The famous Malbork Castle is located in Poland, about sixty kilometers from Gdansk, in the northern region of Pomerania, overlooking the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. This monumental and imposing fortress is also known by the German name of Ordensburg Marienburg, which is closely linked to the history of the Teutonic Order, which was responsible for the construction of the castle. The "castle of Mary" bears this name due to the affiliation of the Order to the figure of the Virgin Mary, who is the protector of the order.
This charming building, universally regarded as the largest fortified Gothic monument in all of Europe, was built in the XNUMXth century. Following its construction, an inhabited center began to develop around it, and it was thus that the homonymous town of Marienburg originated. The Malbork Castle it became an important and powerful logistic and military center, as well as representing one of the most important states in the Baltic. Over time, following countless vicissitudes, the area was taken by the Poles and the city took on its current name of Malbork.
Malbork Castle stands on the southeastern bank of the fiume Nogat, in a strategically very favorable position. By means of the river, the castle has always been able to communicate and trade with other towns in the region through its boats. The Ordensburg Marienburg was built on the remains of a pre-existing convent, which was remodeled, enlarged and turned into a fortress with all the trappings.
The castle has a plant typically Gothic, with its characteristic watchtowers. The building is organized in three distinct sections, separated by towers and moats. The upper section, which contains the ancient conventual remains; the middle section, which includes the servants' residences obtained from the ancient cells of the friars; the lower section, which housed all the castle's paraphernalia. For a long time the castle served mainly as a defensive stronghold and, during the late Middle Ages, the castle came to accommodate almost three thousand people!
Numerous are housed within the Malbork Castle churches and chapels, which represent one of the main attractions of the fortress. We recommend that you first stop in the beautiful and evocative chapel of Sant'Anna, which was the private chapel of the lords of the castle, who were traditionally buried here. We also point out the beautiful internal courtyard, dotted with a fine Gothic-style portico.
Malbork Fortress is a perfect example of a medieval castle and is among the most important historical monuments in Poland as well as being the largest brick castle in the world. The castle houses a very interesting inside Museum, which, together with the fortress complex, have now been registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1997.
The museum of this enchanting castle includes numerous objects and finds related to the history of the fortress and the life that took place there. The core of this museum is based on the fund donated by an important XNUMXth century collector, Theodore von Blell, who donated numerous artifacts. Among these stand out numerous armours of different origins, including some that came from Asia. The castle also houses a large historical archive, inside which important documents and documents of the period are kept, as well as valuable prints.
The Malbork Castle Museum also houses a Archaeological section, which houses some tiles from the Imperial City of Beijing and even a series of bricks from the Chinese wall. The museum also houses a beautiful collection of Gothic art, with some impressive altars dating from the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries. We also find a vast and varied collection of coins, of which over ten thousand specimens are preserved.
Castles Europe Poland
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