From the second half of the th century the artistic period of Rinascimento. It was just then that some cities flourished greatly enriching themselves with monumental and urban pearls that we can still admire today. Just then the utopian concept of "Ideal City" spread: urban settlement from perfectly harmonious proportions.
Between 1350 and 1500, the cities changed their conformation in order to reach the rational ideal. Palaces and churches were built characterized by one style that intended to return to the classical orders. However, only a few of these cities have been able to preserve these riches in excellent condition, keeping their charm intact. Here are some of the most beautiful Italian Renaissance cities to visitEtc.
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La homeland of the Renaissance it really was Firenze, already a very important center in medieval times. In the Tuscan capital, Renaissance architecture mixes with the features of the Florentine Romanesque style, appreciable in religious structures such as the Basilica of San Miniato al Monte.
Here there are really many buildings, some of these kept within the ancient walls historic center UNESCO World Heritage.
World famous Duomo, Whose dome was built by master Brunelleschi, one of the greatest architects of the time.
Equally fabulous Pistoia, whose Renaissance features emerge above all in religious constructions. In the beautiful Piazza del Duomo mixes Renaissance elements with Romanesque and Gothic styles which characterizes the structures present. Among these we find:
- San Zeno Cathedral;
- Campanile Tower;
- Palace of the Bishops;
- Praetorian Palace;
- city Hall;
- Former Church of Santa Maria Cavaliera.
- Tower of Catilina.
In 1492, at the behest of the Duke of Ferrara Hercules I, a very important urban work was built called by historians "Addizione Erculea". For economic and defensive reasons, the duke decided to double the extension of the city following mathematical and rational principles, so the area north of the castle was annexed to the city core by enlarging the ancient medieval walls. It was precisely on the occasion of the realization of the project entrusted to the architect Biagio Rossetti, which arose some of the most beautiful Renaissance structures of Ferrara. The itinerary that leads to the discovery of these wonders starts from Castle, and then continue along Corso Ercole I d'Este, in the middle of which is the Palace of the Diamonds. Equally important is the Massari Palace, and the wide Ariostea square. The path leads up to Temple of San Cristoforo and then end with a visit to the home of Ludovico Ariosto.
Urbino perfectly preserves theRenaissance architectural heritage. It is the city that comes closest to ideal model, as well as one of the most important centers of the Italian Renaissance. Very rich from a cultural and historical point of view, i medieval and Renaissance features they are still clearly visible walking through the streets of the center.
His own historical center is present in the list of UNESCO Humanitarian Heritage. The pinnacle of beauty is reached in the splendid Ducal Palace, Home of the National Gallery of the Marche. Right here is kept the fascinating painting that portrays the "Ideal City", made by an unknown author.
In addition to being a notable seaside resort, Pesaro is a center rich in Renaissance monuments between churches, stately mansions and others artistic masterpieces
Among these we find:
- Ducal Palace, home where the prestigious families lived Sforza e Della Rovere;
- Church of S. Agostino;
- Church of S. Giovanni Battista;
- Palazzo Toschi Mosca and its courtyard.
Pienza is a small town in the Province of Siena, whose Old Town has been awarded the prestigious award of UNESCO heritage. The town planning of Pienza is another important example of application of the principles of the "Ideal City". Initially the restructuring wanted by Pope Pius II, had to be limited to the historic center only, only later it was decided to continue the project by extending it to the whole town. The works were commissioned to Bernardo Rossellino and at the end of these the Cathedral, Town Hall and those of Borgia families e Piccolomini.
Also Mantova has been declared Humanitarian Heritage for its remarkable beauty. The environmental context alone gives the city a truly unique charm: Mantua presents itself as a small town surrounded by three artificial lakes made in past eras for defensive purposes. The city is inextricably linked to stately family to the Gonzaga, which made it one of the most popular courts in the Renaissance period.
Among the places not to be missed:
- Ducal Palace,
- Palazzo della Ragione and Palazzo del Podestà,
- Clock tower,
- Palazzo Te.
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