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How to get there and how to move in Palestine


Palestine, also known as the Palestinian Territories, is a land rich in history, where there are Jericho, one of the oldest cities in the world, and Jerusalem, which contains very important places of worship for the three great monotheistic religions, the Jewish, the Christian and the Islamic.
Unfortunately, this area has a troubled history, at the center of conflicts that continue to this day. In fact, to visit it, you must always pay particular attention pay attention to the places you go to, inform yourself well about the general situation and, above all, organize the trip down to the smallest detail.
If you are considering visiting this country, here is everything you need to know about how to get there and how to move in Palestine.



Index

  1. Where it is
  2. Security, visa and necessary documents
  3. Main geographic areas or tourist areas in Palestine
  4. Useful Tips
  5. User questions and comments

Where it is

Palestine is a state, not part of the United Nations, located in the Near East and includes East Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which overlooks the Mediterranean Sea.
It does not have an airport, so the only way to reach it is to fly to Tel Aviv and from there cross one of the crossing points controlled by the Israeli authorities and thus enter the Palestinian Territories. These crossings can be closed temporarily for security reasons if the authorities deem it necessary, so always check the crossing point you intend to pass.

Security, visa and necessary documents

Entry requirements:

  • passport with residual validity of at least 6 months;
  • visa not required for tourist stays of less than 90 days;
  • upon entering Israel, the authorities issue a coupon with the traveler's data and the terms of the visa and this coupon must be confirmed until the return to Italy and must be shown when entering the Palestinian Territories;
  • entry and exit from the Palestinian Territories occurs through crossings, called check-points, controlled by the Israeli military authorities;
  • no vaccination required.

Restrictions:

  • the presence of stamps or visas of some Arab countries on the passport does not constitute a reason for refoulement at the Israeli border, but could cause long and thorough checks and interrogations by the Israeli Border Police

Security:

  • crisis area with high security risks;
  • always maintain a vigilant attitude, especially in Jerusalem where the security situation is constantly changing;
  • travel to Jenin and Nablus in the north and around Hebron in the south is not recommended;
  • entry into the Gaza Strip is strongly discouraged, the Consulate General of Italy and the Italian Embassy cannot always guarantee adequate consular assistance to compatriots who are in these areas;
  • before leaving, report your presence in Jerusalem and the Palestinian Territories to the Consulate General of Italy in Jerusalem and consult the official website of the Farnesina in the Palestinian Territories section.

Precautions:

Adopt a always alert attitude, careful and prudent ed avoid crowded areas, especially from the possible tensions between Israeli and Arab citizens; be respectful of the local culture and traditions, respect the numerous areas of worship, adapting to the required rules; keep constantly updated on the situation in real time, especially checking that the crossing points you intend to cross are open and have not been closed by the Israeli authorities.



Main geographic areas or tourist areas in Palestine

To enter the Palestinian Territories you will necessarily have to go through Israel. The simplest thing is to land in Tel Aviv and cross the crossing that is in Jerusalem, thus arriving in East Jerusalem, which is part of Palestine, and then move from there. But be careful: the crossings can be closed temporarily for security reasons in case the authorities deem it necessary, therefore always check the crossing point you intend to pass.

The best would be to rely on an organized trip, as you can travel safely and, above all, you will have the right assistance in crossing the passes, the agency will do everything for you and will make this operation easier.
But let's see specifically the busiest and most visited areas of Palestine, leaving out the Gaza Strip and its crossing, as it is strongly discouraged:

1 - East Jerusalem and Bethlehem

To reach this area, you will need to get to theTel Aviv-Ben-Gurion Airport and from there to reach Jerusalem, 50 kilometers away, by one of the various means of transport available.

Jerusalem is an ancient city, rich in history, and is the sacred place for the three great monotheistic religions, the Christian, the Jewish and the Islamic. In fact, here you can see places of worship of all three religions, such as the Esplanade of the Mosques or the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

From Jerusalem it is very easy to get to Bethlehem, another city with an important religious role, as it is the place where Jesus was born. It is also a nice day trip if you are based in Jerusalem - book the tour online

In this area there is a continental climate e April, May, October and November are the best months to visit. This is because the intermediate seasons are the best time, with pleasant temperatures and very little rainfall, which are concentrated mainly in the winter months, from mid-May to mid-October it almost never rains.



How to reach us

The reference airport is Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurion airport, Israel's main hub and hub for Israeli companies El Al, Israir Airlines, Arkia and Sun D'Or. It is connected with direct flights to Italy. Some flights are operated by low cost airlines such as Ryanair, EasyJet and Vueling, with flights starting from € 72,00.

The airport is about 50 kilometers from Jerusalem and to reach the city you have several alternatives:

  • by bus, or with that of the 485 line managed by Afakim at a price of 16 NIS (about € 4,10) or with a bus of the Egged company at an average cost of 25 NIS (about € 6,35), in about an hour;
  • in Monit Sherut, a collective taxi which leaves from the arrivals terminal where it leaves as soon as the van fills up and takes you to your hotel, the cost is 64 NIS per person (around € 16,20);
  • on the train, with the new railway line, inaugurated in 2018, which connects the two cities in about 30 minutes;
  • by taxi, which depart from outside terminal 3, the route costs 250 NIS (approximately € 63,50).

Getting around in East Jerusalem

Once you arrive, having passed the crossing (we remind you that to pass it you will have to show your passport and the coupon given to you at the airport by the Israeli authorities), the best way to get around is on footbut just in case there are always numerous taxis that will take you to each destination.
Alternatively, you can always use buses in the area, for example, to get to Bethlehem there is the 231 line that leaves from the Damascus Gate in Jerusalem and arrives in Bethlehem in half an hour, the cost each way is 8 NIS (about € 2,00) per person, or you can move by taxi.

The alternative is to take part in an organized tour, which will take you to discover the highlights of Palestine, all of which can be visited in one day, such as Jerusalem, Bethlehem and the capital Ramallah - book your 1 day tour to the western shore of the country online.



  • Reference airport: Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport - Compare flights to Tel Aviv - from € 70,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: bus, taxi, collective taxi
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 70,00 per room -
  • Jerusalem: Full-Day City Tour Jerusalem and Bethlehem: Full-Day Small Group Tour Jerusalem, Dead Sea and Bethlehem: Tour from Tel Aviv

2 - Ramallah and the West Bank

To reach Ramallah and the West Bank, as for all of Palestine, you will necessarily have to get toTel Aviv-Ben-Gurion Airport and from there move to the capital of Palestine, even if the best thing is to arrive in Jerusalem and from there move towards your destination.

Ramallah is the administrative headquarters of the Palestinian Territories and the cultural capital of the West Bank, full of museums and monuments. Those not to be missed are the Palestinian museum, the Dar Zahran Heritage Building, the Mahmoud Darwish memorial and Arafat's tomb.

The climate is continental and the best time to visit is the intermediate seasons, specifically the months of April, May, October and November. In fact, these periods are characterized by pleasant temperatures and low rainfall, which are concentrated mainly in the winter months, while from mid-May to mid-October it almost never rains.

How to get to Ramallah

The reference airport is that of Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurion, connected with direct flights to Italy. Some flights are operated by low cost airlines such as Ryanair, EasyJet and Vueling, with flights starting from € 72,00. The airport is approximately 50 kilometers from Ramallah and reaching it may not be very easy.

Taxis cannot take you to your destination, as they cannot enter Palestinian territory, therefore you will have to get to Jerusalem, pass the present crossing and from the Damascus Gate take a taxi to Ramallah. The two cities are 20 kilometers apart.

The alternative is to get to the center of Tel Aviv with the airport shuttle bus and from there take thebus line 422 operated by Afakim at an average price of 16 NIS (about € 4,10), the journey time is about 50 minutes.

Getting around in Ramallah

You can do it safely on foot, if you have to move between the various areas and reach for example Jerusalem or Bethlehem you will have to take the bus of the Afakim company or move to taxi.

The alternative, and perhaps even the best choice, is that of take part in an organized tour, which takes you to discover the highlights of Palestine, all of which can be visited in one day, such as Jerusalem, Bethlehem and the capital Ramallah - book your tour online.

  • Reference airport: Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport - Compare flights to Tel Aviv - from € 70,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: bus, taxi, collective taxi
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -
  • From Jerusalem: West Bank Hebron & West Bank Full-Day Tour: Jerusalem Full-Day Tour Bethlehem, Jericho, Qumran & Dead Sea: Tour from Jerusalem

Useful Tips

As you have already seen, it is not always easy to reach the Palestinian Territories. The best solution is to reach Jerusalem, pass the crossing to East Jerusalem and from there then move on to discover the country.
The best way to do this, in our opinion, is to take part in an organized tour, which also includes transport, in order to discover this ancient land in the most peaceful and safe way possible.

  1. to enter the Palestinian Territories, cross the crossing in Jerusalem
  2. to explore the cities the best way is to walk, to move around the area you can use buses or taxis
  3. the best way to explore the area is by taking part in an organized tour
  4. if you decide to visit the place on your own, always check that the crossing points you intend to pass are open and have not been temporarily closed by the Israeli authorities

Travel informed: useful information

  • Inhabitants: approximately 330.000 in East Jerusalem, 2.880.000 in the West Bank and 1.890.000 in Gaza
  • Capital: Ramallah, seat of the Palestinian government; Israel has established Jerusalem as its capital, but the decision has not been recognized by most countries, including Italy, which have their own Embassy in Tel Aviv and the competent Consulate General for the Palestinian Territories in Jerusalem.
  • Languages: Arabic and English
  • Local currency: Shekel (NIS) / € 1,00 = 3,92 NIS
  • Weather: in Jerusalem and the West Bank it is temperate, with hot summers with a strong temperature range and with mild winters, possible snowfalls; between Jericho and the Dead Sea it is pre-desert, hot and dry; in Gaza of a Mediterranean type, with a hot summer and mild winters
  • Time zone: + 1h compared to Italy
  • Travel / health insurance: recommended.

Audio Video How to get there and how to move in Palestine
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