- Historical notes
- To see
- Natural parks
Il Maine is a North American state on the border with Canada, bathed in the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and bordered for a short stretch to the southwest by New Hampshire. The capital is Augusta but the best known city is Portland.
The territory of Maine is mostly mountainous in the north, hilly in the east and south and close to the sea. The coasts of Maine are flat in the south, more irregular in the north, full of islands among which the best known is Mount Desert. The climate is continental, with a lot of rainfall, especially on the coast, and temperatures that rarely exceed 22-23 degrees in summer. Along the coastal strip, phenomena such as hurricanes are not rare.
There are around 1600 lakes in Maine, the largest of which is Moosehead Lake. The most important river is the Saint John, which continues into Canada.
The territory of Maine was one of the first to be studied by European explorers, before their arrival it was inhabited by various Algonquian tribes. It was then called a colony and incorporated by Massachusetts in 1691. It then struggled to separate from it but only in 1820 was it recognized as the twenty-third state of the United States. The definitive borders with the Canadian province of New Brunswick were only established in 1842. Maine sided with the Northerners in the Secession War, and at that time the state economy opened up to new industries and new crops. Beginning in the XNUMXth century, the state began producing hydroelectricity and created many papermaking plants.
Although in recent decades Maine has seen the arrival of many tourists, it still remains one of the poorest states in the United States.
Curiosity: the Portland native writer Stephen King he set many of his most famous books in the woods and villages of Maine, including “Carrie”, “La zona morta” and “Cose precious”.
A Portland the historic center is definitely worth a visit. Also very interesting is the Art district, a district of "alternative" shops and clubs, where shopkeepers sell objects made with recycled materials and where the streets are full of painters, rappers, guitarists and other artists who perform spontaneously. Also not to be missed is a visit to the Casco Bay, a natural inlet full of islands.
On the border with Canada it is located Kennebunkport, a delightful Victorian-style town with a beach of fine white sand.
Other characteristic places, where you can rediscover the flavor of "Old America" are Sargentville e Castle.
There is a wide variety of choices in typical Maine cuisine: from lobster served with salad, fried potatoes and fish broth, to exquisite Ducktrap River salmon. Very characteristic is the lobster sandwich, in which the taste of the crustacean pulp is enhanced by a few added elements, such as lettuce and mayonnaise.
Maine is the world's leading producer of canned sardines.
The most famous park in Maine is the National Park of Acadia, under Mount Cadillac. It is a park that is home to about 350 animal species and 200 types of plants and has a breathtaking view. Other parks in Maine are Baxter State Park and the White Mountains National Forest.
|MAINE, ME – 44.33N, 69.73W||STATE MAP - OFFICIAL SITE|
|ABNAMED: “The Pine Tree State”|
|ORIGIN NAME: The state derives its name from "maine", a word used by the English to distinguish mainland (continent) from the sun.|
|OTHER CITIES': -|
|MEMBER UNION FROM: 15 March 1820 (23th state)|
|CAPITAL POPULATION: 18.605 from.|
|COUNTY NUMBER: 16|
|POOR PEOPLE: 10,7 % water content|
|MOTTO: “Dirigo (“I lead” or “I direct”)”|
|TREE: White Pine|
|FLOWER: Pine Cone and Tassel|
|SONG: State of Maine Song|
|FLAG: In the center of the flag is a moose resting under a pine tree. A farmer and a sailor represent the work that people did in the early days. Under the North Star is indicated the motto: "Dirigo". The flag was adopted in 1909.|
- AGRICULTURE: Seafood, poultry and eggs, potatoes, dairy products, livestock, blueberries, apples.
- INDUSTRY : Products derived from paper, wood, food processing, leather products, textiles, tourism.
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