Italy is a nation very rich in beautiful and unique environments and landscapes, which the whole world envies us. We are very careful to safeguard these places, both for a purely touristic discourse, and for the ecological and environmental point of view.
Unfortunately we know just as well that building abuse it is one of the plagues of our beautiful country, and often unauthorized constructions turn out to be real ecomonsters.
Ugly to look at but above all very dangerous for the environment, some - but not all - are later demolished, giving the town a harmonious and respectful landscape.
Meaning: This is what Ecomostri are!
The Wikipedia definition of the term ecomostrum indicates it as a "building or complex of buildings considered seriously incompatible with the surrounding natural environment". The word ecomostro was introduced by Legambiente referring to the Hotel Fuenti, in Vietri sul Mare in the province of Salerno, the first in history that was fortunately demolished. Today this term is part of our everyday language and, underlining how much this is a uniquely Italian phenomenon, is untranslatable into other languages as well as illegal.
10 - City of Toys of Consonno, Lecco
From an idea of a rich entrepreneur who literally bought the entire village in 1962, the project of a real estate was born in Consonno, in the province of Lecco city of toys. The location included a commercial park, spaces for games and dancing, many restaurants and various shops.Unfortunately, Brianza's Las Vegas was short-lived: due to a landslide, the only connecting road was cut off and the town isolated. Today what remains is a ghost town, a destination for photographers and often the site of unauthorized rave parties.
9 - Albergo di Alimuri, between Vico Equense and Meta di Sorrento (SA)
Pulled down in 2014 after 50 years of its construction, the eco-monster of Alimuri it was the skeleton of what must have been an exclusive hotel. Considered building abuse longest lived in Italy, was planned to become a 2-room hotel, with a surface area of approximately 18 square meters and 1962 cubic meters. The building permit, granted in , was then canceled once construction had begun. This building has undergone well three judicial investigations, to various raids carried out by the Goletta Verde of Legambiente (which was clamoring for its killing) and to countless changes of ownership. Finally, in 2007, the then Minister of Cultural Heritage Rutelli agreed the demolition with the Campania Region, the Province of Naples and with the owners of the property.
8 - The "hill of dishonor" Pizzo Sella, Palermo
On this hill, which overlooks the splendid Gulf of Mondello, they are located the ruins of 170 villas built by a local mafia association, for a total of one million square meters of concrete. The construction of these eco monsters began in the seventies and, unfortunately, the procedures for the demolition were never completed.
7 - Abusive village of Torre Mileto, Lesina (FG)
There are even 2800 illegal houses that make up this abandoned village, considered the greatest example of unauthorized coastal of Italy. As a migratory destination for many species of birds, in the heart of the Gargano National Park, the area has been declared a Site of Community Importance and a Special Protection Area by the European Union. It is therefore obvious the absolute prohibition of any type of construction activity, unfortunately never respected. The village was also built, a few steps from the sea, the houses have no foundations, electricity and gas connections as well as sewage, so much so that the sewage is disposed of only through dispersing wells. Still no news on the more than necessary demolition, the owners are even trying to assert their rights as, over the years, they have paid taxes and heavy taxes issued by the state.
6 - Ecomostro di Sammezzano, Reggello (FI)
Also in this case, the now abandoned building should have become a hotel and its construction dates back to the s. It is located right near the beautiful Sammezzano Castle and it has been lying abandoned for years.
5 - Ecomostro of Baia Campi, Vieste (FG)
This gigantic structure is made up of over 60 cubic meters of concrete. Located in the middle of the Gargano National Park, it is yet another example of unauthorized building that has never been used and lies abandoned to deface the Adriatic coast. The peculiarity of this work is that it was created by the Puglia Region, and therefore by the state, starting from the Eighties, after a long process for permits that were subsequently withdrawn. The cost of the eco-monster, which amounts to several tens of billions of lire, was covered by state funds and European funding. The result of this waste? The natural environment ruined forever, despite the environmental and hydrological constraints designed to protect the area.
4 - Former colony of Fara, Chiavari (GE)
It is a building in the classic Littorio style, built in 1935 and inaugurated three years later by Benito Mussolini himself. Initially conceived and used as summer camp which welcomed youngsters on vacation, it was then used as a military hospital during the war, a refugee center, a youth hotel and also as an elementary school. It has been since the s a shelter for the homeless and immigrants and, consequently, it represents urban decay. But here's the good news: after more than 34 years of diatribes and back and forth, the area was purchased by a company which promises to build, with completion of the works in 2017, eighteen luxury apartments, an accommodation facility with restaurant and SPA, garage and underground parking.
3 - Torre-silos Idit, Monteroni d'Arbia (SI)
Known by the local population as the Tower of the Island, this construction represents a real destruction of the characteristic panorama of the Sienese countryside. Built and inaugurated with a lot of blessing from the Curia authorities, it had to be a state of the art factory for the production of tomato powder. After only a month of operation it ceased to function and ever since it remained abandoned. As it is very high, the tower can be seen from almost every point in the province of Siena, as well as from the Torre del Mangia.
2 - Ex SIR jetty, Lamezia Terme (CZ)
Not only skeletons of hotels or villas, there is also one among the eco monsters of Italy this wharf which is included in the black list of Legambiente. Built by the Italian Resin Society, it was intended to help dock ships and facilitate the loading and unloading of goods, favoring the local economy especially in the industrial sector. After about forty years from its construction, a part of the pier collapsed, making the building monster even more disfiguring and polluting.
1 - Liquichimica, Saline Joniche (RC)
A short and sad story that of this factory, the Liquichimica in fact, built, inaugurated and closed after just 48 hours of life. Only after its realization did the authorities realize that the industrial activity carried out here was highly polluting, all at the modest cost of 1.300 billion of the old lire. All this had repercussions on the workers, forced to undergo a layoff that lasted 18 years, and obviously on the environment. Instead, it was only the members of some mafia organization who gained.