by 10,4%, going from 28.194 to 25.257 euros (-2.937). No Italian region has yet managed to return to pre-crisis levels.
10 - Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 26.429
Friuli-Venezia Giulia loses one position in the per capita GDP ranking compared to 2008, when it stood in 9th place with a value of 29.999. As a percentage, the per capita GDP of Friuli-Venezia Giulia fell by 11,9%.
9 - Piedmont, 26.436
Even Piedmont, while remaining in the top ten of the 10 richest Italian regions, loses a position compared to the ISTAT data of 2008, when it had a per capita GDP of 30.179. There percentage loss in Piedmont was -12,4%.
8 - Liguria, 27.301
Compared to 2008 Liguria loses 2 positions, going from a per capita GDP of 31.748 (2008) to a per capita GDP of 27.301 (2014). Her percentage loss was equal to -14%.
7 - Tuscany, 27.469
Finally one region improving: we are talking about Tuscany, which in 2008 was 10th in the ranking with a per capita GDP of 29.681. In terms of percentage variation, Tuscany also has a minus: - 7,5%.
6 - Veneto, 28.434
Veneto goes from 7th (2008) to 6th (2014) place in the standings according to ISTAT data as regards GDP per capita, but also for him the percentage change is negative: - 9,4%.
5 - Lazio, 30.355
Lazio drops one position compared to 2008, going from a per capita GDP of 34.823 (2008) to a per capita GDP of 30.355. Who knows if the 2020 Olympics would have offered something better ...
4 - Emilia Romagna, 30.874
The per capita GDP of Emilia Romagna fell compared to 2008, but the region rises in the ranking, finishing in 4th place: a step gained since 2008.
3 - Lombardy, 33.272
And here we are at the podium, where Lombardy certainly could not miss:the Pirellone region loses the 1st place in the standings e slips to 3rd position, going from a per capita GDP of 36.948 (2008) to a per capita GDP of 33.272 (2014).
2 - Trentino Alto Adige, 34.856
Like Emilia Romagna, Trentino Alto Adige also has a GDP in decline compared to that of 2008 (36.111), but rises one position in the updated ranking. The autonomous region confirms the general economic well-being compared to many other areas of Italy.
1 - Aosta Valley, 34.981
Valle d'Aosta, like Emilia Romagna and Trentino, also lost GDP per capita from 35.459 in 2008 to 34.981 in 2014. In the general ranking, however, now conquers the first position, climbing from the second to the first step of the podium.
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