It is dedicated to the first King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy the Vittoriano, better known as Altar of the Fatherland, an imposing monument which is part of the Vittoriano complex in Rome which symbolizes the unity of our nation. Inside one of the most important Capitoline attractions the remains of the Unknown Soldier rest; at the center of this monumental structure, made up of four parts, stands the equestrian statue of Vittorio Emanuele II.
- Hours and prices
- Online tickets and guided tours
- What to see and how to visit the Vittoriano
- Where is it and how to get there
- Useful tips for visiting the attraction
- Historical notes, curiosities and practical info: what to know in brief
- User questions and comments
Hours and prices
Access to the impressive Altare della Patria is free and it is possible practically all year round; since 2007, however, a more unique and rare service for tourists has been added. This is theaccess to a panoramic terrace, reachable by lift, which gives the user the opportunity to enjoy a breathtaking view of the city of Rome.
Ticket office hours and costs therefore refer to access to the panoramic terrace.
- Mon-Thu 09: 30-18: 30 (last entrance to the elevators at 17:45); Fri-Sun and holidays 09: 30-19: 30 (last entrance to the elevators at 18:45). The elevators are closed on December 25th and January 1st
- Best time to avoid queues: at opening and at lunchtime
- € 7,00 for access to the terrace, € 5,00 for the Risorgimento Museum. Info and reservations: 068715111 - www.ilvittoriano.com
- Reductions: € 3,50 for under 18 and over 65 for access to the terrace, € 2,50 for the Risorgimento Museum
- Free: under 10 years, disabled people with their companion, MiBACT staff, tourist guides and other free admissions provided for by law
Online tickets and guided tours
- 2,5-hour tour of the Terrace of the Vittoriano and Colosseum: from € 75,00 per person - find out more
- Segway tour in the heart of Rome: from € 30,00 per person - see the offer
What to see and how to visit the Vittoriano
81 meters high and 135 meters wide, the Altare della Patria can be divided into 4 main sectors: the staircase, the two lateral propylaea and the upper portico with columns. Furthermore, since 2007, visitors have been granted the opportunity to reach the "upper floors" of the attraction, via lifts that lead to the suggestive panoramic terrace, placed behind the monument. Here is a list of things to see regarding the monument itself and the museum complex to which it belongs:
- Exteriors and equestrian statue of Vittorio Emanuele II: the architecture is embellished with decorative elements and wonderful statues, such as the honor guard of the Unknown Soldier and the statue of the goddess Rome; the bas-reliefs inspired by Virgil's Bucolics and Georgics, and obviously the Equestrian Statue of VIttorio Emanuele II.
- Quadrighe Terrace: it is a panoramic terrace which is accessed via a glass lift. The entrance ticket costs € 7,00 and allows you to admire a sensational view over the city.
- Museum of the Risorgimento: Museum located in the building adjacent to the monument, inside there are relics and memorabilia related to the Risorgimento and the First World War. The full ticket costs € 5,00, the reduced one € 2,50.
- Shrine of the Banners: it is part of the Museum of the Risorgimento but is located inside the Altare della Patria. It offers a collection of flags used in the Risorgimento and during the First World War. From the Memorial it is possible to access the Crypt of the Unknown Soldier.
- Crypt of the Unknown Soldier: located inside the Sacrario delle Bandiere, here is the chapel that commemorates the Italian soldiers who died or were missing in the war.
- Temporary Exhibitions: several temporary exhibitions are set up inside. So far there have been exhibitions on Pollock, Andy Warhol, Botero and pop phenomena such as Barbie and Guelle Stellari. For more information, please visit www.ilvittoriano.com.
Where is it and how to get there
The Altare della Patria is about 3 km from the center of the capital. This distance can be covered, on foot or by public transport, in less than half an hour.
- On foot: in 23 minutes from the city center proceeding west towards Piazza della Repubblica - Get directions
- By bus: buses n ° 81, 85, 87, 186, 571, 810, 850, with a stop in Piazza Venezia in about 30-32 minutes. Buses n ° 44, 84, 190, 780, 781 also allow you to reach the attraction
- By metro: metro B (blue line) Colosseo stop + bus 51 to Fori Imperiali / Campidoglio (total 25 minutes)
Useful tips for visiting the attraction
There are few tips to remember if you decide to visit the famous Vittoriano. Often an exploration of the Altare della Patria is included in a larger tour of the entire Vittoriano complex and the possible exhibitions organized in the surrounding area.
- Get up early: reaching it early in the morning, in order to take advantage of the lift service for the panoramic terrace, would be ideal. It is also advisable to avoid weekends, so as not to be stuck in a long line in front of the elevators
- Buy the city card: if you are interested in visiting other museums or attractions in the city, you can buy the city card and save on admissions
- Respect for the monuments: unfortunately, we have recently witnessed some real phenomena of destruction towards the sculptural and architectural monuments of the capital. It is essential to remember that damaging a work of art is not only disrespectful but also legally punishable
- Minimum time: dedicated to visiting the Vittoriano, with an adjoining panoramic terrace, at least an hour
- Disabled access: there is a special entrance on the right side of the monument (Via del Teatro di Marcello - Get directions), where the service lift that leads to the median terrace is located. The other entrances are: Piazza Venezia (main entrance of the monument); left side entrance (Via di San Pietro in Carcere); right side entrance Via del Teatro di Marcello (Aracoeli side)
Historical notes, curiosities and practical info: what to know in brief
Originally conceived as a commemorative monument for the first Sovereign of Italy (Vittorio Emanuele II, who died in 1878), its construction was rather troubled: two international calls for tenders were issued to erect the work (in 1880 and in 1882), the works did not begin before 1885. Several materials were also adopted due to its formation, and the Botticino from Brescia replaced travertine, originally chosen to build the altar.
The winning project, presented by Giuseppe Sacconi, proceeded rather slowly and it involved the demolition of the medieval and Renaissance districts of the entire area of the Campidoglio.
When Sacconi died in 1905, it was the turn of the architects Gaetano Koch, Manfredo Manfredi and Pio Piacentini to complete the work. The works ended definitively in 1935.
Altar of the Fatherland and Mussolini
The Vittoriano is often associated with Mussolini, and some mistakenly think that its birth dates back to the fascist period. This is because the monument actually took on a topical role for the fascists: it was right in front of it that the historic March on Rome of 1922 ended. But that's not all, the Altar appeared in several fascist propaganda films and was the background to the famous speeches made by Mussolini from the balcony of Piazza Venezia.
The truth is that this place has always represented the undisputed symbol of freedom and the sense of unity of our nation, therefore it is a place of very strong relevance for nationalists and patriots. It is no coincidence that here is the Sacello del Milite Ignoto, the soldier who died during the First World War whose remains symbolize the memory and respect of the Italian institutions towards the fallen in war.
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