Since December 2014, regulations have been in force for the safety and health protection of traveling animals, especially for the protection of their illegal trade.
If you want to travel with your pet, even for him the use of a passport is required, a real identification document.
The pet must travel with the owner which is indicated in the document, or with a person authorized by the owner but who does not have commercial purposes with the animal.
It is also important to know that it is not possible to travel with more than 5 animals, because it is considered a "commercial trip". However, there are some exceptions where animals are older than 6 months e are intended to participate in exhibitions or competitions. The owner must show proof of registration for the event.
The passport replaces the animal's health book, in fact it must report the certification of all vaccines carried out (especially the anti-rabies which is mandatory) and the personal data of the animal and the owner.
Let's see what they are together the steps for obtaining a pet passport.
- Who issues the passport for animals
- Procedure and release times
- Vaccinations required
- Cost of the passport
- Regulation according to the destination
- User questions and comments
Who issues the passport for animals
Veterinary services of the ASL these are the offices to contact for issuing the document.
To obtain it, the animal must be registered in the Regional Registry of Affectionate Animals and have a microchip, or alternatively a legible identification tattoo (valid only if applied before 3 July 2011).
Procedure and release times
The passport is issued only from the age of three months of the animal, as before 12 weeks it cannot be subjected to the rabies vaccine. To the veterinary offices of the ASL the following documentation must be submitted:
- the animal to check the legibility of the microchip or tattoo;
- the certificate of registration in the Canine Registry;
- the health card, with the certification of valid rabies vaccination. Without this vaccine the animal cannot leave, so it must be done first. In the event that the vaccine has to be recalled, after the document has been issued, this data will be entered directly on the passport;
- the receipt of the payment (the price varies from region to region, on average in Italy they spend from € 5,00 to € 15,00);
- a valid identity document and the tax code of the adult owner.
The passport is issued on sight and it has no expiration, the expirations of vaccines apply.
Generally the 12-month deadline for recalling the rabies vaccine must be respected.
In the event that the trip is planned with less notice, just make the recall at least 21 days before departure.
The EU passport has specific characteristics: has a blue cover; the EU emblem; the ISO code and the univocal numbering of the country are specified; and must be in the official language and English language.
There is only one mandatory vaccine that allows you to travel abroad: theanti-rabies.
If the destination of your choice is Great Britain, Ireland, Sweden or a third country on EU territory (for example the Principality of Monaco), the treatment against Echinococcus multilocularis e an immunoassay test of rabies antibodies.
Your vet will have to certify in the passport all medical examinations and vaccines carried out, and also issue a health certificate stating the appropriate health conditions of the animal.
Cost of the passport
Each ASL operating in the area has its own tariff, decided on the basis of its interpretation of the law and the regional legislation in force.
In fact, there is no single price for the passport, it all depends on the Region where you are.
They range from € 5,61 in Emilia Romagna, € 7,76 in Abruzzo, € 11,00 in Lazio to € 15,00 in Umbria, Tuscany and Liguria. Sometimes the animal is also subjected to a medical examination by the ASL and also for this, the price varies according to the region (from € 15,00 to € 30,00).
Obviously, if the animal does not have vaccinations and microchips, the price of the veterinary visit must also be added to the passport fee. Generally the price of the vaccine is around € 8,00 / € 10,00, the application of the microchip about € 20,00, reaching a total of a total of € 60,00.
Regulation according to the destination
1 - General rules for EU members
To travel with your pet between EU member states, a number of conditions must be met.
Clearly it is recommended to plan the trip in time, preferably six months in advance.
For transportation, the animal must have the following requirements:
- Identifiability: tattoo or microchip. In the event that the microchip does not comply with the ISO standard, it is necessary to have the device reading tool.
- Passport: must be issued by the ASL, must certify the valid rabies vaccination.
- The animal's expatriation age: the animal must have 3 months to carry out the rabies vaccination, and after 21 days from the validity of the vaccination it can leave. There are exceptions and member states may authorize by way of derogation when: puppies are under 12 weeks old and have not had contact with animals susceptible to rabies (owner / veterinarian declaration); are between 12 and 16 weeks old and do not have sufficient vaccination coverage; if the mother was vaccinated before the birth of the puppies.
- Health certificate: the veterinarian must certify the state of health suitable for the trip. Between EU countries it is valid until the mandatory vaccine expires.
- It must be accompanied by the owner indicated on the document. Or if accompanied by another natural person, this must have a written declaration from the owner for the accompaniment.
2 - United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden
Since 1 January 2012, dogs, cats and ferrets can enter these countries without quarantine.
Here's what it takes:
- Microchip or legible tattoo for identification.
- Rabies vaccination: at least 21 days before introduction, attested in the passport.
- Titration of antibodies against rabies: a minimum of 120 days and a maximum of one year must have elapsed since vaccination; it is necessary to take a blood sample and send it to a laboratory authorized for the titration of anti-rabies antibodies (ie for the evaluation of the quantity of antibodies present).
- European passport and health certificate.
- Tapeworm Treatment: only for dogs, to be done not less than 24 hours and not more than 120 hours before arrival.
- Unless accompanied by the owner: a written declaration signed by the owner is required authorizing another natural person to carry out the non-commercial movement of the animal on behalf of the owner.
NB: In the UK it is forbidden to introduce certain dog breeds such as Pit Bull Terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino and Fila Brasileiro.
Entry into the country could have both consequences for the owner (administrative / criminal sanction, report to the judicial authority) and the capture of the animal.
3 - Norway
For a trip to Norway, the pet must meet the following requirements:
- Identification of the animal: microchip or legible tattoo. If the identification systems are not compatible with ISO 11784 or Annex A up to ISO Standard 11785, the owner will take the reader with him to identify his pet.
- Antirabic and antibody control: the vaccine is inactive within 365 days prior to arrival in Norway, as per the rules concerning the validity of the EU passport.
- Treatment against internal parasites: the treatment is done within 5 days before arrival in the country. The dog must be treated at least twice before the trip with an interval of 28 days to be covered during the trip.
- Customs control: the animal with the document must be presented to the customs authorities. Once the check has been carried out, they will decide whether or not the animal can enter the country.
4 - Finland
To travel to Finland, the pet must meet the following requirements:
- Identification: microchip or legible tattoo
- Rabies vaccination: at least 21 days before introduction
- EU passport and health certificate
- Tapeworm Treatment: with a drug containing praziquantel, against echinococcus. It must be done within 5 days before arrival in the country. Echinococcus treatment is not required for animals that are less than 3 months old and come from an EU member state.
5 - Third countries on European territory
Andorra, Switzerland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City State apply similar regulations to EU countries for checking pet requirements when traveling.
Solo the passport will have different characteristics: gray cover, the ISO code and state emblem and the unique numbering. Specifically, the animal must have:
- Microchip or identification tattoo.
- Vaccine against rabies and antibody titration.
- Treatment against Echinococcus multilocularis.
- Health certificate, which it is valid for 10 days since it was issued.
- Written declaration for non-commercial transportation by the owner.
- Customs control is mandatory, with the issue of an entry visa by the staff who certify that the animal has been checked at the entrance.