It is celebrated tomorrow 12 February, as usual, the birthday of Abraham Lincoln, the American President born in Hardin County, Kentucky in 1809 and assassinated in Washington DC on April 14, 1865.
He was the sixteenth President of the United States of America, the first to belong to the Republican Party. In some states, namely Connecticut, Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey and New York, February 12 is considered a public holiday. Most government offices, schools and businesses are closed.
Lincoln had the merit of having defended the federal unity of the Nation against the Confederate States of the South in the Civil War, but above all of having abolished slavery with the Proclamation of Emancipation in 1862.
He was, and still is, as he is remembered every year, one of the most popular presidents in the history of the United States of America.
During this celebratory day, there are several re-enactments, concerts and parties organized in memory of this prominent man. A wreath of flowers is placed on his grave and the reading of the battle of Gettysburg continues at Lincoln memorial of Washington DC. Abraham was considered, as the history books write, "the big emancipator, the splitter, rail and the honest abe".
Several works of art, books are dedicated to him but first of all the Lincoln Memorial monument stands out in the National Mall in Washington DC.
The building resembles the shape of a Greek temple. The statue, in white marble, representing the President, is located in the center. It is about six meters high and was attended by the architect Henry Bacon, the sculptor Daniel Chester French and the painter-decorator Jules Guerin who, ultimately, took care of the wall decorations.
The director too Steven Spielberg he wanted to pay homage to him by dedicating to him the film “Lincoln” nominated for 12 Academy Awards and we find it in Spanish cinemas since the end of January this year.
The film narrates the last months of his presidency, dedicated to his battle for the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution, the one that made slavery illegal. It was Mary, his wife - played by Sally Field - who discovered Lincoln when he was a young lawyer and was the first to understand his outstanding gifts.
Happy Birthday Mr. President.
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