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How to get there and how to move around Nepal


Considered by mountaineering lovers to be a trekking paradise, Nepal is not only made up of mountains to climb but it is a country that has a lot to offer. Golden temples, charming villages, medieval UNESCO heritage cities, but also jungle inhabited by wild animals and lakes on which snow-capped peaks are reflected. To complete all this, a smiling people, kind and ready to welcome tourists and travelers.

Nepal, after going through years of political instability, is today a safe country; unfortunately it was devastated by a strong earthquake in 2015, but little by little villages, towns and buildings are being rebuilt, which have suffered serious damage. Also for this reason it is a place that deserves to be visited to help the population regain possession of a wonderful country. Here is all the info on how to get there and how to move around Nepal!



Index

  1. Where it is
  2. Security, visa and necessary documents
  3. Main geographic areas or tourist areas in Nepal
  4. Useful Tips
  5. User questions and comments

Where it is

Nepal is located in the Asian continent, it borders to the south with India and is washed by the banks of the Ganges, to the north with Tibet and has no access to the sea. On the other hand, in the northern part the long and famous Himalayan chain stands out with peaks that exceed 8.000 meters where Mount Everest is also located.

Security, visa and necessary documents

  • Entry requirements: passport with residual validity of 6 months; tourist visa to be requested directly upon entering the country at the land border or at Kathmandu airport by presenting the passport and two passport photos
  • vaccinations: no compulsory vaccination, however vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis A and B are recommended
  • Restrictions: upon entering the country there is an obligation to declare possession of currency over $ 5.000,00; On leaving the country, Nepalese rupees are not exportable. For travelers from India, Indian Rupees are accepted as long as they are not of a denomination greater than 100 Rupees. Up to 200 cigarettes and 1 liter of alcohol can be imported
  • Safety: Nepal is currently a rather safe country, however it is advisable to always visit the official website of the Farnesina section of Nepal before leaving
  • Useful Tips: take out travel and health insurance before leaving; cover legs and shoulders when entering temples, do not wear skimpy clothing - find out more

Main geographic areas or tourist areas in Nepal

Although it is not a very large country, its territorial conformation means that Nepal can be divided into some geographical areas. Some of these tourist areas are connected to each other and can also be reached by land, but the accidental and mountain roads often make journeys very long and so it is better to take internal flights to visit them.

NB.: for travel in any region and place it is always better to rely on local agencies and organized tours! Public transport does not have fixed timetables, besides being the big obstacle of the language.



1 - Kathmandu Valley

This is perhaps the best known area of ​​the country and includes important cities such as the capital Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur, Boudhanat and some mountain villages such as Nagarkot. And the heart of Nepal, crossroads of cultures with numerous temples and monuments.

The best time to visit this area is the months from October to April when temperatures are hot but not muggy and rains absent.

How to get there and how to get around

The Kathmandu Valley is one of the easiest areas to visit. You arrive atKathmandu airport with flights from Italy that usually make stopovers in Istanbul (Tukish company), Delhi (Air India), Muscat (Omanair) and take about 12 h and 30 min. The cost of a flight from Milan or Rome is about € 600,00 if you travel in low season and book a few months in advance.
The airport is 6 km from the center, you can reach it by taxi in about 25 min (there is always a lot of traffic which makes travel slow) and costs between 250,00 and 300,00 RS (between € 1,50 and € 2,20). This is the best and most reliable solution, as the buses, even if they are active, do not have precise timetables and perhaps moving with suitcases or backpack on vehicles full of people could be uncomfortable.

To move around the region, the best thing is to rely on local agencies who organize transport with driver on board of mini buses or cars to visit the valley. Also in this case, we do not recommend public transport that never has defined timetables. Car rental is also not recommended, as the roads are not always in good condition and they are also not well signposted.



  • Reference airport: Tribhuvan International Airport - Compare flights to Kathmandu - from € 530,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: mini bus or car driven by local drivers that can be booked at local agencies at a cost of approximately $ 40,00 / day (€ 36,00)
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 25,00 per room -
  • Kathmandu: One Way Transfer or Departure Airport Transfer Kathmandu Walking Tour Kathmandu: Patan and Bhaktapur Tour

2 - Nepalese hills region

This area, locally called Pahar, is between 700 and 4.000 meters high and is the region that divides the Terai range from the Mahabharat range. Here you will find among other places the newari village of Bandipur, the spectacular stalactites of the Siddha Gufa cave and the beauties of Pokhara with its mountains and lake. It is also the ideal base for excursions like trekking on Annapurna.

The best time to visit this area is the months from October to April, when the temperatures are warm but not muggy and the rains are absent.

How to get there and how to get around

There are two reference airports: for the area west of Kathmandu the international airport of the capital, Tribhuvan International Airport, is used, while to visit the Pokhara area, the Pokhara Airport is used, connected daily with several flights coming from Kathmandu. From Italy it is always necessary to fly to Kathmandu and then from there take a flight of the Buddha Air and Nepal Air which in 25 minutes leads to Pokhara (average cost about $ 120,00, € 110,00). Pokhara airport is located 2 km from the city center and can be reached by taxi in 10 min (200,00 RS, € 1,50).

If you prefer move by land, Kathmandu airport is 204 km from Pokhara, a bus takes 6 to 8 hours and tourist buses cost between 700,00 and 1000,00 RS (between € 5,00 and € 7,50).
Also to move in this area, the advice is to rely on transport organized with agencies although some places are connected by public buses which never have fixed timetables.



  • Reference airport: Tribhuvan International Airport and Pokhara Airport - Compare flights to Kathmandu and Pokhara - from € 530,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: mini bus or car driven by local drivers that can be booked at local agencies at a cost of approximately $ 40,00 / day (€ 36,00)
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 20,00 per room -
  • Pokhara: Sarangkot Sunrise Half-Day Guided Tour from Pokhara Pokhara: 3-Day Tour

3 - Western Terai

The southern area of ​​Nepal is occupied by this region offering visitors wonderful protected areas; to the west are the Sukla Phanta and Bardia, beautiful alluvial forests and grasslands inhabited by rhinos, tigers, leopards and elephants where it is possible to excursions on foot, by jeep or safari on the back of elephants.

The ideal time for a trip to this region goes from October to March, but bear in mind that wildlife is more likely to be seen in January.

How to get there and how to get around

For Bardia National Park and Sukla Phanta National Park, thethe closest airport is Nepalganj, where several flights a day from Kathmandu operated by Buddha Air, Nepal Airlines or Yeti Airlines land, costing approximately $ 150,00 (€ 137,00) for an hour's flight.
The airport is 87 km from Bardia National Park, which can be reached by tourist buses in about 2 hours at a cost of 6.000,00 RS (€ 44,00). From Sukla, however, is 216 km away and to reach it you need to hire a private taxi or take part in an excursion.

Again, especially for excursions and safaris, it is necessary take part in organized tours o reach the parks by taxi. The advice then is to stay inside the reserves where there are some lodges and accommodations, which can also arrange the movements and activities to be carried out during the days.

  • Reference airport: Nepalganj Airport - Compare flights to Kathmandu and Nepalganj - from € 530,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: private taxis or mini-buses organized by the lodges
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 12,00 per room -.

4 - Central terai

The most visited area of ​​the Mahabhart and Terai chain is this central area where the Chitwan National Park is located and Lumbini, birthplace of the Buddha. Also not to be missed is the Shashwat Dham Hindu Temple.

The ideal time for a trip to this region goes from October to March, but keep in mind that a January you are more likely to spot wildlife.

How to get there and how to get around

To reach Chitwan park the the most suitable and fastest means is the plane which in 30 minutes connects Kathmandu to Bharatpur. There are several daily flights operated by Buddha Air, Nepal Airlines or Yeti Airlines and cost approximately $ 120,00 (€ 110,00).

The park is 22 Km from Bharatpur airport and once landed it is suggested to Take a taxi at a cost of 1600,00 RS (€ 10,00) which in about 45 minutes leads to the center of Saurah, an excellent base for those who do not want to stay overnight in the park. If you are in Kathmandu, you should know that you can take part in several tours that depart directly from the capital, lasting up to several days.

  • Reference airport: Bharatpur Airport - Compare flights to Kathmandu and Bharatpur - from € 530,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: taxi or organized tours
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 18,00 per room -
  • Kathmandu: 3-Day Chitwan Safari Tour Kathmandu: 6-Day Kathmandu and Lumbini Tour

5 - Everest Base Camp

This area of ​​Nepal is one of the most popular and dreamed destinations for those who love mountaineering and trekking high in the mountains.
Of course, you need to be in good health and fit to visit this part of the country and the stay goes organized in the smallest details with accredited guides, porters and specialized agencies.

The best months to hike are October and November when the sky is clearer and the risk of avalanches is lower.

How to get there and how to get around

Much of the trek in the area to Everest Base Camp is done in Sagarmatha National Park and the home base is Lukla where the airport is also located. A flight from Kathmandu to Lukla takes 45 minutes and costs an average of $ 150,00 (approximately € 135,00). Lukla airport is only 800 meters from the center and usually you travel on foot or with tours.

Once landed it is necessary be already organized with the guides to do the walks, so we advise you to organize and book everything well in advance!

  • Reference airport: Lukla Airport - Compare flights to Kathmandu and Bharatpur - from € 530,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: feet
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 15,00 per room -
  • Everest Base Camp Trek

Useful Tips

If you are planning a trip to Nepal, the suggestion is to plan ahead in order to book the flight and any transfers to move around the country.
But here it is some tips to keep in mind:

  1. If you want to go trekking, contact the specialized agencies in advance who will provide you with expert guides
  2. There are numerous accommodations in Kathmandu, from simple hostels to luxurious hotels; identify the structure and book it
  3. When moving from one location to another, always keep in mind that the roads in Nepal are very busy and in some areas difficult to travel. Always calculate the times well also by consulting your driver
  4. Remember to always have appropriate clothing, women should always wear long skirts or pants and not too low-cut T-shirts, while men can have bare legs and arms
  5. If you want to do good, remember that the Nepalese population is very poor, so school supplies, medicine and basic necessities are welcome. Donate them directly to the associations they will distribute when you donate
  6. In sacred places remember to always have a lot of respect, do not raise your voice and ask for permission before taking pictures
  7. When you say thank you or say hello, remember to always make the gesture of prayer accompanied by the word "Namastè"

Travel informed: useful information

  • Inhabitants: 29.959.364
  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Languages: Nepali, English
  • Local currency: Nepalese rupee (RS) / € 1,00 = RS 130,00
  • Weather: tropical with two seasons, a rainy and humid one from June to the end of September with sultry heat in different areas and a dry one in the remaining months with pleasant temperatures during the day and cool in the evening especially in the mountains. On the Himalayas the climate is alpine with very harsh winters and cold summers with temperatures that never go above 0 ° - find out more
  • Time zone: GMT + 5.45; + 4h 45min compared to Italy
  • Travel / health insurance: recommended.

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