Massachusetts

Who I am
Martí Micolau
@martimicolau
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Index

  • Historical notes
  • Religion
  • Curiosity

Located in the heart of the New England, the state of Massachusetts is bordered to the south by Rhode Island and Connecticut, to the west by the state of New York, to the north by Vermont and New Hampshire and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.

Of all 50 states, Massachusetts is the seventh smallest, yet it is the 14th most populous and third most densely populated.



Massachusetts extends from the mountains of the Appalachian west to the sandy beaches and rocky shores of the Atlantic coast; several large bays distinctly form its coast.

Its name derives from an indigenous word that can be fragmented like this: mass-adchu-s-it. This means "near the hill”Or“ near the Blue Hills ”, probably referring to Blue hills on the border of Milton and Canton.

Its capital, Boston, is the largest city in the state and one of the most liveable in America, with more than 600.000 residents. It is located in the deepest point of the bay, at the mouth of the Charles River, the longest in Massachusetts. Other major cities in the state are Springfield, Cambridge, Worcester e Lowell.

Originally dependent on fishing, agriculture and trade, Massachusetts became a manufacturing center during the industrial revolution, while in the 21th century the manufacturing sector gave way to the service sector, until, in the XNUMXst century, the The state of Massachusetts has become a leader in higher education, health technology, and financial services.

Historical notes

The Bostonian John Adams he was an important figure in both struggles for independence as well as in the formation of the United States of America.
Adams was heavily involved in the struggle for separation from Britain and in writing the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, in which they proclaimed for the first time i universal civil rights as "all men are born free and equal", thanks to which slavery was abolished in this state.



In the years leading up to the Civil War, Massachusetts was a center of progressive and abolitionist activity.
Henry David Thoreau e Ralph Waldo Emerson they made the greatest contribution to American thought. Members of the transcendental movement highlighted the importance of the natural world and human emotions.

Although significant opposition to abolitionism was first present in Massachusetts, following the anti-abolitionist times in 1835 and 1837, opposition to slavery gradually grew over the following decades.
Massachusetts was the first state to recruit black troops and white officers, forming the 54th Infantry Regiment.

Religion

Massachusetts was founded and colonized by the Puritans in 1628. The descendants of the Puritans belong to many different Churches; in direct line of inheritance are the Congregational Churches, the United Church of Christ and the Unitary Universalist Association. Most of the population in Massachusetts was Christian.
Today, Protestants are less than a quarter of the state's population. Roman Catholics are now in the majority due to huge immigration from Ireland mainly, followed by Spain, Portugal, Quebec and Latin America.

But there is still a small percentage of people of other religions and philosophies in Massachusetts, such as Jews, Muslims, Episcopals, atheists, Baptists, Mormons, Hindus and others.

Curiosity

  • Massachusetts has played a significant historical, cultural, and commercial role in American history. Plymouth it was the place where the colony dai was founded in 1620 Pilgrims, travelers of the Mayflower and the following year the first Thanksgiving was celebrated.
  • The university of Harvard, founded in 1636 in Cambridge, is the oldest institution of higher education in the United States.
  • In 1692, the city of Salem she had become one of the most experienced of the notorious cases of mass hysteria: the Salem witch trials.
  • In the second half of the 18th century, Boston became known as the "cradle of freedom”Following the movement born of the American Revolution and the Independence of the USA from Great Britain.
  • - Olympic sports basketball and volleyball were invented in Massachusetts, respectively in Springfield and Holyoke.
  • In November 2012, a law was passed to eliminate the crime and the civil penalty formedical use of marijuana. In 2008, possession of marijuana was legalized for less than one ounce (just over 28 grams).
MASSACHUSETTS, MA – 42.34N, 71.02W STATE MAP - OFFICIAL SITE
ABNAMED: “The Bay State” or “The Old Colony State”
ORIGIN NAME: When the Pilgrims Fathers arrived there in 1620, the current territory of the state was inhabited by Massachusetts Indians.
CAPITAL: Boston
OTHER CITIES': -
MEMBER UNION FROM: 6 February 1788 (6th estate)
POPULATION: 6.175.169
CAPITAL POPULATION: 684.379 from.
COUNTY NUMBER: 14
POOR PEOPLE: 10,7%
MOTTO: “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty”
TREE: American Elm
BIRD: Chickadee
FLOWER: Mayflower
SONG: All Hail to Massachusetts
FLAG: On the white field is the blue shield with the image of a Massachusetts Native American. He holds a bow in one hand and an arrow in the other. The down arrow represents peace. The white star represents Massachusetts as one of the original thirteen states. Around the blue shield is the motto of this state: "By the sword we seek peace, but peace inly under liberty" (from the sword we seek peace, but peace only under freedom). The flag was adopted in 1915 and amended in 1971.
Economics
- AGRICULTURE: Seafood, dairy products, blueberries, vegetables.
- INDUSTRY : Scientific instruments, tourism.
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