Ranking of the 8 most Great pyramids of the World

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Joel Fulleda

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

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If we think about the pyramids they immediately come to mind the incredible Egyptian constructions, or we are led to think about ancient buildings seen in school books. But the pyramids are not only those and they do not necessarily have the "classic" shape. You could say which are the largest in the world and where are they located? We tell you!

8 - La Danta: 0,9 million m³

El Mirador is a large pre-Columbian site. It is located in the northern part of the El Petén department in Guatemala. Its location is very far from the usual tourist routes but it is one of the largest archaeological sites of the Mayan era. It developed from the th century BC, reaching its maximum splendor between the rd and nd century AD. Subsequently it is assumed that the site was abandoned for several generations, until it was later reoccupied and then left to itself again. El Mirador extends over one area of ​​about 25 square kilometers, on which there are a large number of buildings. The most important are three large complexes consisting of a large artificial platform on which several pyramids were built. One of them is La Danta: the tallest Mayan building that has come down to us.

  • Where is it: Guatemala
  • Height: 70 m
  • Width: platform over 300 x 600 m wide and 10 m high
  • Inclination: not definable as it is made up of different parts and buildings

7 - Pyramid of the Sun: 1,2 million m³

E' the largest building in Teotihuacan ed one of the largest in all of Mesoamerica. The Pyramid of the Sun was built near the Pyramid of the Moon and the Citadel. It is part of the large complex in the heart of the city of Teotihuacan. The name was given to it by the Aztecs who rediscovered the city centuries after its abandonment, so in reality we do not know the true and original one.
The pyramid was built in two phases and is thought to have come used to venerate a divinity of the Teotihuacan civilization. Unfortunately, the destruction of the temple above the pyramid itself prevented archaeologists from identifying it.

  • Where is it: Mexico
  • Height: 71,17 m
  • Width: 223,5 m
  • Tilt: 32,5 degrees

6 - Luxor Hotel: 1,228 million m³

It's a multipurpose structure which serves as the hotel, casino and entertainment venue of Las Vegas. It is located at the south end of the famous Strip, opposite McCarran International Airport. It is nestled between Excalibur and Mandalay Bay and the three structures are linked together by an internal railway! Thanks to its shape and its unequivocal reference to Ancient Egypt, it is one of the most recognizable hotel-casinos in the city. Has been one of the first themed hotels to be built. IS the only hotel in the world equipped with inclinators: special elevators that go up and down obliquely (39 °) following the inclination of the pyramid itself. At the tip of the Luxor Hotel there is a kind of really powerful and visible lighthouse even from space.

  • Location: Las Vegas, United States
  • Height: 110 m
  • Width: 183 m the side of the base
  • Inclination: not specified, but it is a scale model of the famous Great Pyramid of Giza

5 - Rhomboidal pyramid: 1,237 million m³

Il southern pyramid complex of Snefru, better known as the rhomboid pyramid, is the ensemble of the sovereign's funerary buildings. It was built in Dahshur and is of extreme importance in the Egyptian architectural evolution: in fact it marks the passage of the funerary complexes from the ancients with step pyramids to the following ones with classic pyramids. It never housed the mortal remains of the ruler as he should have done because the latter already possessed the step pyramid of Meidum as a tomb. He decided, however, to continue the construction of this incredible complex.

  • Where is it: Egypt
  • Height: 105 m
  • Width: 190 m the side of the base
  • Tilt: between 43 ° 22 'of the height and 54 ° 27'44' 'of the base

4 - Red pyramid: 1,69 million m³

Also known as the North Pyramid, it is the largest of the three great pyramids of the Dahshur necropolis. It owes its name to reddish tint that distinguishes it. It is the third Egyptian pyramid in order of height after that of Cheops and Chefren. At the time of its creation it was the tallest building in the world. It also was the first pyramid designed to be truly geometric, that is, with flat faces. The pyramid has not always been "red": once, in fact, it was completely covered with white limestone from Tura. During the Middle Ages, almost all the roofing was removed and reused for the construction of Cairo. Since then, the pyramid has been reddish because by doing so, the sandstone below was actually brought to light. In 1952 the remains of an unidentified mummy were found inside.

  • Where is it: Egypt
  • Height: 105 m
  • Width: 220 m the side of the base
  • Tilt: 43 ° 22 '

3 - Pyramid of Chefren: 2,21 million m³

The Pyramid of Chefren, th ruler of the th dynasty, is located on the Giza plateau. In its lower half it presents large rough and irregular blocks arranged with poor accuracy. The pyramid it mistakenly appears higher than that of Cheops because it was built on a rock base about 10 meters high. One of its peculiarities is that of being the only pyramid that preserves on the top a part of the covering in white Tura limestone (which originally covered the entire structure). The only funerary furniture found is a sarcophagus of red granite completely devoid of inscriptions and even broken. They found some bovine bones nearby.

  • Where is it: Egypt
  • Height: 136 m
  • Width: 216 m
  • Tilt: 53 ° 10 '

2 - Pyramid of Cheops: 2,58 million m³

The Pyramid of Cheops, also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza or the Pyramid of Khufu, is the oldest and largest of the three main pyramids of the Giza necropolis, in Egypt. IS the most ancient of the seven wonders of the ancient world e the only one still mostly intact.

It was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3.800 years, until around 1300 AD
Originally the pyramid had a smooth cover: what we can now observe is the underlying basic structure. Inside, three chambers have been discovered. The pyramid complex included two mortuary temples in honor of Cheops, three smaller pyramids for the queens, an even smaller one, and a causeway connecting the two temples, as well as small tombs for the nobles around the pyramid itself.
Inside it was not found any coffin or funerary equipment, given that, with great probability, the pyramid was sacked in ancient times. Today access is allowed to a maximum of 100 people per day and it is forbidden to take photographs inside.

  • Where is it: Egypt
  • Height: 146,6 m
  • Width: 230,36 m
  • Tilt: 51 ° 50 '40' '

1 - Pyramid of Cholula: 4.5 million m³

E' the largest pyramid in the world, but not only! It is also considered as the largest pyramid ever built by man. It consists of four superimposed constructive moments, of which currently only one has been unearthed. The pyramid today appears as a natural hill covered with grass, divided into four steps. It originally possessed 365 steps to symbolize the days of the year. On its summit, where the temple once stood, today there is the Catholic church of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios of 1594. It is located here because the Spaniards decided to superimpose a church on an Aztec sacred place for two reasons: as a gesture of purification and as an imposition of a new religion and a new society.

  • Where is it: Mexico
  • Height: 64 m
  • Width: 500 m
  • Tilt: currently impossible to determine as most of it is underground

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