Ranking of the 14 Largest Domes in the World

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Martí Micolau

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

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What is a dome?

The dome is an architectural form and element that has been used since ancient times: it is estimated that the first domes appeared as early as the Mesopotamian era. Over the centuries domes have been built in different materials and for the most varied purposes: housing, defensive, beautification. In past centuries, the dome was widely used in palaces or thermal sites to assert their superiority in terms of beauty and importance, while as far as religious buildings are concerned, the dome has played an essentially symbolic function, in reference to the race towards heaven. In modern times, domes are used for different types of buildings and constructions, including sports facilities, museums, gardens, airports.
Let's see together an updated ranking of the 14 largest domes in the world.

What are the 14 largest domes in the world?

14 - Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae - Greece

Also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon, this incredible domed vaulted tomb is one of the most famous funerary monuments of antiquity, and is located near the Mycenae Fortress.

  • Height: 13 m
  • Diameter: 14.5 m
  • Characteristics: built in masonry

13 - St. Peter's Basilica - Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica is the largest of Rome's papal basilicas, as well as the symbol par excellence of Catholicism and Vatican City.

It was designed by Michelangelo and completed by Giacomo dalla Porta.

  • Height: 133 m
  • Diameter: 41,47 m
  • Characteristics: built in masonry

12 - Pantheon, Rome - Italy

Temple dedicated to the deities, it is a circular building with a portico formed by Corinthian columns in front. During the 4th century the Pantheon was converted into a Christian basilica, which allowed it to remain unharmed by the sacking carried out by the Popes to the buildings of classical Rome.

  • Height: 21,7 m
  • Diameter: 43.4 m
  • Features: built in concrete, it is decorated with five rows of twenty-eight arches.

11 - Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence - Italy

In the Duomo of Florence is the famous Brunelleschi Dome, still the largest masonry dome ever built.
Inside the dome are the frescoes of the Last Judgment by Vasari whose death was succeeded by Federico Zuccari.

  • Height: 34 m
  • Diameter: 45,5 m
  • Characteristics: built in masonry

10 - Devonshire Royal Hospital, Buxton - England

Building also known as "Devonshire Dome", is a building dating from the eighteenth century signed by the architect John Carr. The dome was later added by another famous architect, Robert Rippon Duke. It is currently home to the campus of the University of Derby.

  • Height: 34 m
  • Diameter: 46.9 m
  • Features: constructed of steel and clad with tiles.

9 - Centennial Hall, Wroclaw - Poland

Historic building built in the early 1900's, it was erected to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage site and is used for various sporting and musical events.

  • Height: 43 m
  • Diameter: 65 m
  • Characteristics: built in reinforced concrete

8 - Bojangles' Coliseum, North Carolina - United States

Arena of almost 9,000 seats whose construction began in 1953. When the building opened in 1955, it had the largest unsupported dome in the world.

  • Height: 34 m
  • Diameter: 101.5 m
  • Features: built in structural steel

7 - Belgrade Fair, Belgrade - Serbia

The Belgrade Fair, Pavilion 1 to be exact, opened in 1957 and boasted the primacy of the largest dome from 1957 to 1965.

  • Height: 30.78 m
  • Diameter: 109 m
  • Characteristics: built in prestressed reinforced concrete.

6 - Astrodome, Huston - United States

Texas sports pavilion that can accommodate more than 67,000 people. It is used for different types of events, not only sporting but also musical events.

  • Height: 63 m
  • Diameter: 195.5 m
  • Features: built in concrete

5 - Mercedes-Benz Superdrome, New Orleans - USA

New name of Louisiana Superdrome, it is a famous stadium inaugurated in 1975 after 4 years of construction.

  • Height: 77 m
  • Diameter: 207 m
  • Characteristics: built in laminate

4 - Georgia Dome, Atlanta - United States

Stadium with an imposing dome: when it opened in 1992 it was the largest domed structure in the world. The cost of its construction exceeded $214 million dollars.

  • Height: 82.50 m
  • Diameter: 256 m
  • Characteristics: made of Teflon and glass.

3 - Ōita Stadium, Ōita - Japan

Also known as "The Big Eye", this stadium was built for the 2002 World Cup in South Korea and Japan.

Its capacity is about 40,000 seats.

  • Height: 57.46 m
  • Diameter: 274 m
  • Characteristics: made of Teflon and titanium panel.

2 - AT&T Stadium, Arlington - United States

This stage, formerly called Cowboy Stadium, has a capacity of approximately 101 and an incredible dome-shaped sliding roof.

  • Height: 70 m
  • Diameter: 275 m
  • Characteristics: made of Teflon

1 - Singapore National Stadium, Tanjong Rhu - Singapore

Here we are in the building that currently holds the record, the Singapore National Stadium has the largest dome in the World: this is the national stadium of Singapore, opened in June 2014 with the aim of hosting different types of sports, as well as concerts and various events. The domed roof can be opened and closed in about 25 minutes.

  • Height: 80 m
  • Diameter: 310 m
  • Features: made of ETFE (ethylene tetrafluoroethylene), a water-resistant polymer capable of blocking the sun's rays.

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