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Lluis Enric Mayans

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references


  • Historical notes
  • To be seen
  • Curiosity

La Louisiana it is a state in which the link with the territory and with the history of the past are very strong, consequently there are widespread occasions of commemoration with music and dances of events that belong to the history of the state and to the different populations that inhabit it.

The territory of northern Louisiana is mainly made up of hills and verdant pine forests while more swampy spaces are concentrated in the south but with the charm linked to the influences of Afro-Caribbean atmospheres.

Louisiana borders with Mississippi, Arkansas and Texas, while in the southern part the coasts are in contact with the Gulf of Mexico.
The capital of Louisiana is Baton Rouge.

The name "Louisiana" derives from Louis XIV of France, in honor of which the conqueror Cavelier named the conquered territory.

All of Louisiana is crossed by the Mississipi River which flows for about a thousand kilometers before reaching the waters of the Gulf of Mexico.
The climate of the state is sub tropical, which means that the summers are very long and the winters mild. An affliction of Louisiana is the frequent hurricanes, about 50 of them every year, in addition to the tornadoes that also hit these lands with some annual frequency.

Historical notes

Louisiana was a territory of conquest by the Spaniards first, the British and finally the French. The state became part of the American Union in 1812. New Orleans became the capital of the colony, trade in rice, tobacco, sugar cane and cotton began, also taking advantage of transport along the waters of the Mississippi. Since its annexation to the Union, Louisiana has been a territory of both political, economic and racial conflicts, especially due to the presence of the black population exploited in the plantations.

Starting from the twentieth century, the discovery of oil fields gave new impetus to the economy, jagged and hampered by frequent internal struggles, thus adding the beginning of industrialization and attention from tourists. To this day, however, racial issues continue to remain latent in the daily life of the state.

To be seen

New Orleans is a city capable of offering unique atmospheres to its inhabitants and visitors. A melting pot of lifestyles and traditions, African, Spanish, French, Spanish, Caribbean, all converge in a culture that becomes mixing and fusion, from music to cuisine, to dance, New Orleans is never predictable. City with an ancient European taste with strong Afro-American testimonies, it presents elegance alongside debauchery, its strong point is the French Quarter with the suburbs next to it. The city has a renowned artistic tradition and is home to one of the Carnivals most famous in the world.

The capital Baton Rouge takes its name from the red poles planted by the Indians to mark their border areas. The city is smaller than New Orleans but offers a few museums to trace the history of the state.

A trip along the rivers of Louisiana allows you to get close to the marshy areas, full of adventure and mythical crocodiles.


Two main languages ​​are spoken in Louisiana: English and French. More exactly not the French of France but the so-called Cajun, that is the language of the French colonists exiled by the British from Canada and who, having reached these lands, integrated with the natives.

ABNAMED: “The Pelican State”
ORIGIN NAME: In 1682 Robert Cavalier Sieur de La Salle, a French explorer, discovered the region and named it in honor of Louis XIV.
CAPITAL: Baton Rouge
OTHER CITIES': New Orleans
MEMBER UNION FROM: April 30, 1812 (18th state)
POPULATION: 4.372.035
POOR PEOPLE: 18,4 % water content
MOTTO: “Union, justice and confidence”
TREE: Bald Cypress
BIRD: Brown Pellican
FLOWER: Magnolia
SONG: Give me Louisiana
FLAG: The flag is made up of a group of pelicans which are the symbolic birds of the state. Underneath is the Louisiana motto: "union, justice, trust". The flag was adopted in 1912.
- AGRICULTURE: Seafood, cotton, soy, livestock, sugar cane, poultry and eggs, dairy products, rice.
- INDUSTRY : Chemicals of petroleum and coal, food processing, paper products, tourism.
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