How to get there and how to move around Israel

Who I am
Joel Fulleda
@joelfulleda
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Israel is one ancient land, full of wonderful landscapes, which pass from the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea to those of the Dead Sea and the Red Sea, to the hinterland where Jerusalem is located to the northernmost part of Lake Tiberias.
Being a very large country, it is important to organize your trip well, decide which parts to visit, which ones to focus on and which ones to leave out, thus being able to identify the departure airport and the best way to move. For some areas we recommend that you rely on organized tours, for others, such as in the city of Tel Aviv, you can move freely.
So here's everything you need to know about how to get there and how to move in Israel.



Index

  1. Where it is
  2. Security, visa and necessary documents
  3. Main geographic areas or tourist areas Israel
  4. Useful Tips
  5. User questions and comments

Where it is

Israel it is located in the Near East and directly overlooks the Mediterranean Sea on the western side.
It borders to the north with Lebanon and Syria, to the south-west with Egypt and to the south-east with Jordan. On the whole eastern side, however, it borders the Palestinian Territories, with which it also shares the city of Jerusalem (East Jerusalem, in fact, belongs to Palestine) and along the entire border there are several crossings, called check points, which act as a crossing point between the two countries.

Security, visa and necessary documents

  • Entry requirements: passport with residual validity of at least 6 months; visa not required for tourist stays of less than 90 days, upon entering Israel the authorities issue a coupon with the traveler's data and the terms of the visa and this coupon must be confirmed until the return to Italy and must be shown in the the moment you enter the Palestinian Territories
  • vaccinations: no vaccination required
  • Restrictions: the presence of stamps or visas from some Arab or Islamic countries does not represent a reason for refoulement when entering Israel, but could cause long interrogations and thorough checks by the border police
  • Safety: the security situation in the country is always constantly evolving, therefore always vigilant and attentive behavior is recommended; it is strongly advised against going to the border areas with Lebanon and Syria and near the Gaza Strip, at the Rafah crossing, which is often closed due to the tensions in this area; before leaving and during your trip, always consult the official website of the Farnesina in the Israel section
  • Useful Tips: always keep a vigilant and attentive attitude, especially in very crowded places, and keep away from demonstrations and parades; wear appropriate clothing and maintain a respectful attitude towards local realities

Main geographic areas or tourist areas Israel

We can ideally divide Israel into three different tourist areas, which also correspond to the three main climatic zones:



  1. that of Tel Aviv and the whole Mediterranean coast up to Haifa, served by the international airport of Tel Aviv;
  2. that of Jerusalem and the innermost part of the country, also served by the international airport of Tel Aviv, and which also extends to the northernmost area, where the Sea of ​​Galilee is located;
  3. finally Eilat and all the south, including the Red Sea and the desert area, served by Eilat-Ramon airport.

1 - Tel Aviv and the Mediterranean coast

For the Mediterranean coast, the reference airport is theTel Aviv-Ben-Gurio Airport.
Tel Aviv overlooks the Mediterranean Sea and is one cosmopolitan city, a mix of tradition and modernity, which combines a vibrant nightlife and beaches packed with tourists and surfers with older neighborhoods, such as Old Jaffa, and traditional markets.

Another city located on the northernmost coast and that you absolutely cannot miss it is Haifa, the third largest in the country. Here you will find beautiful beaches and Bahai Gardens, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This area is characterized by a Mediterranean climate and the best time to visit is from May to October, when temperatures range from a minimum of 17 ° to a maximum of 30 ° and the sea water is perfect for swimming (except in May, when the water may still be a bit cold).

How to reach us

The reference airport is theTel Aviv-Ben-Gurion Airport. It is the country's main ed it is very well connected with Italy. From Rome and Milan there are several flights operated by the low cost airline Ryanair, which will allow you to spend very little.
The airport is located 20 kilometers east of the city and to reach the center you have several solutions:



  • the taxi, best solution and most used by tourists. Available 24 hours a day, a ride to the center costs around NIS 24 (around € 160);
  • the buses with numerous urban and interurban lines that depart from the Egged bus station (where the transport company of the same name is based), to the Airport City, reachable with the free shuttles provided by the airport;
  • on the train, active from Sunday to Thursday evening 24 hours a day in the basement of terminal 24 and stop a bit far from the center, then you will need to take a taxi, they leave every 3 minutes and the ticket price is 30 NIS (about € 13,50).

For more info here is the guide on how to get around Tel Aviv.

Getting around

In the city you can easily move on foot or by taxi, while to travel along the coast you can rely on good public transport system, especially on the buses, operated by Egged, the main transport company of the country that guarantees comfortable and safe travel. For example, to go to Haifa, about 90 km away, it will take you about 3 hours and the cost of the ticket is only 27 NIS (about € 7,00), you can buy it either at the ticket office or directly on board. On their official website you can find all the routes, with their prices and departure times.

But be careful: public transport does not run on Friday and Saturday (until sunset), as there is Shabbat, the Israeli weekend party. In this case you can opt for a taxi, rent a car or rely on some organized tour that will take you to discover the area.



  • Reference airport: Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurion - Compare flights to Tel Aviv - from € 72,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: taxi, bus, train, organized tours
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -
  • Tel Aviv: City Walking Tour in English Tel Aviv: Bike Tour, Museum Visits & Lunch Jerusalem and Bethlehem Full-Day Tour from Tel Aviv

2 - Jerusalem and the hinterland

To visit the Israeli hinterland, the reference airport is the Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurio, which is 45 kilometers from Jerusalem.

This city is a fundamental sacred place for the three great monotheistic religions of the world, the Christian, the Jewish and the Islamic. From here, moreover, several organized excursions depart towards the city of Bethlehem, located a little further south.

Another place worth visiting is Tiberias, located on the lake of the same name, a place where according to the Gospel Jesus walked on the water.

As you go inland from the coast, the climate becomes more and more continental and the best time to visit it are the intermediate seasons, especially the months of April, May and October. This is because these months are a perfect combination of pleasant temperatures (on the other hand, in summer it can be hot and very cold in winter, with possible snowfalls in January and February) and little rain (rainfall is concentrated in the winter months).

How to reach us

The reference airport is Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport is located just 45 kilometers west of Jerusalem and you have different options to reach the city:

  • the bus, is the cheapest, the 485 line operated by Afakin, with departures every hour from Sunday to Thursday, Friday only at 12:00 and 12:00 and Saturday only at 19:00, and the ticket costs 16 NIS (approximately € 5,00) per person;
  • the Monit Sherut, the collective taxi, which departs in front of the arrivals terminal and takes you in front of your hotel in Jerusalem, service available 7 days a week and which departs every time the van is full, the ticket costs 7 NIS each way (approximately € 64);
  • the taxi, obviously more comfortable and faster but with a higher expense than the other options, the route costs an average of 250 NIS (about € 64,00) and depart from terminal 3.

Getting around

In Jerusalem, you can move around on foot, while to visit the whole surrounding area you can always to rely on public transport network of the Egged company. You can also use their buses to move north on the Sea of ​​Galilee. For example, the Jerusalem-Tiberias route costs 37,5 NIS (approximately € 9,50) and the journey time is less than three hours. If you have to move on Shabbat you can rent a car, or rely on some organized tour that will take you to discover the area.

  • Reference airport: Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurion - Compare flights from Rome - from € 72,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: bus, car, organized tours
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 50,00 per room -
  • Jerusalem: Full-Day City Tour Jerusalem and Bethlehem: Full-Day Tour from Jerusalem Jerusalem: Tour from Netanya, Herzliya and Tel Aviv

3 - Eilat and Southern Israel

Eilat-Ramon Airport is the main one, is 18 kilometers from Eliat.
This city is a seaside resort located between the Negev Desert and the Red Sea. It is an excellent starting point to explore the entire southern area of ​​Israel and then also to go to nearby Jordan.
In fact, several day tours depart from Eilat to Petra, which is only 135 kilometers away. By participating in an organized excursion (one day or two days) you will have even less problems with the visa for Jordan and travel!

The southern part of Israel is characterized by a desert climate, due to the presence of the Negev desert, which occupies a large part of the territory. To visit the area, the best months are April, October and November. In the summer it is really too hot, with temperatures around 40 ° in July and August which make even the simple beach life really difficult.

How to reach us

The reference airport is Eilat-Ramon which is well connected to many European cities, even with low cost flights operated by Ryanair (from Berlin, Bratislava, Brussels, Budapest, Prague and others) and WizzAir (from Budapest, London).
Solo from Milan Bergamo there is a direct connection operated by Ryanair (only on certain days of the week). From Rome the connection is operated by Lufthansa with one or two stopovers in Germany.

The airport is located 18 km from the city, which can be reached in several ways: the best one is the taxi, the vehicle most used by tourists available 24 hours a day. Always rely on official companies, such as Eilat Taxis, Shachmon Taxis, Taaba Taxis and Fattal Taxis. Then there are the bus, Egged company, which take you to the city in just 40 minutes, 4,2 NIS (about € 1,07). By renting a car, you can contact the companies Avis, Budget, Dollar Thrifty, Eldan, Hertz and Shlomo Sixt

Getting around

As for travel both in the city and in the area, you can rely on the transport network managed by the Egged company. For example, if you want to travel from Eilat along the Red Sea coast, arriving at the Underwater Observatory Park, 10 kilometers south of the city center, the ticket costs only 4,2 NIS (approximately € 1,07).

instead, an organized tour is always recommended for desert excursions! Don't go to these areas individually, but always rely on a guide. The organized tours include various activities and the costs vary from the duration and from what is included, generally starting from € 50,00 upwards - book the tour online

  • Reference airport: Eilat-Ramon airport to Eilat - Compare flights to Eilat - from € 200,00
  • Recommended means of getting around: taxi, bus, car
  • Where to sleep nearby: Hotel and b & b starting from € 60,00 per room -
  • From Eilat: Desert Jeep Tour Petra and Wadi Rum: 2-Day Tour from Eilat

Useful Tips

Getting around Israel is very simple and cheap, you have a wide choice of media to choose according to your needs. In addition, the various cities, in addition to being connected by the transport network managed by Egged, can be visited by taking part in various organized tours. Rely on the latter if you want to experience the desert - book the tour from Eilat to the Red Sea online

  1. if you want to travel by public transport, rely on the Egged company, in any case there are alternative solutions such as taxis or transfer services - book online the transfer from Tel Aviv to Eilat - transfer from Jerusalem to Eilat
  2. for excursions in the desert or to places off the most popular tourist routes, always rely on an organized tour or a local guide - see the tours available online
  3. the airport with more connections with Italy is that of Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurion, which can be the perfect base to explore the rest of the country, even the southern part
  4. even if it is easy to get around, plan your trip in advance by already booking the various trips on the official websites, do not leave anything to chance

Travel informed: useful information

  • Inhabitants: 9.021.000
  • Capital: Israel has established Jerusalem as its capital, but the decision has not been recognized by most countries, including Italy, which have their own Embassy in Tel Aviv
  • Languages: Hebrew, Arabic and English
  • Local currency: Shekel (NIS) / € 1,00 = 3,92 NIS
  • Weather: mainly Mediterranean, with a hot and humid summer and a mild winter and with a strong temperature range between day and night; in Jerusalem the climate is more continental, with always hot summers and cold winters, with possible snowfalls
  • Time zone: + 1h compared to Italy
  • Travel / health insurance: recommended.


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